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Full text of "History of the Fifth Regiment, M.V.M. [electronic resource]"

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HISTORY 



OF THE 



FIFTH REGIMENT, M.V.M. 




BY 



FRANK T ROBINSON, 

Ex-Member of Co. H, and A, and Regimental Historian. 



Fifth M. V- M. Headquarters, No. 82 Main Street, 
Charlestown, Mass. 



BOSTON : 

\V. V. Brown & Company, Printers, 113 Franklin St. 
1879. 



Copyright, 1879, 

BY 

FRANK T. ROBINSON. 



INTRODUCTORY 



In compiling this history, the author has 
endeavored to confine himself to simple and 
authentic data, and in order to facilitate the 
search for facts, the Campaign and other Remi- 
niscences are placed at the end of the volume. 

It is to be regretted that a considerable 
amount of regimental property was burned in 
the Boston fire, Nov 9th, 1872, in which there 
were valuable books, containing material that 
would have furnished more important detail" 
than is herein used ; and again, the fire of 
December 28th, 1879, burned all of the origi- 
nal manuscript for this history, together with 
much valuable printed matter, as well as 1200 heliotype 
portraits, but by good fortune the author possessed most 
of the signatures of the proof-sheets, and was thus enabled 
to publish the present history 

It would probably be impossible to obtain an accurate 
Roster of the Regiment for each Campaign, and it would 
be presumable that the State Reports only could furnish 
the correct list ; but the author has been obliged to con- 
sult several other sources, and if- errors have crept in here 
and there, it is the fault, in a great measure, of the author- 
ities consulted,* and by referring to the errata on the last 
page, many unavoidable mistakes found in this history ap- 
pear corrected. 

The author sincerely hopes that this volume will meet 
the approbation of the thousands who have from time to 
time been members of the Glorious Old Fifth. 



* See Note, page vii. 



CONTENTS 



Early History 1 

Re-organizations, 2, 4, 7, 84, 92 

Old Encampments 3 

Eepeal of Militia Law, 4 

Composition of the Fifth, 7, 84 

Commanders of the Fourth Regiment 7 

Colonel Charles B. Rogers, ...*...-.. 8 

For Bunker Hill, 11 

War Record -Three Months, 8-15 

General Samuel C. Lawrence, 14 

Roster First Three Months' Men, 18-29 

Nine Months' Campaign, 29-55 

General George H. Peirson, 55 

Roster of Nine Months Men, 57-69 

Band 69 

One Hundred Days' Men, 70-83 

Field and Staff, 1866, 84 

Colonel William T. Grammer, 85 

Colonel George A. Meacham, 88 

Field and Staff, 1867^ and 1868 88 

» " 1869 and 1870, 89 

« " 1871-1874, 90 

Colonel Walter Everett, 90 

Field and Staff, 1875-1878 91 

Uniforms 91. U9. 120 

Company Sketches 93 

"Jeff" Davis' Speech, 101 



VI. CONTENTS. 

Company A 19, 58, 72, 111, 112, 116, 117, 144, 148 

" B, 20, 59, 73, 109, 114, 148, 149 

" C 21, 60, 74, 98, 102, 109, 114, 116, 150, 153 

" D, 22, 61, 75, 94, 96, 109, 153, 154 

" E, 23, 62, 76, 103, 111, 116, 154, 156 

" F, 24, 63, 78, 111, 115, 116, 117, 157, 158 

" G-, . 25,65,79,97,158,159,160 

" H 26, 66. 80, 99, 116, 160, 161, 162 

" I, . . . 27, 67, 81, 110 

" K 28,68,82,103,112 

Interesting Notes, 117 

Regimental Seal, 118 

Fall Encampments, 118 

Killed and Wounded 119 

Crack Organizations, 119 

Music, . ' 120 

Charlestown Light Infantry 120 

Columbian Guards, 121 

Colonel Ezra J. Trull, . 121 

Contemplated Trip to Xew Haven, 122 

Reception of the Fifth in New Haven, 1X62, . 124 

Circulars and Orders, , . . 12."-i;.;,s 

Start for Xew Haven, . . . , 138 

Arrival — lieview and Procession, 139-142 

Roster of Field and Staff, ....... . 143, 144 

Entertainment of Companies, 144-162 

Banquet and Speeches, 162-168 

Homeward Bound, and Incidentals, 168, 171 

Press Comments, 173-180 



NOTE 



It is earnestly desired by the author, that he may be im- 
mediately notified of every error found in this volume, of 
whatever kind it may be, in order that the Supplement, 
to be published in the early future, and so arranged that 
it can be incorporated with this book, may make the his- 
tory absolutely correct in every detail. For illustration, 
if a letter is wrong in a name, as in the case of Joseph D. 
Bragdon, of Co. E, 9 months' men, where the middle ini- 
tial appears as S,* instead of D, or as in the case of mis- 
spelling of the word Mankin's, page 70, reading Mamkin's; 
such errors would appear in the Supplement, as correc- 
tions, and thus make the history more valuable as a guide 
in the future, when it would be too late to rectify mistakes. 

The Supplement will be sent yralh to every subscriber, 
and will contain any information that may be received, of 
value to the volume. 

Frank T. Robinson, 

25 Mount Vernon St., 

East Somerville, Mass. 

* Adjutant-General's report lias this initial S. 



THE FIFTH REGIMENT MASSACHUSETTS VOL- 
UNTEER MILITIA. 



<*<Ko 



ITS EARLY HISTORY. 



The old militia of this State were composed of Artil- 
lery, Light Infantry, Riflemen, and generally one regi- 
ment of Cavalry. 

In looking over the records at the State House, I find 
that as far back as 1800, there was a regiment called the 
" Fifth Regiment of Light Infantry," and the companies 
composing it were from nearly the same location as those 
now attached to the Fifth. 

The militia at the time of the war with Great Britain, 
when Madison was President, were in a fair condition, 
considering the times, and numbered about seven thou- 
sand men of what was then termed the " active militia." 
Through many years, to use the language of a past adju- 
tant-general, the militia were in a " deranged and de- 
graded condition," and in 1837, there were but few 
regularly organized regiments in the State, many of the 
companies being mutually disbanded on account of a lax- 
ity of interest. The celebrated Warren Phalanx, the first 
company in the Fifth from 1804 until the above date, 
broke up about this time, and for two or three years re- 
ceived its regimental orders as " Colonel of — Light 

Infantry Regiment, 1st Brigade, 3d Division." 



Z HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

In 1840, by an act of Legislature, it was provided that 
the active militia of the Commonwealth should consist of 
volunteer companies of able bodied men between the 
ages of 18 and 45, who were to be enrolled by the asses- 
sors of each city and town. This law had the effect of 
enlarging the State force, although its discipline was no 
better than formerly. It is pleasant to chronicle the fact, 
that through all these years the Fifth bad been one of 
the most prosperous in the State, and though the regi- 
ment's number was changed in this year, 1840, it still 
retained the same companies, and was called the Fourth 
Regiment Light Infantry ; and the new Fifth regiment 
was composed of companies from the vicinity of Lowell. 
The regiment at this time was commanded by Col. Sam- 
uel P Smith, and was in the 3d Brigade, 2d Division, M. 
V M. 

In the year 1846, another reorganization of the State 
Militia occurred. At this time there was a union of en- 
rolled and active militia, and it was ordered that those 
companies not having more than 48 members should be 
disbanded. 

This law resulted in the disbandment of four compa- 
nies of the Fourth, " on account of reduction and num- 
bers, and inefficient condition." These companies were E, 
of Maiden, B and C, of Charlestown, and II, of South 
Reading. The following towns from the South Middle- 
sex district were at this time represented in the Fourth 
regiment : Concord, South Reading, Woburn, Medford, 
Framingham, Sudbury, Katick, Cambridge, Charlestown, 
and one company from Boston ; the latter was disbanded, 
however, in 1847 In 1853, or thereabouts, the Sudbury 
company was added to the Second Batallion, and a Som- 
erville company took its place. 

Up to 1855, there were three brigades in the State, and 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 3 

the regiments of Light Infantry composing them were in 
a more or less imperfect condition. There were periods, 
however, when the military ardor of the people waxed 
strong, and at the time of the reception of Kossuth, was 
in an almost perfect condition. 

The Fourth at this time wore the regular army uni- 
form, with the exception of the cap, which was plainer, and 
was ornamented with a blue and white five-inch pompon. 
The regiment participated in the reception of President 
Filmore, September 17, 1851, and on all great occasions 
turned out as many men as any other organization. They 
numbered about this time 400, rank and file. 

The "Bloody Fourth," so styled, was probably the 
richest in point of its members' means, and stood ahead 
of the other regiments for a long time, both in discipline 
and numbers. From the ranks of the regiment have 
sprung some of the great men of our present time, and 
" the fast young men " of the old militia eventually be- 
came the governors and statesmen of a later period. How 
many stories could be told of the old encampments. Es- 
pecially to be remembered are those of Lowell for its in- 
tense heat, and Winter Island for the cold weather ; and 
there was the grand muster at Concord, with the mag- 
nificent display as the militia passed in review before 
Governor Banks ; and it is doubtless fresh in the minds of 
many of the old militia how strict (?) were the duties im- 
posed on them while in camp. It has been proved, how- 
ever, that for all the "royal times at muster" and the 
" play soldier " events that occurred to our old militia, 
that the long roll of the late war called many of them to 
their eternal rest, and by their deeds they have forever 
placed the standard of the militia and its necessity as a 
State force beyond the harm of politicians and dema- 
gogues. 



4 HISTOEY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

The entire militia of the State usually encamped to- 
gether for two days in the fall of the year, and the records 
state that during the muster at Lowell in 1851, it was the 
largest ever held in the State. At this encampment there 
was a regimental prize drill, and as the clay was hot on 
which it occurred, Colonel J. Durrell Green, of the 4th 
Light Infantry, appeared on the field with the entire regi- 
ment in shirt sleeves and fatigue caps, and by his ardor 
and control of his men won the prize. 

The regiment had as competitors the 1st, 6th and 7th 
Light Infantry regiments, which were composed of very 
good material, and were, at that time, doubtless as efficient, 
and often met each other on parades and inspections, as 
well as at encampments. 

The Repeal of the Militia Law — Reorgan- 
ization. 

There was great excitement in 1854 and 1855, concern- 
ing the militia, which resulted in the reorganization of the 
Fourth and Fifth regiments. The Montgomery Guards 
were disbanded, and a complete revolution in the organ- 
ization of a State protective force was being agitated, 
and resulted in Walter Channing and 505 others petition- 
ing for a revision of the militia system of the Common- 
wealth, and also several other petitions and remonstrances 
relative thereto. 

" The repeal of the Militia Laws " was a thing greatly 
to be desired by a powerful class, who thought that 
though the millennial day of peace and virtue had not ar- 
rived, still they could rejoice at the gradual progress of 
those principles of truth, justice and humanity, under 
whose more full and genial reign arbitration should take 
the place of the battle-field, brutal force relax its mighty 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 5 

sway, and man assert the prerogative of his being — the 
triumph of moral over physical strength. 

A number of hearings were given at the State House 
in February, 1855, and there was at one time serious 
doubts as to whether the militia would continue as such. 
Among the most bitter opponents to the militia were the 
Hon. Chas. W Slack, of Boston, and Hon. Amasa Walker, 
of North Brookfield. At one of the hearings, the latter 
gentleman remarked that "the militia as at present or- 
ganized was a source of great demoralization, and encamp- 
ments are such, no one can deny this : it was not so bad 
at cattle-shows." He believed in an efficient organization 
of paid police, by the State, who should be armed in 
every town and city when needed, and the people to be 
taxed 2 per cent. He thought the militia were a body 
made for " the promotion of fast young men." 

The remonstrance was heard, and Col. William T. Gram- 
mer, of Woburn — the only real military man on the House 
special committee to whom the various petitions were re- 
ferred — General Jones, Colonel Wright, and others, by 
their manly efforts, gained their ends, and the long, vol- 
uminous report of the majority of the committee in favor 
of the repeal was substituted by the minority report of 
the committee, and it was voted that it " was deemed in- 
expedient to legislate," three to one. The following are 
the names of the important committee : Messrs. Lincoln, 
of Deerfield, Webster, of Chelsea, Rice, of Newton, 
Tarbell, of Boston, Munroe, of Boston, Field, of 
Shelburne, and Grammer, of Woburn. 

" Messrs. Monroe and Grammer reported that it was 
inexpedient to legislate on the subject, believing that the 
present military organization is as good as may be, and 
does not require any change." 

In 1855, Adjutant-General Stone s State report contains 



6 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

the following interesting statements, and it will be seen 
that this was the year when the Fifth became a permanent 
regiment, and remained nearly the same as relates to its 
numbers and location up to 1876. 
The reports read : 

" For the purpose of having the organization of the 
Volunteer Militia more in accordance with the acts of 
Congress, which prescribes, that the system of discipline 
and field exercises, which is and shall be ordered to be 
observed by the army of the U S., shall also be observed 
by the militia throughout the U. S., the following com- 
munication proposing certain changes in the organization 
of the Volunteer Militia was presented to the Governor 
and Council, Feb. 28, 1855." 

'• The proposed changes were adopted by the Governor 
and Council, as appears by General Order, JSov. 4, 1855." 

Artillery and Infantry. 

"The present organization and arrangement of Vol- 
unteer Militia is inconsistent in its designation as "Artil- 
lery" and kk JAyht Lij'<nitr//," inasmuch as the troops there 
designated are by the existing laws required to be armed 
and drilled as Infantry. That the interest of the 

service requires the disbandment of some regiments in 
consequence of small numbers of companies in said regi- 
ments." 

Relating to the Fifth, we quote the following : 

THIRD BRIGADE. 
" Disband the First Regiment of Artillery and Fourth 
and Fifth Regiments of Light Infantry, and organize the 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER, MILITIA. 7 

companies of Artillery and Light Infantry in the follow- 
ing cities, viz. : Charlestown, Cambridge, Somerville, 
Woburn, Winchester, Concord and Waltham into a regi- 
ment to be known as the Fifth Regiment of Infantry." 

Under this regime the Fifth appeared at the fall mus- 
ter. The State Reports of this encampment says of the 
Fifth : " The Fifth appeared at the fall encampment, un- 
der command of Col. Chas. B. Rogers, and is a recent 
organization, composed of Infantry from Charlestown, 
Cambridge, Somerville, Woburn, Winchester, Concord 
and Waltham. The regiment looked finely, and is an 
honor to this State." 

Following are the companies of Infantry composing 
the new Fifth, with the date of organization and the first 
captain of each company: 

Co. A, Concord. Organized as Artillery 1804. Capt. Thomas Heald. 

Co. B, Somerville. " Infantry 1853. Capt. G. O. Brastow. 

Co. C, Waltham. " " " 

Co. D, Charlestown.* " Art., (1786) 1831. Capt. J. M. Robertson. 

Co. E, Winchester.! " Infantry 1851. Capt. F. O. Prince. 

Co. F, Cambridge " " 1849. Capt. J. D. Green. 

Co. G, Woburn. " " 1835. Capt. S. B. White. 

Co. H, Chariestown. " " 1850. Capt. G. P. Sanger. 

There was a company from Watertown belonging to 
this regiment later, called Co. C, and was organized in 
1786 as Artillery, and was first commanded by Captain 
Ebenezer Kent. 

Commanders of the Fourth Regiment Light Infantry 
from 1841 up to the reorganization, 1855 : 

Colonel Charles Carter, Woburn, July 31, 1841, Sept., 1844. 
Colonel Royal Douglass, Cambridgeport, Oct., 1844, May, 1847. 
Colonel Samuel Blanchard, Medford, July 31, Sept., 1848. 
Colonel Moses F. Winn, Woburn, Sept., 1848, May, 1850. 
Colonel J. Durrell Green, Cambridge, Jan., 1851, Feb., 1855. 

* Co. D, transferred from Fourth as Co. H, of Fifth, 
t Co. E, transferred to Medford. 



8 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Col. J Durrell Green was elected Colonel of the Fifth 
at the time of reorganization, and his appointment bears 
date March 31, 1855, but as he " refused to qualify," 
Colonel Charles B. Rogers was commissioned July 7, 

1855. 



Col. Charles B. Rogers. 

1st Colonel Fifth Regiment, M. V M. 

Colonel Rogers was for many years a leading apothecary 
in Charlestown, and was early identified with the Charles- 
town City Guards. In this company he held various 
offices, including the captaincy. He also held other regi- 
mental offices, and was the first Colonel of the Fifth un- 
der the new organization of the State Militia, his com- 
mission bearing date July 7th, 1855. That he was a 
thorough disciplinarian, and brought the regiment into 
favorable notice, is on record in the Adjutant-General's 
reports. During his term of command the regiment 
became one of the most popular in the State, and his 
retirement from the service was deeply regretted by all. 

War Record of the Fifth — The First Three 
Months Troops. 

The Fifth grew in numbers and discipline, and at the 
breaking out of the great civil war were in a condition to 
respond to the call of " Father Abraham " for " seventy- 
five thousand strong." 

The early pages of the history of the rebellion of 1860 
will show, amidst the darkest and most revolting instances 
of treason and national corruption, the most glowing 
examples of patriotism, and the sublimest heroism. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 9 

The people of Massachusetts were alive to the impor- 
tance of the events of the clay, and one common voice 
seemed to say : 

Men ! — if manhood still ye claim, 

If the Northern pulse can thrill, 
Roused by wrong or stung by shame, 

Freely, strongly still ! — 
Let the sounds of traffic die ; 

Shut the mill-gate — leave the stall — 
Fling the ax and hammer by — 

Throng to Faneuil Hall. —Whittier. 

Among the few Massachusetts regiments who had the 
honor to be first in the movement to arms, the Fifth is 
conspicuous. 

The national call was for three months men, but as the 
record shows, when the three months expired (July 19, 
1861), the regiment found itself on the soil of Virginia, 
before the enemy, and at a time when its services, en- 
hanced tenfold by its discipline and acquaintance with the 
"situation," were valuable to the country. In this criti- 
cal hour there was no voice for returning home. 

At a meeting held on the 15th of April, 1861, it was 
voted to tender the services of the regiment to the Com- 
mander-in-Chief, and on the 17th, the regiment was ordered 
to hold itself in readiness for duty. On the 19th, orders 
were issued to report for duty, and the following compa- 
nies were attached to the Fifth Regiment : Company H, 
of the First, and Companies B, E, G, and H, of the Sev- 
enth. The companies were received at Faneuil Hall by 
an enthusiastic people. Only partially equipped, the reg- 
iment left on Sunday, the 21st, at 4 o'clock, A. M., for 
Washington. The Boston Daily Advertiser said at that 
time: "This regiment will shed glory on the old Com- 
monwealth, whose honor she is so ready to sustain. Fol- 



10 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

lowing the example of their unassuming commander. Col. 
Lawrence, the companies are arrayed in serviceable uni- 
forms, fatigue caps, and, freed from all paraphernalia, 
which are but the pride, pomp, and circumstance of war. 
As the cars passed rapidly through the center of the old 
Bay State on this, the Sabbath day, its progress was viewed 
with favor by all, and no tithing-man attempted to arrest 
them."' 

The journey of the Fifth was one continuous ovation, 
ringing of bells, roaring of cannon, music and cheering. 
E} _ es streamed fervent tears, and the " God bless you " 
was frequently heard, and told the intensity of feeling on 
the part of the people. At Meriden, Connecticut, also 
New Haven and Bridgeport, the regiment were treated in 
glorious shape. 

On their arrival at Washington, the regiment was quar- 
tered in the Treasury Building. The following is a part 
of a diary of events from that period: 

Apr. :}'■](]. The baggage arrived. The President visited 
the regiment. 

May 1st Mustered in to Tinted Slates army, and re- 
viewed by the President. 

24th. Squad and company drill, as well as regimental 
drills, have brought us to a high state of discipline. 

-oth. Ivcgimcnt ordered out to Alexandria, it being 
expected that an attack would be made in that direction. 
The enthusiasm of the men was intense. All the men 
were soon on the way to meet the rebels. General Mans- 
field highly complimented the regiment, declaring that he 
had " never witnessed a similar order more speedily and 
promptly executed." They crossed the Long Bridge at 
midnight. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MrLITIA. 11 

26th. The regiment are encamped, and have called 
their camp "Camp Andrew," in honor of His Excellency 
the Governor of Massachusetts. 

29th. Orders received to be ready to march at a mo- 
ment's warning. 

June 14. Reviewed by President Lincoln and Cahinet. 
We are called the " Steady Fifth," on account of gentle- 
manly conduct and soldierly bearing. 

17th of June. This was a memorable day, and those 
who were awoke in the morning at 2 o'clock, by the 
sound of the long roll, will never forget it. The men were 
sleeping soundly at the time, and in ten minutes from the 
time the drums began to beat, the regimental line was 
formed. Co. H gave a grand dinner this clay. 

Foe Bunker Hill. 

[Dedicated to the Bunker Hill Company (Company H) Charlestown 
City Guard, at Washington, D. C, by Geo. M. Dowe, June 17, 1861.J 

1. 

'Tho' many miles away 

From homes and friends to-day, 

We're cheerful still ; 
For brothers side by side 
We stand with manly pride 
Beneath the shadow wide 

Of Bunker Hill. 

2. 
The memory of that spot 
Ne'er by one man forgot 

Protects us here : 
We feel an influence, lent 
From its proud monument — 
By freedom's angel sent 

Our souls to cheer. 

3. 
If o'er the darkening sky 
The piercing battle-cry 
Shall sound its call, 



12 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

God of our native land 
Be with this little band ; 
Columbia's guardian stand 
By one and all. 



By all that blesses life — 

While ranked in freedom's strife 

With right good will, 
For victory we'll try — 
With hope and daring high — 
Our cheers shall rend the sky 

For Bunker Hill. 

Five hundred copies of this poem were printed and 
distributed through the various camps, and the song was 
sung with great spirit on all occasions. 

July 13th. The regiment ordered to pack personal 
baggage, and store it at Alexandria, in anticipation of a 
march. 

10th. The knapsacks were packed and left in camp. 
"With three days rations, and in light marching order, we 
crossed Shnter Hill, and with the other regiments of the 
brigade, took up the line of march for Ccnterville. The 
Fifth, in Col. Franklin's brigade, having been honored 
with the right of division, was at the head of the column, 
under Col. Heintzehnan. At 7 o'clock the regiment 
halted, and pre] tared to bivouac during the night. At 
8i o'clock an alarm was given, and several prisoners were 
brouqht in. 

17th. The march was resumed at 7 p. M., with Com- 
panies A and K as skirmishers. The troops proceeded 
cautiously, the pioneers cutting away large trees obstruct- 
ing the road. At noon, Co. C was sent in advance as 
skirmishers, to relieve Co. K. Rebels were frequently 
seen, but out of range. The secession pickets soon spread 
the alarm, and the whole country was soon aroused. At 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 13 

one point the advance guard were fired upon by the 
enemy, but fled, leaving their guns, etc., as mementoes 
for our men. At 3 P. M., the troops reached Sangster's 
Station, on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. The 
enemy had flown, and our troops were disappointed. 
The regiment bivouacked in a new mown field, on the 
edge of a pine wood, enjoying their sleep very much. 

18th. Co. D have an encounter on a reconnoiter, and 
kill one of the enemy's pickets. 

20th. At half-past two o'clock, p. m., orders were re- 
ceived to prepare for an advance, and three clays' rations 
were distributed. The order to march at six was changed 
to midnight. 

21st. At quarter-past one, A. m., the command came to 
"fall in lively." The regiment was soon on the march to 
Bull Run. The Fifth, after a double quick of several miles, 
halted at 11 o'clock. The general engagement had al- 
ready begun, and in a few moments the order was given 
to cross the ford. Soon the order came, "Fifth Mass. for- 
ward double-quick, march ! " Taking position on the 
brow of a hill, they fired at the retreating enemy, but 
were compelled to leave their place, a rebel battery get- 
ting range on them. 

A writer says, who saw the Fifth on the field : "I saw 
the Mass. Fifth in their dark uniform and their steady 
advance under the enemy's fire of shot and shell ; I no- 
ticed them some distance off; they came into the field by a 
flank movement, and then into column, with as much cool- 
ness as if they had been on an ordinary muster-field. They 
had to pass over an open field exposed to the full force 
of the rebel batteries, but they did not waver in the least. 
On the brow of the hill I first saw their Colonel [Law- 
rence] at their head. He is a tall and slim man, with dark 



14 HISTORY OF THE FrFTH REGIMENT 

hair. He is quite young, not more than twenty-five. They 
took their places, and fought bravely." 

The regiment went through the severest part of the 
fight, and returned to Washington. After marching a 
full day's journey before reaching the battle-field, had 
fought on the field about five hours, had retreated over 
the route marched in the A. M., and were now ordered to 
march back to Washington, a distance of about twenty- 
five miles ; a truly hard day's work. 

30th July Arrived in Boston, where the excitement 
was intense. Streets and buildings were covered with 
people. Their march to the Common was one continued 
ovation. 

Among the fvw regiments who for three months left 
their common callings, and girded on the armor for their 
country's defence, none can boast a fairer record than the 
Muss. Fifth. 

Col. Lawrence and man v other members of the Fifth, 
were severely wounded during the eventful battle of Bull 
Run. 

(Jknkual Samuel Crocker Lawrence. 

•_M Colonel of the Fifth Ko-iment, M. V- M. 

Samuel Crocker Lawrence was born in Mcdford, Mass- 
achusetts, Nov. 22, 1So2. He received his early educa- 
tion in the public schools of this staid and respectable old 
town, with the exception that he spent a short period at 
Groton Academy. Intended by his father to succeed to a 
share of his business, young Lawrence at the ao-e of 16 
took his place in the paternal counting-room. But he had 
early manifested an inclination for study, and his father 





OUA^I /d^i^< 




£L<AJ~y-&^>-JZLjZ. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 15 

wisely yielded to his wishes, and after a short term of pri- 
vate study, he entered Harvard University. 

While in college he gained the respect and esteem of 
his classmates and instructors by his studious and gentle- 
manly demeanor. He was graduated with honor in 1855. 

On leaving college, he determined to devote himself to 
business pursuits, and after a short interval, he became a 
member of a banking firm in Chicago. Here he remained 
for two years, and by the manliness and straight-forward- 
ness of his character, rapidly secured the regard and con- 
fidence of the community in which he lived. He passed 
unscathed through the terrible monetary crisis of 1857 ; 
but foreseeing the difficulty of doing a safe business in 
the then depreciated and fluctuating Western currency, 
he yielded to the attractions of better prospects at home, 
and returning to Massachusetts, became a member of the 
well-known house of Daniel Lawrence & Sons. Since 
then he has given attention to the general management of 
the business of the firm in Boston, besides devoting his 
energies to the development of man)' enterprises, some of 
a private, and others of a public nature, in which his ef- 
forts have been attended with unusual success. Com- 
mencing with this brief outline of General Lawrence's 
business life — always an essential part of a biographical 
sketch, but in this instance, perhaps, of less interest, from 
the fact of its uniform prosperity — we tarn to a portion 
of his career which entitles him to honorable mention 
among the brave and patriotic young men who gave their 
swords to the defence of their country in the late rebel- 
lion. Young Lawrence had manifested an early predilec- 
tion for military exercises. While a scholar at Groton 
Academy, he had been chosen commander of the boys' 
corps attached to that institution, and had gained unusual 



16 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

credit for his proficiency in drill, and his ready apprehen- 
sion of the duties of a commanding officer. Later, while 
he was pursuing his studies at Cambridge, a military com- 
pany was organized in Medford, named in honor of his 
father, " The Lawrence Light Guard." Of this company 
he immediately became a member, and by rapid promotion 
captain, in 1856. 

Still rising in the grades of the State service, he was 
commissioned Major of the Fifth Regiment Massachu- 
setts Volunteers, in 1859, and Colonel of the same regi- 
ment in 1860. 

The "Lawrence Light Guard" have a war record un- 
matched in the history of any volunteer organization in 
the country. 

On the loth of April, 1861, immediately after the re- 
ceipt of the news of the attack on Fort Sumter, Colonel 
Lawrence, fired with patriotic ardor, tendered his regiment 
to Governor Andrew, and was soon ordered to report for 
duty He started for Washington on the 21st of the same 
month, and using all possible despatch, arrived in that 
city with his command. Here his zeal and efficiency were 
at once recognized, and in the performance of the respon- 
sible duties which were devolved upon him in and about 
Washington, he enjo^yed the confidence of the national au- 
thorities, and of his superior officers. He brought his 
regiment to a state of drill and discipline which was the 
subject of high encomium, and with his command ren- 
dered important service in strengthening the defence and 
guarding the approaches of the capital. Although the 
period of their term of service had expired, he was pres- 
ent with his regiment at the battle of Bull Run, and gal- 
lantly maintained an advanced position, in front of the 
enemies' batteries, tu the close of the battle. It was then 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 17 

that Colonel Lawrence was wounded and carried off the 
field. 

His regiment, with its color-bearer killed, and other se- 
vere losses, retreated to Centerville, and thence to Wash- 
ington, and after a short interval, was ordered home. 
Colonel Lawrence, although suffering much from his 
wound, returned with his command ; and on their arrival 
home, the Fifth, with its commander, received an enthusi- 
astic ovation from the people of Boston and the neighbor- 
ing towns. The impaired condition of Colonel Lawrence's 
health forbade his seeking employment in the field. This 
was to him a source of keen, and we may well say, just 
regret, for there can be little question that his military ex- 
perience, uniformly correct bearing, sound judgment and 
executive ability, would have made him an eminently use- 
ful and trustworthy officer in the subsequent operations 
of the war. The next year, however, on the receipt of 
the intelligence of the terrible disasters which occurred to 
our arms in the Shenandoah Valley, he again reported at 
Boston, with his command, ready for active duty ; but the 
threatened attack on Washington having been abandoned, 
the troops were dismissed. 

He was promoted Brigadier General in the State service 
in 1862, retiring from the position in 18*54. A few years 
later he received a flattering proof of the personal regard 
in which he was held by his brother officers of the mili- 
tary of the State in his election to the office of Commander 
of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company. 

—[From J. F. Trows Boston, Past and Present. 



18 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Roster of the First Three Months Troops, Fifth 
Regiment Volunteer Militia. 



Colonel, 
Lieutenant-Colonel, 

Major, 

Quartermaster, 
Paymaster, 
Surgeon, 
Surgeon's Mate, 

a a 

Chaplain, 
Sergeant Major, 
Quarter-Master, 
Drum Major, 
Hospital Steward, 
Adjutant-Sergt., 

Fife Major, 



Samuel C. Lawrence, 

J. DUREELL GEEEN, 1 

Geoege H. Peieson, 2 
Hamlin W Keyes, 3 
John T. Boyd, 4 
Joseph E. Billings, 
G. Fosteb Hodges, 
Samuel H. Hued, 
HeneyW Mitchell, 7 
William W Keene, jr., 8 
Benjamin F. DeCosta, 
Henby A. Quincy, 
Sergeant Samuel C. Hunt, 
Chaeles Fosteb, 
Nathan D. Paekee, 
Thomas O. Baeei, 5 
John G. Chambebs, 6 . 
Feeeman Field, 



Medford. 

Cambridge. 

Salem. 

Boston. 

Charlestown. 

Boston. 

Eoxbury. 

Charlestown. 

East Bridgewater. 

Charlestown. 

Charlestown. 

Charlestown. 

Charlestown. 

Charlestown. 

Charlestown. 

Cambridgeport. 

Medford. 



Total, Field and Staff, 



Commanders of Companies. 



A, Salem, 

B, South Reading, 

C, Charlestown, 

D, Haverhill, 

E, Medford, 

F, Boston, 

G, Concord, 
II, Salem, 

I, Somerville, 

K, Charlestown. 



Edw. H. Staten, 9 
John W. Locke, 
William R. Swan, 

C. P. Messee, 
John Hutchins, 

D. K. Waedwell, 
Geoege L. Peescott, 
Henry Danfoetii, 
George O. Brastow, 
John B. Norton, 10 



17 



MEN". 

92 

78 
85 
80 
84 
77 
82 
74 
80 
74 

823 



1 Appointed in United States Army, June 25, 1861. 

2 Served as Capt. Co. A, to July 5, 1861. 

3 Appointed Capt. United States Army, June 26, 1861. 

4 Served as Capt. Co. K, to July 5, 1861. 

5 Appointed Capt. United States Army, July s, 1861. 

6 Served as 1st Lieutenant to E, July 8, 1861. 

7 Transferred to New York Zouaves, July 1, 1861. 

8 Appointed at Washington, D. C. 

9 Appointed at Washington, D. C. 

10 Pr&moted from Lieutenant, July 7, 1861. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



19 



Company A. 



Captain, George H. Peirson. 
" Edward H. Staten. 

1st Lieut., Edward H. Staten. 
" " Lewis E. Wentworth. 
2d Lieut., Lewis E. Wentworth. 
" " Charles D. Stiles. 
1st Sergt., Charles D. Stiles. 

John H. Estes. 

Benjamin K. Brown. 

David N. Jeffrey. 

Albert S. C. Lowd. 
Corporals, John W Hart. 

James H. Sleeper. 

Joseph M. Parsons. 

John F. Clarke. 
Priv'ts, Adams, Charles P. 
Allen, Charles W. 
Bailey, Edwin 
Briggs, Henry T.* 
Burrows, William 
Burton, Jacob 
Buxton, George B. 
Buxton, George F. 
Buxton, Samuel H. 
Cate, Samuel A.* 
Chipman, Charles G. 
Clemens, William H. 
Crane, Albert J. 
Crosby, Lyman D. 
Crowell, George M. 
Daniels, John B. 
Davenport, David 
Davidson, Henry 
Davis, Charles W. 
Dodge, Charles W 
Dominick, Joseph 
Doust, Joshua W. 
Drown, William P 
Ford, John F. 
Fuller, George H. 
Gardner, Abel 
Gardner, Charles W. 
Gardner, William H. 
Giles, Charles H. 
Gilman, John T. 
Glidden, Joseph H. 
Gwinn, Charles H. 
Hildreth, Elbridge H. 



Priv'ts, Hill, James 

Howard, John H. 
Hurd, William H. 
Kehew, John H. 
Leavitt, Israel P. 
Leonard, James 
Libby, Henry 
Lufkin, William 
Mansfield, John R. 
Maxfield, James, jr. 
Melcher, Levi L. 
Moore, Dennison P. 
Morse, George W. 
Moser, John H. 
Moses, James 
Moulton, Henry W 
Munroe, Stephen N. 
Munsey, Joseph C. 
Nimblet, Benjamin F. 
North, James D. 
Osborn, John H. 
Osborn, Laben S. 
Palmer, William H. 
Patten, James M. 
Peabody, William M. 
Perry, Henry W- 
Phippen, Charles H. 
Poor, James, jr. 
Pousland, John H. 
Pratt, Calvin L. 
Pratt, Lewis B. 
Bicker, Charles W. 
Bix, Asa W S. 
Semons, Francis A. 
Sloper, Henry 
Sloper, William A. 
Smith, Henry J. 
Smith, Robert 
Stiles, William W- 
Symonds, Nathaniel A. 
Tufts, Rufus W. 
Warren, Edward J. 
Webber, Mendall S. 
Weeks, William H. 
West, George 
Wheeler, Samuel B. 
Williams, Charles A. 
Wilson, James. 



•20 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company B. 



Captain, John W. Locke. 
1st Lieut., Charles H. Shepard. 
2d " James D. Draper. 
1st Sergt., George W Townsend. 
Jason H. Knight. 
Benjamin F. Barnard. 
George W Aborn.* 
Corporals, William E. Ransom. 
James H. Sweetser. 
George H. Green. 
James A. Burditt. 
Musicians, Alvin Drake, jr. 

William Y Yaux, 
Priv'ts, Abbott, Ormel G. 

Adams, Oliver S. 

Anderson, Charles E. 

Anderson, James H. 

Batchelder, George W. 

Baker, Samuel S. 

Beckwith, Robert S. 

Bixby, Hiram 

Burditt George A. 

Coney, John S. 

Cook, Jona, jr. 

Dix, Joseph O. 

Eaton, Alvin A. 

Eustis, Henry AY 

Eustis, Joseph S. 

Fairbanks, James M. 

Fletcher, Charles N. 

Foster, Davis 

Griggs, James H.* 

Harrington, Charles T. 

Hart, John F. 

Hartwell, Albert A. 

Hayden, Frank W. 

Hayden, William H. 

Hay ward, Alexander M. 

Hosmer, Oliver H. 

Wyman, 



Priv'ts, Hoyt, Henry D. 

Kidder, George H. 
Lord, Byron 
Lord, George H. 
McGee, Edward 
McKay, Gordon 
McKay, Thomas M. 
McKenzie, John 
Morrell, James M. 
Moses, George 
Nichols, George W. 
Parker, N. D. 
Parker, AA r illiam D. 
Parsons, Benjamin AA r 
Peterson, Leonard 
Pratt, Edwin 
Rahr, Christian E. 
Rayner, John 
Rayner, Ozias 
Robinson, Charles H. 
Roundy, John D. 
Sherman, William H. 
Smith, Thomas 
Stevens, John R. 
Sweetser, Olive S. 
Swcetser, Thomas 
Thompson, Charles 
Thompson, John F. 
Tibbitts, Charles II. 
Tibbitts, Frank L.* 
Twiss, Adoniram J. 
Tyler, William N". 
Walker, William H. 
AA T ardwell, Henry F. 
Warren, Horace M. 
Weston, Robert H. 
Wiley, Joseph E. 
Wiley, William 
AAllkins, Edward L. 

William. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



21 



Company C. 

Captain, William B. Swan. Priv'ts, 

1st Lieut., Phineas H. Tibbetts. 
2d " John AV. Eose. 
3d " Hannibal D. Norton. 
4th " George H. Harden, jr. 
1st Sergt., Thomas F. Howard. 
Charles -W. Strout. 
James H. Eose. 
Charles P. Whittle. 
Corporals, Samuel D. Holbrook, jr. 
Henry AV. Copps. 
Joseph Bell. 
Valentice Wallberg. 
Musician, George Oakley. 
Priv'ts, Ash, AVilliam G. 

Blood, Hiram 

Branch, Hiram 

Chamberlain, John H. 

Chase, Charles L. 

Chell, George 

Cheslyn, Richard W. 

Clark, John AV. 

Clark, Stephen M. 

Cobleigh, Charles C. 

Colburn, Charles F. 

Connor, Thomas 

Craig, Thomas F. 

Cross, George AY 

Davis, Charles L. 

Davis, George AA r . 

Davis, George W. G. 

Dean, John 

Dickey, Neal S. 

Doyle, William J. 

D wight, Joseph F. 

Fales, Lou ell E. 

Fitzpatrick, Thomas B. M. 

Foster, Edward * 

Fox, Edward 

French, William C. 

Gabriel, AVilliam E. 

Gammon, Charles E. 

Zoller, George 



Gifford, Albert D. 
Gossom, Elijah D. 
Grant, Melvill C. 
Hatton, James 
Hayes, AVilliam 
Herman, Conrad, jr. 
Hobert, George AA T . 
Jones, Melville D. 
Kilborn, Albert 
Kilham, George AV 
Lake, Alpheus A. 
Lane, Frank AV. 
Leslie, Albert S. 
Lincoln, Joshua W- 
Lord, Charles L. 
McLoud, John D. 
Mclntire, John C. 
Miller, Eugene J. 
Morrison, Daniel P. 
Nichols, Charles H. 
Norton, George 
Oakman, Winslow 
Peeler, Albert 
Penney, Charles H. 
Perham, Albion B. 
Pfaff, Francis W. 
Pratt, John M. 
Quinn, Maurice F. 
Eeed, Freeman H. 
Richardson, Alba 
Robertson, John 
Rowe, Charles A. 
Selvey, William 
Smith, Lewis 
Stone, Horace P., jr. 
Sullivan, Humphrey, jr. 
Wade, James P. 
White, William H. 
Willan, Thomas 
Worthen, R. Harvey 
Worton, Bernard 
Yendley, Joseph B. 
H. 



22 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company D. 



Captain, Cavlos P. Messer. 
1st Lieut., George J. Dean. 
2d " Daniel F. Smith. 

3d " Charles H. P. Palmer. 
4th " Thomas P. Salter. 
1st Sergt., John J. Thompson. 
George W. Edwards. 
James M. Palmer. 
John F. Mills. 
Corporals, William Salter. 

George W Wallace. 
VanBuren Hoyt. 
Daniel J. Haynes. 
Musicians, John E. Mills. 

Leonard Sawyer, jr. 
Orlando S. Wight. 
Priv'ts, Bickford, Eben B. 

Bowen, Charles 

Bromley, Lyman P. 

Bromley, Orin B. 

Burnham, Charles 

Bus well, George P. 

Caswell, Joseph A. 

Chandler, Samuel A. 

Colhy, John, jr. 

Coles, Thomas, J. 

Collins, Enos 

Collins, Hiram S.t 

Cook, William P. 

Davis, Stephen 

Dorson, Frank 

Dodge, George S. 

Dodge, Orrison J. 

Edwards, Nathaniel M. 

Ellison, Horace 

Emerson, Edward H. 

Fogg, George F. 

Foster, George B. 

Fowler, Samuel W. 

Frost, James 



Privt's, Gould, Albert H. 
Gould, Koyal D. 
Greenleaf, Matthew M. 
Gushee, Franklin A. 
Hatch, Joshua, jr. 
Hersum, Greenleaf 
Holmes, Varnum E. 
Jackson, Hiram H. 
Judge, Charles W 
Kaler, Cornelius 
Keif, Thomas 
Kiernan, Frank T. 
Knowles, Charles K. 
Livingston, Murray V 
Meserve, Ehenezer 
Mills, Charles E. 
Mills, William W 
Murch, Charles 
Noyes, Ariel S. 
Osgood, Joseph H. 
Parmelee, Henry H. 
Pecker, John B. 
Philbrook, David T. 
Phillips, Leonard W 
Ray, Albert F. 
Richards, J. Fitz 
Rogers, Tristum G. 
Shaw, James A.* 
Shute, Alonzo M. 
Smith, Henry J. 
Smith, Nahum F. 
Stanley, Harrison 
Steele, William H. 
Stimpson, John F. 
Stowe, Andrew F. 
Taylor, Henry, 
Tuttle, Hiram O. 
Watkins, Charles L. 
Webber, Wellington B. 
Wyman, George P. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



23 



Company E. 



Captain, John Hutchins. 
1st Lieut., John G. Chambers. 
2d " Perry Colman. 
3d " William H. Pattee. 
1st Sergt., Isaac F. R. Hosea. 
Samuel M. Stevens. 
James A. Bailey. 
William H. Lawrence, t 
Corporals, Sanford Booker. 

William J. Croker. 
Benjamin Moore. 
Luther F. Brooks. 
Musician, Richard Pitts. 
Privt's, Alden, William F. 

Aldrich, William H. H. 

Austin, Ebenezer V. 

Barri, Martin V. B. 

Benham, Daniel 

Bisbee, Horatio, jr. 

Bishop, John 

Booker, George D. 

Bradden, Angus 

Bragdon, Stephen M. 

Burbank, William H. 

Carr, John P. 

Carr, Royal S. 

Cheney, Daniel S. 

Clapp, Meletiah O. 

Currier, Sydney 

Curtis, Frank J. 

Cushing, Henry H. D. 

Cushing, Pyam, jr. 

Dane, William H. 

Davis, Joseph 

Davis, William L. 

Dede, Herman 

Dow, Albert F. 

Duckerell, William J. 

Eames, John II. 

Emerson, William B. F. 

Fletcher, Joel M. 

Fletcher, Stephen W 



Priv'ts, Fowler, Stephen D. 
Ginn, James F. 
Hadley, Charles R. 
Haskell, Alfred 
Hawkins, H. M. 
Holman, H. A. 
Hoyt, J. H.* 
Ireland, H. A., jr. 
Jacobs, H. B. 
Keen, L. H. 
Kuhn, Charles H. 
Lawrence, L. P. 
Lewis, A. B. 
Loring, Freeman 
Lord, Lewis O. 
Manning, J. 
Mills, P. C. 
Morrison, I. T. 
Palmer, E. J. 
Peak, George E. 
Pearsons, Jonas M. 
Pierce, Elisha N. 
Prouty, William L. 
Ramsdell, Emery W 
Reed, Henry F 
Richards, Manville F. 
Richardson, Caleb T. 
Robertson, Edwin H. 
Russell, Charles 
Russell, Hubbard, jr. 
Sawyer, George 
Sherman, Gilbert B. 
Smith, Jones L. 
Smith, Joseph 
Taylor, James H. 
Teel, George E. 
Thorpe, Alfred M. 
Tufts, Augustus 
Tupper, George F. 
Turner, James H. R. 
Turner, Samuel H. 
Usher, James F. 



24 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



COMPAKT F 



Captain, David K. Wardwell. 
1st Lieut., Jacob H. Sleeper. 



2d " George G.Stoddard. 
3d " Horace P. Williams. 
4th " Horatio N. Holbrook. 
1st Sergt., Frederick K. Field. 
G. W. R. Hill. 
Calvin S. Mixter. 
Dominicus T. Wardwell. 
Charles W. Cassebourne. 
Corporals, Samuel Richards. 
Solomon Low. 
Samuel W Tuck. 
Stephen Brendal. 
Musicians, William S. Bean. 

James I-I. Newell. 
Priv'ts, Beal, James A. 
Brady, John G. 
Coleman, Lewis E. G. 
Connolly, Hugh 
( 'ook, John 
Courtney, Daniel G. 
Crowley, 1 )aniel 
Danforth, .Joseph C. 
Dnil-c. Charles S. 
Podge, John S. 
Emerson, Albert (). 
Ferguson, David 
Fitzpatviek, Daniel 
Foley, Patrick W. 
Ford, Henry \V. 
Forest, Moses 
Gattley, Patrick 
Gile, Phinando 
Goreham, Charles E. 
Hettler, Thomas t 
Hanham, William C. 
Harvey, James A. 



Priv'ts, Hatch, Edward K. 
Healey, Patrick G. 
Hill, Joseph C 
Hoyt, David W. 
Lamos, Charles T. 
Leighton, Nehemiah 
Low, Isaac M.t 
May, William O. 
McDevitt, William 
McSweeney, Bernard * 
Mooney, James 
Maurice, George O. 
Morse, George E. 
Nichols, Robert F. 
O'Hara, Stephen* 
Richardson, William H.t 
Reed, James H. 
Riley, Hugh F. 
Rohy, George W. 
Rogers, James 
Ryan, William P. 
Schneider, Jacob 
Smith, Sanford A. 
Snow, Henry 
Spinney, Robert M. 
Stetson, Joseph 
Steward, Charles W- 
Sullivan, B. 
Taylor, Owen 
Wallace, Henry D. 
Warren, Joseph G. 
Warren, Thomas A. 
Wardwell, Cyrus F.* 
White, \V. B. 
Wiggin, Isaac II. 
Wilson, William H. 
Williams, Edward G.t 
Yeager, Charles H. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



25 



Company G. 



Captain, George L, Prescott. 

1st Lieut., Joseph Derby, jr. 

2d " Humphrey H. Buttrick. 

3d " Charles Bowers. 

1st Sergt., George F. Hall. 

George W Lauriat. 
William S. Rice.* 
Cyrus Hosmer.* 
Corporals, Stephen H. Reynolds. 
Francis M. Gregory. 
George Buttrick. 
Samuel S. Wood. 
Priv'ts, Bates, William C* 

Ball, George H. 

Ball, W. B. 

Bower, William 

Brown, Azro D. 

Brown, John, 2d. 

Brown, William A. 

Brackett, Edward J. 

Buttrick, Francis 

Carter, James W 

Clapp, William M. 

Clark, Richard R. 

Cormick, Peter, jr. 

Dalton, Jeremiah, jr. 

Dean, Joseph G. 

Dearing, Eugene W. 

Doyle, Thomas 

Farmer, Henry 

Farrar, Levi B. 

Fitzpatrick, Francis F> 

Garty, James 

Goodwin, James W. 

Gray, William H. 

Hatch, David G. 

Heald, Timothy F. 

Hooper, Thomas M. 

Hovey, Mason M. 

Jeffoards, Jona F. 

Johnson, Albert N. 



Priv'ts, Johnson, Charles A. 
Johnson, Henry 
Leathe, Josiah, jr. 
Iiivingston, B. F. 
Loring, Benjamin, jr. 
Lyons, John E. 
Maxfleld, John M. 
Melvin, Asa 
Messer, George E. 
Mulliken, Charles F. 
Nealy, Charles 
Osborn, Ira, jr. 
Pemberton, Robert 
Phelps, Edward F. 
Puffer, Charles 
Puffer, John S. 
Reynolds, Edward W. 
Rogers, John S. 
Robbins, E., jr. 
Robbins, Joseph N. 
Sampson, Lewis T. 
Sherman, George E. 
Smith, John W- 
Souther, George E. 
Stephenson, Thomas G. 
Taylor, W F. 
Tidd, John E. 
Ware, George 
Warland, Thomas F. 
Watts, Horatio C. 
Webb, Edward F. 
Wellington, Lowell, jr. 
Wheeler, Caleb H. 
Wheelen, Joseph 
Whitney, George T. 
Whittier, William P 
Wheeler, Edward S.* 
Wheeler, Henry L* 
Winn, Joseph E. 
Wright, Eugene 
Wyman, Joseph S. 



26 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company H. 



Captain, Henry F. Danforth. 
1st Lieut., Kirk Stark. 
2d " William F. Sumner. 
3d " George H. Wiley. 
4th " John E. Stone. 
1st Sei-gt., George S. Peach. 
B F. Pickering. 
John Pollock. 
Joseph B. Nay. 
Corporals, John A. Sumner. 
William Tobey. 
Elbridge H. Guilford. 
Peter A. Eamsdale. 
Musician, Joseph Anthony. 
Priv'ts, Berge, William R. 

Bickford, William F. 

Brown, George A. 

Bulger, James 

Chase, Charles W. 

Clark, Edward A. 

Clark, Sylvester 

Dow, George W.* 

Eaton, Alpheus 

Edwards, John L. 

Estes, John G. 

Farrell, William 

Fergurson, Samuel 

Gilford, David A. 

Gilford, "William F. 

G rover, James, jr. 

Hackett, Harrison 

Hart, George O. 

Hibbard, Curtiss A. 

Hines, John M. 

Hoyt, John A. 

Jones, Samuel 

Wilson, 



Priv'ts, Kehew, Francis A. 
Kehew, George 
Kelley, Edward 
Kelley, James W. 
Kelley, Thomas B. 
Lee, John W 
Leach, Harris 
Linehan, Dennis 
Lowe, James W. 
Marshal], Charles G. 
McDuffee, Hugh 
McFarland, Charles, 
Merrill, Henry O. 
Millett, B. Hardy 
Murphy, Thomas G. 
Parker, Oliver 
Parsons, Cyrus 
Peach, William, jr. 
Pierce, David H. 
Perkins, Joseph N. 
Quinn, John 
Richardson, Henry H. 
Richardson, William H. 
Rigss, Edgar M. 
Shanley, William* 
Teague, William H. 
Thompson, John N, 
Thompson, George A.t 
Trask, Henry 
Very, Herbert W. 
Webster, George 
White, Henry F. 
White, Thomas 
Wiley, Samuel 
Williams, Samuel W. 
Williams, William D. 
Jacob H. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



27 



Company I. 

Captain, George O. Brastow. Priv'ts, 
1st Lieut., William E. Kobinson. 
2d " Fred. K. Kingsley. 
1st Sergt., Walter C Bailey. 
John Harrington. 
William R. Corlew. 
John C. Watson. 
Corporals, Henry H. Robinson. 
James E. Paul. 
Isaac Barker, jr. 
William T. Eustis, 3d. 
Musicians, Sidney S. Whiting. 
Priv'ts, Adams, Albion 

Adams, John 

Andrews, George H. 

Andrews, John B. 

Andrews, Joseph H. 

Atwood, Hawes 

Bennett, Edwin C 

Binney, Henry M. 

Bird, Warren A. 

Bonner, Charles D. 

Brackett, Edward 

Brown, William B. 

Buckingham, Lynde W. 

Carr, William M. 

Caswell, Albert 

Crosby, Elkanah 

Davis, John E. 

Eaton, William B. 

Emery, Edward C. T. 

Eustis, Humphrey T. 

Garland, Benjamin F. 

Gilson, William T. 

Giles, John F. 

Giles, Joseph J. 

Glynn, Thomas 

Grandy, Henry E. 

Hannaford, Edward F.t 

Young, Joseph 



Hale, Joseph, jr. 
Hammond, Henry 
Harris, George F. 
Hodgdon, John K. 
Kodgkins, George A. S. 
Hodsdon, Alfred 
Hopkins, James R. 
Howe, Pliny R. 
Hyde, Richard J. 
Jenkins, Horatio, jr. 
Johnson, Joseph 
Judson, Oliver W. 
Kilburn, Charles 
Kinsley, Willard C. 
Moore, William F.J 
Mooney, Charles A. 
Nason, George W., jr. 
Nelson, N. Fletcher 
Paine, Joseph W. 
Parker, Joseph A., jr. 
Parker, Joseph H. 
Parker, Warren F. 
Parsons, Oscar 
Power, Charles H. 
Quimby, Charles C. 
Rogers, Oliver W. 
Schillinger, Benjamin F. 
Shaw, William E. 
Shattuck, Lucius H. 
Simonds, Nathan A. 
Sweeney, Charles H. 
Van de Sande, John 
Walker, Edward M. 
Wallace, Kinsley 
Watson, William W. 
Wescott, Eugene 
Whitcomb, George F. 
Wyman, Luther F. 
Wyer, Edwin F. 



28 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company K. 



Captain, John T. Boyd. 

" John B. Norton. 

1st Lieut., John B. Norton. 
" " Caleb Drew. 
2d " Caleb Drew. 
" " Walter Everett. 
3d " Walter Everett. 
1st Sergt., Albert Prescott. 

D. Webster Davis. 
Samuel A. Wright. 
George A. Bird. 
Corporals, W W Davis. 

Enoch J. Clark. 
Joseph Boyd. 
George F. Brackett. 
Musician, J. Newton Breed. 
Priv'ts, Abbott, Charles H. 

Ames, William S. 

Angier, Henry A.* 

Babcock, Convers A.* 

Bailey, Andrew J. 

Bailey, Charles H. 

Beddoe, Thomas 

Bent, William H. 

Blunt, George 

Boyd, William 

Brown, Albert F. 

Brown, John H. 

Brown, Warren S. 

Burckess, Thomas J. 

Butters, Frank V 

Butts, Joseph W 

Carr, John C. 

Chandler, Samuel E.* 

Childs, George T.* 

Churchill, John K. 

Clark, Joseph H. 

Clark, Joseph H., 2d 

Cook, Jacob B. 



Priv'ts, Davis, Edward K. 
Davis, Benjamin 
Davis, Marcus M. 
Davis, Obed R. 
Dearborn, Daniel 
Devereaux, George N. 
Dow, James A. 
Drew, BartlettS. 
Fish, Sumner § 
Ferrier, William A. 
Floyd, David O. 
Frothingham, Frank E. 
Frothingham, John B. 
Harding, Wilbur F. 
Higgins, Henry W 
Hilton, Amos S. 
Holmes, P. Marion 
Kehoe, George H. 
Lane, Charles, D. W- 
Loring, John H. 
Merrill, Alfred K. 
Melvin, William W- 
Moulton, Joseph, jr. 
Newhall, Richard H. 
Nichols, George 
Niles, Thomas 
Palmer, Lloyd G. 
Patten, George \V 
Perkins, Charles F. 
Quigley, Joseph 
Ramsey, Royal 
Raymond, Charles H. 
Richards, Charles F. 
Sheppard, Louis 
Simpson, James W 
Thayer, Ignatius E. 
Thompson, George W- 
Tibbetts, Albion W- 
White, Eben. 



* Prisoners. t Killed. $ Died. § Never seen after battle. 



massachusetts volunteer militia. 29 

Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Mili- 
tia. Nine Months, — 1862—3. 

It was impossible for such a regiment as the Fifth, to 
remain at home, and at a meeting of the commissioned of- 
ficers of the regiment, held at Charlestown, on the 14th 
day of August, 1862, it was unanimously voted that the 
regiment tender their services for nine months in the 
field. This vote was communicated by Col. Peirson to 
the Governor, who accepted the offer, and ordered the 
regiment to be filled to the maximum number immedi- 
ately, instructing the Colonel to report when he was 
ready to go into quarters. 

It was further ordered that all vacancies in the line of 
company officers be filled without the usual ten day's 
notice. 

Measures were immediately taken by the regimental 
and company officers to fill up the regiment as rapidly as 
possible. 

Recruiting meetings were held in the various cities and 
towns, from which men were likely to enlist, and talented 
speakers were brought forward to address the audiences. 

After the lapse of a fortnight, five companies were re- 
ported as filled to the maximum standard, and other 
companies followed at intervals, until the last company 
required to fill the regiment went into camp. 

For various reasons, changes were made in several 
companies attached to the regiment, prior to going into 
camp. 

Co. A, (Concord,) was detached Sept. 26th, and tempo- 
rarily attached to the 3d Brigade. 

Co. C, (Cambridge,) was disbanded August 30th, not 
being able to recruit in time for service. 

Co. E, (Medford,) was already in the service of the Gov- 



30 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



ernment for a term of three years, in the 39th Mass. Reg- 
iment. 

Co. F, (Natick,) was disbanded Sept. 16th, being unable 
to recruit in season. 

The following companies were recruited, and attached 
to the Regiment : 

Co. A, Capt. Green, recruited in Charlestown, and or- 
ganized Sept. 25th. 

Co. C, Capt. Daniels, recruited in South Danvers, now 
Peabody, and organized August 28th. 

Co. E, Capt. Kent, recruited in Yarmouth, and other 
towns on the Cape, and organized Sept. 3d. 

Co. G, Capt. Grammer, recruited in Woburn, and or- 
ganized August 26th. 

Co. K, Capt. Crafts, was recruited in Waltham and 
Watertown, and organized August 28th. 

The date of the organization of the old companies is as 
follows : 

Company B, Captain Barker, 1853. 

D, " Howard, 1786. 

" " Be-organized, . 1831. 

Company II, " Drew, 1850. 

I, " Newton, May 27, 1862. 

The companies, as formed and re-organized, went into 
camp, at Camp Lander, Wenham, Mass., and were mus- 
tered in as follows : 



B 
C 
D 
E 
F 
G 
H 
I 
K 



imp Sept 


29. 


Mustered 


in Oct. 


8. 


a a 


16. 


ti 


Sept 


19. 


tt a 


10. 


it 




16. 


a a 


16. 


ti 




19. 


tt tt 
a tt 
tt tt 


10. 
22. 
10. 


it 
ti 




16. 

23. 
16. 


a a 


10. 


it 




16. 


a tt 


10. 


tt 




16. 


a tt 


12. 


it 




19. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 31 

The Field and Staff Officers were ordered into camp, 
Oct. 1st, and Col. Peirson immediately assumed command 
of the regiment. 

The review which was to have taken place on the next 
morning, was, in consequence of rainy weather, postponed 
until the following day, when it passed off in a very cred- 
itable manner. 

On the same day, (Oct. 3,) an order was received from 
the Governor, for the regiment to proceed to New Berne, 
N. C, and to report to Major-General Foster, as soon as 
transportation should be furnished. 

Active preparations were at once commenced to hasten 
forward the arming and equipment of the regiment. 

The Field and Staff Officers were mustered in Oct. 8th, 
and the regiment was accepted for nine months service. 

On the 20th, notice was received from the United 
States Quarter-Master's Department, that transportation 
had been provided on the Steamer Mississippi, which 
would leave Boston, Oct. 22d. Two day's rations were 
immediately cooked and distributed to the men. The 
horses and baggage were sent to Boston, and placed on 
board the steamer, the 21st. 

Wednesday, Oct. 22d. 
The regimental line was formed at 8 o'clock, A. M., for 
the purpose of proceeding to Boston, via. the Eastern Rail- 
road. The colors were escorted to the field by Co. H, 
Capt. Drew. Prayer was offered by the Chaplain. The 
regiment was obliged to wait upwards of an hour for the 
cars, but at 10 : 20, A. M., the troops were on board the 
cars, and arrived in Boston at 12 : 30, P. M. The line was 
formed in Canal Street, and the regiment marched 
through Union, Hanover, Court, State and Commercial 
streets, to Battery Wharf, where the Mississippi, Capt. 



32 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Baxter, lay in waiting to take the regiment to Beaufort, 
North Carolina. 

The steamer left the wharf at 5 o'clock, P. M., the wind 
blowing very strong from the North-west, and, after a 
very pleasant trip, arrived at Beaufort, N. C, on the 26th. 
On the 27th, the regiment disembarked at the railroad 
wharf, in Morehead City, and took the cars for New Berne, 
36 miles distant, arriving at the latter place at 4 o'clock, 
P. M., and went into camp in the vicinity of New Berne, 
its tents having been nearly all pitched by a detachment 
of the 25th Regiment, 3 years Massachusetts Volunteers, 
Col. Upton. 

Before the regiment had been forty-eight hours in New 
Berne, and before its muskets and equipments had arrived 
from Morehead City, (the landing-place of the regiment,) 
orders were received to cook three days' rations, and be 
prepared to start upon an expedition immediately. 

As soon as their rations arrived, the companies com- 
menced cooking them, and by great labor, continued 
through the night, the muskets and equipments were dis- 
tributed to the men, and the regiment left camp at four 
o'clock on the following morning, October 30th, and em- 
barked on board of transports for Washington, N. C, 
which place they reached on the morning of the 31st. 
At this place the column was delayed until November 2d, 
awaiting the arrival of troops from New Berne by the 
overland route. 

At 7 o'clock, Sunday morning, the whole force, under 
the command of Major-General Foster, took up its line of 
march for Williamston. 

The Fifth Regiment formed a part of the brigade under 
the command of Colonel Horace C. Lee, of the Twenty- 
Seventh Massachusetts Volunteers, in which it remained 
during the whole period of its term of service, very much 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 33 

to the satisfaction of the whole regiment, who considered 
themselves very fortunate, not only in being brigaded 
with such excellent regiments from Massachusetts, but in 
having for its brigade commander a thorough tactician, and 
who, by the superior skill and judgment which he displayed 
on many occasions while on the field of battle, and the 
uniform kindness shown to those under his command, won 
the most exalted opinion of every member of the regiment. 

There were some slight skirmishes with the enemy 
while on the route, but nothing of importance transpired 
during the time. The roads in many places were very wet 
and muddy, and the weather, a portion of the time, cold 
and stormy, yet the regiment marched along with the most 
lively enthusiasm, and vied with the older regiments in 
preserving their files, and keeping their places in the col- 
umn, and were repeatedly complimented by their superior 
officers for the very excellent manner in which they con- 
ducted themselves on this, their first expedition. 

The regiment returned to camp on the morning of the 
13th, having marched about 160 miles. 

On the 22d of Nov. 1862, by General Orders, the third 
brigade of which, the 5th was a part, was made up as 
follows : 

9th New Jersey Volunteers, Colonel, C. A. Heckman. 
5th Mass. Volunteer Militia, " Geo. H. Peirson. 

46th " " " " George Bowler. 

27th " " " Lt.-Col., Luke Lyman. 

On the 28th of December, 1862, the 9th New Jersey 
was detached from the third brigade, and the 25th M. V 
M., Col. Pickett, was assigned in its place. 

From the 13th of November until the 10th of Decem- 
ber, the regiment labored diligently to perfect themselves 
in drilling and the usual routine of camp duty. 



84 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

On the morning of the 10th, the regiment left its camp 
to join an expedition to Goldsboro', having for its object 
the destruction of the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, 
near that place. 

The regiment was assigned the second post of honor, 
the extreme left of the column. 

The care of the wagon train was intrusted to the Fifth, 
and its progress was necessarily very slow, owing to the 
unusually bad condition of the roads, which generally de- 
tained them very late on the road, and seldom getting an 
opportunity to bivouac until midnight, and sometimes 
later ; and as they were obliged to move with the main 
column in the morning, their labors were very arduous 
and fatiguing. 

On the 14th, the regiment was detailed to guard the 
wagon train, and to picket the different roads, to prevent 
the enemy from making a flank movement. Companies 
H, (Captain Drew,) and E, (Captain Kent,) were posted 
about three miles from regimental head-quarters, on a 
cross-road leading to Kinston. About 10 o'clock, A. M , 
they were attacked by a large force of rebel cavalry ; the 
men stood their ground manfully, and after a very spirited 
engagement, repulsed the enemy and drove them in great 
disorder towards Kinston. 

Company C, (Captain Daniels,) was posted on the Wil- 
mington road, and by a well-directed volley, dispersed a 
body of cavalry who were coming up the road, probably 
with the intention of cutting off some of our wagons. 

Companies G, (Captain Grammer.) and F, (Captain 
Currier,) were detailed to guard a bridge over South-west 
Creek, on the road to Kinston, and were kept continually 
on the alert by the enemy, who were seeking an opportu- 
nity to cross at that place, but who were prevented by the 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 35 

untiring exertions of the officers and men guarding that 
post. 

Company D, (Lieutenant Marden commanding,) was 
stationed about one mile in the rear, and Companies B, I, 
and K, in the immediate vicinity of the baggage train, and 
were obliged to exercise the utmost vigilance to prevent 
the enemy from destroying the train. 

The next morning, December loth, the regiment re- 
joined the main column and marched "2'i miles, and biv- 
ouacked within four miles of Whitehall. On the 16th 
occurred the battle of Whitehall, at the commencement of 
which the regiment still held the extreme left. After the 
battle had been raging nearly an hour, Lee's brigade was 
ordered to the front, and three of the Fifth Regiment 
were wounded. Passing on, after the battle, they bivou- 
acked for the night within eight miles of Goldsboro' 

On the morning of the 17th, the whole column was 
again in motion ; Lee's brigade having the advance, and 
reaching the railroad soon after 12 o'clock, M. The rail- 
road bridge spanning the Neuse River, and the telegraph 
wires, were soon destroyed, notwithstanding the great 
efforts made by the enemy to prevent it. Company D was 
deployed as skirmishers, and Company H, to protect the 
party destroying the railroad. 

Most of the fighting, while the work of destruction was 
going on, was on the right of the line, near the railroad 
bridge. 

After the work of demolition had been completed, and 
the object of the expedition had been accomplished, a re- 
turn to New Berne was ordered. 

The retrograde had already commenced, and the main 
body of the troops was well on its way, leaving Lee's bri- 
gade, to which the Fifth Regiment was attached, still on the 



36 HISTORY OF THE ETFTH REGIMENT 

field, when the enemy, who had been reinforced, came 
out from the cover of the woods to which they had been 
driven, and advanced, as if to make a charge upon the 
brigade. Belgier's battery was immediately ordered into 
position, and the Fifth Regiment ordered to support it. 

The rebels advanced rapidly, yelling like fiends, and 
evidently feeling confident of routing the small force re- 
maining on the field, and capturing the artillery. 

When the rebels had advanced within about five hun- 
dred yards of our troops, our batteries opened on them a 
murderous fire of shells and canister, sweeping them down 
in large numbers, and speedily checking their progress ; 
a second time they essayed to advance, hut when within 
three hundred yards the heavy cross fire of the batteries 
and musketry compelled them to retreat in great disorder, 
seeking shelter behind a rail fence, escaping from thence 
to the woods on their left, as they best could ; the firing 
was kept up on them as they attempted to form in line of 
battle in the edge of the woods, to renew the charge, mak- 
ing large gaps in their ranks, and twice bringing their flag 
to the ground, and they were soon compelled to abandon 
the field and again seek the cover of the woods. 

Just before the final repulse of the rebel infantry, the 
enemy opened fire upon the brigade from a concealed 
battery in the woods on our left, seeming to direct their 
fire principally upon the Fifth Regiment. 

For upwards of two hours the shot and shell flew thick 
and fast around the regiment, and twice were its colors 
pierced by fragments of shell before the enemy's guns 
could be silenced. 

The courage and steadiness of the regiment were severe- 
ly tested in the attempted charges by the enemy, and the 
unexpected fire from the concealed battery, yet not a man 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 37 

flinched, but stood their ground, facing the enemy with- 
out faltering, preserving their line, and promptly obeying 
the orders of their officers as coolly as if on parade. 

The officers of Belgier's battery which the Fifth sup- 
ported, spoke warmly in praise of the conduct of the regi- 
ment, under the trying circumstances in which they were 
placed. 

When the enemy's fire had been completely silenced, 
the brigade resumed its march toward New Berne, passing 
through a brook as they marched off the field, to their 
arm-pits in water, which had been let on from a mill-pond 
by the rebels, when they made their desperate but unsuc- 
cessful attempt to cut off the expected retreat of our 
troops. 

But neither fire nor water could depress the spirits of 
the men who were conscious of having performed their 
duty, and although the air was bitter cold, they were 
obliged to march seven miles to camp in their wet clothes. 

The following members of the regiment were wounded 
during the expedition. At Whitehall, W W Anderson 
of Company B, received a painful contusion just below 
the left knee, spent ball ; Peter Conlin, of Company D, 
ball in the knee ; Wm. Eldridge, Company E, seriously, 
ball lodged in the thigh ; at Goldsboro', G. W Burroughs, 
Company B, contusion on left hip, from grape shot ; G. 
W Barnes, Company B, contusion in leg ; W A. Hardy, 
Company D, contusion in back ; David O. Williams, Com- 
pany D, flesh wound in head ; H. O. Babcock, Company I, 
contusion in leg. 

During the return to New Berne, the regiment acted as 
the rear-guard. 

The regiment reached its camp on Sunday, December 
21st, having marched about one hundred and eighty miles 



38 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

while absent on the expedition, and having had ten men 
wounded. 

Shortly after its return, General Poster issued the fol- 
io wing order : 

Headquarters, 18th Arnry Corps. 

New Berne, N. C, Jan. loth, 18G3. 
Gen'l Order, No. 18. 

In consideration of, and as a reward for their brave 
deeds at Kinston, Whitehall, and Goldsboro\ the Com- 
manding General directs, that the Regiments and Bat- 
teries which accompanied the expedition to Goldsboro', 
inscribe on their banners those three victories : 

Kinston, Dec. 14, 1862. 

Whitehall, Dec. 16, 1862. 

Goldsboro', Dec. 17, 1862. 

The Commanding General hopes that all future fields 
may be so fought, that the records of them may be kept 
by inscriptions on the Banners of the regiments engaged. 

By Command, 

Major-Gen'l FOSTER. 

S. Hoffman, Ass't Adj't-General. 

On the 21st of January, orders were received to fortify 
the camp ; the work was commenced immediately, and a 
detail of one hundred and fifty men was made daily for 
that purpose, from the regiment, and in two weeks the 
before unprotected sides of the camp were enclosed in 
earthworks, nearly thirteen hundred feet in length, and 
seven feet in height, surrounded with a trench ten feet in 
depth. Upon the completion of the fortification, General 
Foster designated the work as Fort Peirson, in compli- 
ment to the colonel of the Fifth Regiment. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 39 

On the 21st of February, Company G, (Captain Gram- 
mer,) was detailed to garrison Fort Hatteras and Clark, 
at Hatteras Inlet, at which place they remained until the 
return of the regiment to Massachusetts. 

Company D, (Captain Howard,) was also detailed for 
garrison duty at Plymouth, N C, returning to the regi- 
ment on the 4th of May. 

From the completion of the fort until the 13th of 
March, the time was occupied in brigade, regimental, and 
company drills, when, in consequence of the appearance 
of the enemy at Deerj Gully, eight miles from New Berne, 
Lee's brigade, with two batteries, was ordered out to repel 
any attack that might be made in that direction, as the 
enemy had already driven in our pickets ; at 6 o'clock, P. 
M., just fifteen minutes after the order was received, the 
regiment was in line and started to join the other regi- 
ments comjDOsing the brigade. 

The column under the command of General Palmer 
marched until 9 o'clock, P. M , when it halted for the 
night, seven miles from New Berne, where the troops passed 
a cheerless night, exposed to the cold night air, without 
fire, and obtaining very little sleep. On the morning of 
the 14th, the anniversary of the battle of New Berne, the 
column advanced slowly towards Deep Gully, and had 
just commenced skirmishing with the enemy, when intel- 
ligence was received that the rebels had commenced their 
real attack on the north side of New Berne, and the whole 
force was ordered to return to that place. 

The Fifth remained under arms in garrison, until the 
retreat of the enemy, on the night of the 15th. 

On the fourth of April, the regiment with other troops, 
embarked on transports for Washington, N C, for the re- 
lief of General Foster, and the garrison at that place. The 



40 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

fleet proceeded up the Pamlico River, within eight miles 
of Washington, where formidable rebel batteries were dis- 
covered, in a commanding position, at Hill's Point. After 
several ineffectual attempts by the gunboats to destroy the 
enemy's works, the troops were ordered to return to 
New Berne. 

The regiment reached its camp on the morning of 
the 7th. 

On the following day the regiment joined an expedition 
to Washington by land, under the command of General 
Spinola ; on reaching Blount's Creek, 21 miles from New 
Berne, on the afternoon of the 9th, the enemy were found 
in strong force intrenched on a hill on the opposite side of 
the creek, approachable only by a narrow mill-dam com- 
pletely enfiladed by the enemy's guns. 

The nature of the ground, swampy and covered with an 
impenetrable growth of trees, prevented a flank move- 
ment by our forces, and after a short engagement, the 
troops were ordered to return, and the regiment reached 
its camp late on the night of the 10th. 

Thursday, April 16th, 1863. — To-day has been a holi- 
day in camp, on account of the raising of our new garri- 
son flag. 

At a meeting of the officers, on the 14th inst., the fol- 
lowing committees were appointed to make the necessary 
arrangements for the occasion : 

Executive Committee : Lt.-Col. Boyd, Major Worcester, 
Capts. Drew, Daniels, and Crafts. 

Committee on Vocal Music : Lieuts. Everett and Har- 
rington. 

Committee on Instrumental Music : Capt. Crafts, and 
Lieut. Davis. 

Master of Ceremonies : Adjt. Eustis. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 41 

The ceremonies took place at 3 o'clock, p. M. The reg- 
iment was formed in square around the flagstaff, and the 
exercises proceeded in the following order : 

Prayer, by the Chaplain, William F Snow 
Song, " America," sung by a choir, selected from the 
regiment, under the direction of Lieut. Everett. 
Chaplain Snow then delivered the following 

Address : 

It is no vain ceremony, Fellow Soldiers, that we are 
now about to perform. It is not merely to add another 
ornament to our beautiful camping ground, or to set up 
the recognized sign of another military post, that we are 
gathered together. It is for more than this. We are 
about to do a symbolical act, to recognize a most pregnant 
emblem. 

Let me invite you, then, to consider with me for a few 
moments, what the flag means. 

I. It represents to us our national history. Its colors, 
distinct yet united, not crossing or blending, yet bound in 
one harmonious whole, tell us of the composition of sepa- 
rate and independent States into one grand Union, "E 
Pluribus Unum." The red flush of morning, the clear 
light of noon, the quiet evening sky, all combine in it to 
symbolize harmony, perfectness, duration. 

Its stripes, few in number, fixed and unchanged, remind 
us of the little band, who united to lay the foundation, the 
potent spirit of whose institutions throbs, and shall ever 
throb strongly through the whole nation's frame. Its con- 
stellation of stars, increasing so rapidly from year to year 
that we can hardly tell how many belong in it, shows to 
us the vigorous and quickly growing structure. 

II. The flag is the recognized emblem of the National 



42 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH BEGIMENT 

Authority- Wherever it flies, by land or by sea, there 
both friends and foes recognize the power of our country. 
Beneath its folds her citizens ever find protection, be they 
in the most polished capital of Europe, or amid the rude 
boatmen of the Nile, or the savage islanders of the Pacific. 
The first aim of the enemy is to make it fall, for when it 
ceases to float, then ceases to be felt the nation's authority. 
III. The flag betokens our Nation's Glory. Borne 
through the deadly fight, grimmed with the smoke of bat- 
tle, torn by shot and shell, dyed a fresher crimson in its 
bearer's blood, then blazoned with the names of glorious 
victories, it becomes a most hallowed relic, for every shred 
tells of some hero's bravery, speaks to us of his undying 
devotion to his native land. Flying at the mast-head of 
some noble vessel, waving in defiance, while the battle 
rages, and in pride when the victory is won, nobly it tells 
of the triumphs, its every flutter seeming the nation's 
throb of joy. 

IV The flag is the symbol of the Country's Honor. 
A blow at it is a blow at the country herself. Disgrace to 
it, is a disgrace, not to the nation as a whole, merely, but 
to every man in it. 

Each true patriot cherishes his country's honor as his 
own, and looking to the Flag as the representative of that 
honor, is ready in its defence to shed his last drop of 
blood, to expend every energy of his soul. 

V Finally, to the patriot, the national Flag represents 
all that makes his country dear to him. It is the first object 
his eye seeks when in a foreign land ; around it his mem- 
ories of home cluster ; to it he points his children as the 
proud legacy of the fathers ; in it he finds the pledge of 
his freedom. 

It is upon an auspicious day that we are to spread to 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 43 

the breeze this flag of our country Two years ago this 
noon, 1,700 men of Massachusetts, springing to arms at 
the call of their country, to avenge her humbled flag, 
gathered in the old Cradle of Liberty, in Boston, the first 
contribution of Massachusetts to the war for the preserva- 
tion of the Union. A day to be remembered is this 16th 
of April. 

Upon an auspicious day, then, we are gathered to unfurl 
with military honors, our country's flag within the circle 
of a fort, raised by our own hands, for the defence of the 
Union, upon soil redeemed from the grasp of treason 

We all remember how, when the flag of Fort Sumter 
was lowered to traitors, from every housetop through all 
the loyal North the Stars and Stripes sprang to the breeze, 
as if to say that the falling of that flag in Charleston 
harbor was but the resurrection of patriotism. 

We saw then how full of meaning the flag was. 

Ere many days, the Massachusetts Fifth, having in its 
ranks many who stand here to-day, had left home and 
friends to bear that flag into the thick tumult of battle, to 
leave its bearer dead, fallen in his place as he bore it 
toward the foe. 

The Fifth has come again. We are proud to serve 
under one of that noble band who defended Fort Sumter 
to the last, until faint with hunger, weary with fighting, 
hopeless of rescue, they were forced to a surrender more 
honorable than a victorj r . 

Proud are we to serve under him, eager are we to fol- 
low when Gen. Foster says, come. 

I remember how at Whitehall, and at Goldsboro', when 
we were expecting soon to enter the conflict, you called 
for the flag to be unfurled, and how, when its glorious 
folds streamed out in answer, I saw every foot planted 



44 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

more firmly, every head raised, every weary frame grow 
strong again. So shall it ever be. 

When, in a few moments, from this staff the Flag shall 
float upon the air, as we look upon it, let us each renew 
our vows of devotion to our country, pledging ourselves 
that never shall this Union be dismembered, and become 
a prey to traitors, while we can raise a musket or speak a 
word in its defence. 

Then "strong in the Lord, and in the power of His 
might," hearing His glorious watchword to His people of 
old, " Be not afraid ; the battle is not yours, but God's," 
let us go forward to victory. 

Then when the victory is won, when our country is re- 
united in peace beneath the folds of her glorious Flag, 
may we sit down to rest, speaking to each other of these 
things all past, and rejoicing that each of us did what we 
could. 

At the close of the address, Lieut. Everett read the fol- 
lowing poem, written for the occasion by Private Horace 
S. Everett, of Co. H: 



u ) 



Fling to the breeze that brave old Flag : 

Long has it prostrate lain, 
Against rebellion's vain contempt 

We will its cause maintain. 

No star erased, no stripe obscured, 

Complete in every part, 
To-day we raise that banner fair, 

So dear to every heart. 

And we, the sons of sires that fought 

For this same flag of yore, 
Shall we prove recreant to their trust, 

Their sacrifice ignore ? 

No ! rather let us emulate 
Their virtues and their fame ; 

Prefer to die, than purchase life 
With our eternal shame. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 45 

Triumphant let this banner float, 

To cheer our drooping hearts, 
Till glorious Union binds in one 

Our country's severed parts. 

Col. Peirson then stepped upon the mound at the foot 
of the staff, and unfurled the flag amid the vociferous 
cheering of the regiment and invited guests, the Band 
playing the " Star Spangled Banner." 

The choir then sang the song, " Rally round the Flag," 
after which the Band played the McClellan Quickstep, 
and the exercises were concluded by the choir singing the 
" Red, White and Blue." 

At the close of ceremonies, which passed off very pleas- 
antly and agreeably to all parties, three hearty cheers were 
given by the regiment, and the companies were marched 
to their quarters. The Band continued to play near reg- 
imental Headquarters, and songs were sung by amateur 
vocalists until a late hour in the afternoon. 

The height of the flagstaff is 96 feet. It was worked 
from a yellow pine tree obtained from the woods near the 
Trent road. The following persons were employed, under 
the direction of Commissar}^ Serjeant Enoch J. Clark, in 
working out and finishing the mast, and raising it to its 
place : 

Corporals B. G-. Blanchaed, jr., of Company H. 

Thomas B. Roulstone, " " 

William D. F. Millee, " " 

Privates Chaeles M. Robeetson, " " 

Edwin W- Abchee, " " 

James P. Ingalls, " " 

Chaeles H. Mann, " " 

Chaeles A. Colson, " " 

Corporals Smith P. Slocumb, " E. 

Joseph N. Bdebeck, " C. 

Edmund Tuenee, " B. 

Privates Dennison Donallen, " A. 

David A. Denham, " F 



46 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

On the 17th of April, an expedition, in which the Fifth 
Regiment was included, started for Washington by land, 
taking the same route as before. Arriving at Blount's 
Creek at sunset on the 18th, the enemy's works were 
found to be deserted, and the column encamped for the 
night just beyond the rebel fortifications. The march was 
resumed the next morning, the enemy retreating as we 
advanced, and successively abandoning their formidable 
fortifications which lined the road to Washington. 

The Fifth Regiment entered Washington on the morn- 
ing of the 20th, the enemy having retreated to Greenville. 

Company B, (Captain Parker,) was detailed to picket 
the Greenville road. 

On the 22d, the regiment embarked on board the 
steamer Escort for New Berne, and arrived at camp at 6 
o'clock, P. :>i. , of the same day. 

On the 27th, the regiment was ordered to join the expe- 
dition toward Kinston, under the command of General 
Palmer. The regiment proceeded to Batchelder's Creek 
by railroad, and marched thence in the evening by a cir- 
cuitous route through the forest to Cove Creek, twelve 
miles beyond Batchelder's Creek, encamping there for the 
night. 

The regiment remained at Cove Creek during the 28th 
and -!i>th, the companies performing picket duty on the 
several roads in the vicinity. On the 30th, Colonel Peir- 
son was ordered to reconnoitre the enemy's works at 
Mosely Creek, with a view of ascertaining their character, 
the force of the enemy, and the topography of the inter- 
vening country. The regiment left camp at 8 o'clock, A. 
M., and after proceeding about ten miles, the skirmishers 
encountered and drove in the rebel pickets. 

Reaching the vicinity of the rebel fortifications, they 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEEK MILITIA. 47 

were found to be located in a well-chosen position in Gum 
Swamp at the intersection of Mosely Creek with the rail- 
road and the Dover road. Having accomplished the object 
of the expedition, after drawing the enemy's fire, and find- 
ing they were in strong force, the regiment returned to 
Cove Creek, which they reached at 7 o'clock, p.m., having 
marched twenty-four miles during the day, over miry 
roads, under a scorching sun. 

General Palmer congratulated Colonel Peirson on the 
successful accomplishment of the object of the reconnoi- 
sance, highly complimenting him for the skill and pru- 
dence with which he conducted it, and also spoke warmly 
in praise of the conduct of the officers and men on the 
march and in the presence of the enemy- 
May 1st, the regiment returned to New Berne by railroad. 
The following letter will show to whom a part of the 
success of the reconnoisance was due : 

Headquarters 1st Div., 18th Army Corps, 
New Berne, N. C, May 4th, 1863. 
Colonel : The General commanding the Division, 
desires, through 3 T ou, to compliment Serj't Charles Brig- 
ham of Co. K, Fifth Regiment, M. V M.,for the well exe- 
cuted topographical sketch which accompanied your report 
of the 3d inst. 

Very Respectfully, Your Obd't Servant, 

J A. JUDSON, 

Asst.- Aft-General. 

To Col. Peirson, Commander 5th M. V M. 

From May 6th, the regiment furnished the pickets on 
the railroad near New Berne. 

On the 21st of May, Lee's brigade, which was desig- 
nated at that time as the Second Brigade, First Division, 



48 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Eighteenth Army Corps, under the command of Colonel 
Peirson of the Fifth Massachusetts, accompanied by three 
pieces of Rigg's Battery, and three companies of cavalry, 
left New Berne on another expedition into the interior with 
the Fifty-Eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, for the pur- 
pose of attempting the surprise and capture of the rebel 
force in the fortifications at Mosely Creek, reconnoitered 
by the Fifth Regiment three weeks previously. 

The expedition reached Cove Creek late in the after- 
noon. Here the column was divided. The Fifth, Twenty- 
Fifth and Forty-Sixth Massachusetts Volunteers started 
at midnight, for the purpose of making a demonstration in 
the enemy's front. While the Twenty-Seventh Massachu- 
setts and Fifty-Eighth Pennsylvania, under command of 
Colonel Jones, of the Fifty-Eighth, by a circuitous route 
gained the rear of the rebel works. 

Arriving in front of the rebel fortifications on the morn- 
ing of the "2'2d, the troops formed in line of battle, with 
the Twenty-Fifth Massachusetts on the right, the Forty- 
Sixth in the centre supporting the battery, and the Fifth, 
under Lieutenant-Colonel Boyd, on the left, and skirmish- 
ers were thrown out to attract the attention of the enemy. 

A sharp fire of musketry was maintained between the 
skirmishers and the rebels, who several times sallied from 
their' works, but were each time speedily driven in. 

Shortly after ( J o'clock, a. m., the report of musketry in 
the woods beyond the intrenchments, announced that Col- 
onel Jones had succeeded in gaining the enemy's rear, and 
Colonel Peirson ordered his whole force to charge on the 
enemy immediately. 

The rebels thus simultaneously attacked in front and 
rear, were at once thrown into a panic, and fled in great 
confusion. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MTLITTA. 49 

They were pursued by our troops, who captured about 
200 prisoners, 43 horses and mules, 8 ambulances, 17 wag- 
ons, one gun, 500 stand of arms, 17 rounds of ammunition, 
and the entire hospital furniture and supplies of the 
enemy- 

At 5 o'clock, p. m., after collecting the captured prop- 
erty and levelling the fortifications, the line was formed 
to return. At this moment a rebel force from Kinston 
opened an artillery fire on the most advanced of our 
troops without doing any harm, but their fire was quickly 
silenced by our battery. 

A portion of the enemy followed our troops on their 
return, occasionally throwing a shell over our heads, with- 
out effect. 

The column reached Cove Creek at 10 ^ P. m., and re- 
turned to New Berne the next clay, the 23d. 

This was the last expedition in which the regiment was 
engaged, and in some respects the hardest, owing to the 
intense heat of the weather, and the miry swamps and 
almost impenetrable jungles on the line of march. 

On the 26th, 400 men, under command of Major Wor- 
cester, proceeded to Wilkinson's Point, on the Neuse 
river, 20 miles below New Berne, to erect and occupy for- 
tifications at that place, but the order having been counter- 
manded, the detachment returned to camp on the 28th. 

On the 30th, Companies B, E, H, I and K, were detailed 
for picket duty at Deep Gully, remaining at that place 
ten clays. 100 men were also detailed to build fortifica- 
tions between Fort Rowan and the Neuse river. 

During the remainder of its stay in New Berne, the 
regiment was employed in picket duty, and in working 
in the intrenchments. 

From the foregoing narrative, it will be seen that the 



50 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Fifth Regiment performed an unusual amount of arduous 
service during the term of its enlistment, beginning but a 
few hours after it first set foot on hostile soil, and continu- 
ing until the eve of its departure for Massachusetts. 

During its term of service, the regiment marched about 
600 miles over the wretched roads of North Carolina, and 
sailed over 2,000 miles in crowded transports. 

Performing every duty required of it with alacrity and 
fidelity, and exhibiting unshaken fortitude when severely 
tested, it secured the high esteem of the veteran troops 
with whom it was associated, and won high praise from its 
brigade, division and corps commanders. 

Return. 
June 20th, 1863. — Orders were received at noon, to- 
day, to embark the regiment for Boston, on the 22d inst. 

June 21st. The baggage was sent hy a special train to 
Morehead City, to be put on board the^Steamer " Guide." 

June 22d. Reveille at 3:^0, A. M. Review and Inspec- 
tion, by Capt. Gourand, of General Foster's Staff, at 5: 15, 
A. M. Col. Lee, who was in command of the Brigade to 
which the regiment was attached, accompanied by his 
Staff, arrived on the ground while the regiment was 
being inspected. After the inspection, Col. Lee addressed 
the regiment as follows: 

Address. 
Mr. Commander, Fellow-Officers and Soldiers : 

Although unaccustomed to public speaking, I cannot, 
in justice to my own feelings, part with you without 
expressing my respect for you, and my gratitude for the 
promptitude and cheerfulness with which you have obeyed 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 51 

all my orders, whether you were commanded to march to 
the deadl} r battle-field, or to appear for drill or review. 

I had heard, before the regiment came to this depart- 
ment, of its honorable reputation, and I was proud when 
I learned that it was to be included in the brigade under 
nry command. 

That pride has been continually strengthened by the 
faithfulness with which you have performed your duties. 

You had scarcely time to realize that you were on the 
enemy's soil, when you were ordered on a tedious and 
hazardous march ; and this you have followed up, with 
brief intervals, by frequent expeditions, leaving but little 
time for rest . 

You may, perhaps, think you have done more than your 
share of labor, by engaging in more expeditions, enduring 
longer marches, and performing more arduous service 
than any other nine months regiment, or even the three 
years troops, in the same period of time. But you should 
remember the Scripture saying, that " Whom the Lord 
loveth he chasteneth," and accept the toils and hardships 
you have borne, as a proof of the good opinion of your 
commanding general, who calls most frequently into ser- 
vice those regiments in whom he has the most confidence. 

I shall follow you to your farms, your workshops, and 
your counting-houses, with the warmest feelings of friend- 
ship, and shall always remember your services with grati- 
tude and satisfaction. , 

At the close of Col. Lee's remarks, the Fifth gave him 
three hearty cheers ; the regiment, escorted by the 25th 
and 46th Massachusetts Volunteers, then took up the line 
of march through Broad Street to Craven Street. Here 
the escort were drawn up in line and paid the regiment 



52 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

a marching salute as it passed. After rousing cheers had 
been exchanged between the Fifth and its escort, com- 
panies D, I and K, under the command of Lt.-Col. Boyd, 
went on board the Steamer " Convoy," which was to take 
on board Co. G, at Hatteras Inlet. 

The remaining companies then marched to the Depot, 
and took the cars for Morehead City at 7 : 45, A. M. The 
45th and 51st Massachusetts Regiments cheered us vigor- 
ously as we passed their camps on the south side of the 
Trent. 

At Caroline City, the 23d Massachusetts also made a 
friendly farewell demonstration. 

Arrived at Morehead City, at 9 : 30, A. M., immediately 
went on board the Steamer " Guide," Capt. Vail, and left 
the wharf at 10 : 30. 

Just before the departure of the regiment, a note was 
received from General Foster, of which the following is a 
copy: 

Headquarters Eighteenth Corps, 
New Berne, June 22, 1863. 
Colonel George H. Peirson, Commanding Fifth Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia: 
The term of service of your regiment having expired, 
you are about to leave this department. 

Your regiment has at all times faithfully performed 
their duty: whatever they have done, has been well done. 
The Commanding General desires to express his regret at 
bidding you farewell, and the hope that he may soon h'ave 
the pleasure of welcoming many of your members back 
again. 

Very respectfully and truly, 

And by command of Major-General Foster. 
Southard Hoffman, Assist.- Adjt.- Gen. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 06 

After a pleasant passage the steamers entered Martha's 
Vineyard Sound in the morning of the 25th, soon after 
sunrise. 

Passed the extremity of Cape Cod at 2 : 30 P. M., and 
anchored in Boston harbor at 6 : 30 P. M. 

A large number of boats filled with friends of the regi- 
ment immediately put off from the shore to board the 
steamers. Those men of the regiment who were seriously 
ill, were sent home, the regiment remaining on board the 
transports. 

June 26th. — At 8 o'clock, A. M., the regiment landed on 
Battery wharf, and the line was formed and awaited the 
arrival of the procession which was to escort the Fifth to 
Charlestown, the city authorities having tendered to the 
regiment a reception in that city. 

The escort was formed at 10 o'clock, and was composed 
as follows : 

National Lancers. Captain Slade was accompanied by 

Standish's Band. 

Chief-Marshal Haynes, and Aids. 

City Government of Charlestown, in carriages. 

National Guard, Captain Stevens, accompanied by the 

Boston Brigade Band. 

Charlestown Reserve, Capt. Norton. 

Fire Department of Charlestown, with their apparatus, 
in the following order. 

Hall's Brass Band. : 

Hancock, No. 1, . 60 men. 

Bunker Hill, No. 2, TO " 

Howard, No. 3, 42 » 



31 men. 


60 


*» 


70 


u 


35 


u 


75 


u 



54 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Red Jacket Hose Co., of Somerville, 
Warren, No. 4, 

Washington, No. 5, 

with Gilmore's Band. 
Massachusetts Hook and Ladder Co., 
Franklin, No. 7, 

with Germania Band. 

Societies. 

Hamilton Institute. 

St. Mary's Relief Society. 

Father Mathew Total Abstinence Society 

St. Francis de Sales Association. 

Cavalcade of 150 horsemen. 

Somerville Light Infantry Association, Capt. Brastow. 

Somerville Hook and Ladder Co., 75 men, 

with Chelsea Band. 

Cavalcade of 75 horsemen. 

At ten o'clock the line of march was taken up through 
Commercial, State, Court, Sudbury and Haverhill streets, 
to Charlestown. 

A dense crowd thronged the streets, and the old Fifth 
were most enthusiastically cheered all along the route, 
while handkerchiefs waved from windows, and bouquets 
were thrown in great profusion to the troops. While 
crossing Warren bridge a salute was fired from guns sta- 
tioned on one of the wharves in Charlestown. 

The decorations on the route in Charlestown were very 
extensive ; the buildings to a great extent being covered 




*^& ^ 











MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 55 

with flags, banners, mottoes and devices, arranged with 
much taste and judgment. Some of them were of the 
most elaborate and elegant character. 

Reaching Winthrop Square at 11:45 A. M., the regi- 
ment found an excellent and abundant collation awaiting 
them, tables being spread for fourteen hundred persons. 

Rev. James B. Miles offered prayer, and Hon. Pbineas 
J. Stone, Mayor of Charlestown, addressed Col. Peirson 
and his command, thanking them for their services in the 
country's cause, congratulating them on their safe return, 
and extending to them the hospitalities of the City. 

Col. Peirson responded briefly, thanking the Mayor and 
City Government for the unprecedented reception they 
had met with. 

Immediately after partaking of the collation, the regi- 
ment was relieved from duty until further orders, and the 
Regimental Officers and Companies departed for their 
homes. 

July 1st. — The regiment rendezvoused at Camp Lan- 
der, Wenham, preparatory to being mustered out of ser- 
vice, arriving in camp at 2 o'clock, P. M. 

July 2d. — The Regiment was mustered out of the 
United States service by Lieut. McKibben, 4th United 
States Infantry, and thus ended the nine months' campaign 
of the Old Fifth Regiment. 

General George H. Peirson. 

Third Colonel of the Fifth Regiment M. V M. 

George H. Peirson was born in Salem, Mass., June 16th, 
1816. He received his early education in the public 
schools in that commercial town, and after leaving school 



56 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

was apprenticed to a carriage-smith, with whom he served 
his time, and afterwards successfully carried on the same 
business. At the age of eighteen he joined the Salem 
Light Infantry, 1st Regiment, M. V M., and up to 1876, 
the date of his retirement, he had been connected with the 
Massachusetts Militia 42 years. The following is a cor- 
rect data of the offices he has held. 

Enlisted in the Salem Mechanic Light Infantry, 1st 
Regiment, 4th Brigade, Aug. 4th, 1834; after filling va- 
rious positions in that Company, was appointed Paymaster 
of the 6th Regiment, May 23d, 1853 ; elected 3d Lieu- 
tenant Company B (S. M. L. I.) 7th Regiment, March 
17th, 1855; 1st Lieutenant, April 5th, 1856; Captain, 
Jan. 17th, 1857 ; April 19th, 1861, this Company was 
attached to the 5th Regiment for three months' service 
and designated Company A ; elected Lieutenant-Colonel 
July 1st, 1861 ; Colonel June 26th, 1862, and was in com- 
mand of the regiment during its nine months' campaign in 
1862-3, and its hundred clays' campaign in 1864 ; Brig- 
adier-General, July 26th, 1866 to 1876. 

General Peirson has enjoyed the respect and esteem of 
his fellow officers during his long service in the militia, and 
by his even disposition and clear perception of the duties 
of the soldier, won the merited position which he held at 
the time of his discharge from the militia. 

He has held many important military commissions dur- 
ing his term of service, being President of a Military Com- 
mission, and General Court Martial during the hundred 
clays' service in Baltimore, Md., 1864. He was elected 
Commander of the Ancients and Honorables, for 1870- 
1871, and was the first Commander of " Phill " Sheridan 
Post G. A. R., of Salem, Mass. He has also held the office 
of Senior Vice Commander of the G. A. R., Department 
of Massachusetts. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 57 

The citizens of Salem have attested to his worth, by 
electing him to various town offices, and he represented 
the people in the Legislature, in 1867-8. 

His valuable service to the country was recognized in 
1869, being appointed in that year as Postmaster at 
Salem, which position he holds at the present writing. 

There are few men in this State more honored and 
respected than General Peirson, and every advancement 
he has received during his life has been worthily bestowed 
upon him. 

Many incidents could be mentioned of his kindness to 
his fellow men, both as an officer and in private life, and 
his cool judgment and forethought has often saved those 
who served under him many hardships and sufferings. 

It is but justice to General Peirson to say that he was 
one of the most popular Colonels of the Fifth Regiment, 
and the many favors shown the regiment during its term 
of service in the war was entirely due to his watchfulness 
and care over his command, and being a thorough discipli- 
narian and tactician, the Fifth often received the posts of 
honor on the weary march, or on the battle field. 

Roster op the Fifth Regiment in the Nine 
Months' Campaign. 

Colonel George H. Peirson, Salem. 

LieuteDant-Colonel, John T. Boyd, Charlestown. 
Major William E. C. Worcester, Marlboro'. 

Surgeon, William Ingalls, Winchester 

Assistant-Surgeon, Dixie C. Hoyt, Milford. 

Adjutant William T. Eustis, 3d, Charlestown. 

Quartermaster, George A. Norton, Boston. 

Chaplain, William F. Snow, Somerville. 

Sergeant-Major, James M. Shitte, . Somerville. 

QartermasterSergt., William H. Burbank, Medford. 

Commissary Sergt., Enoch J. Clark, Charlestown. 

Hospital Steward, John M. Foster, Salem. 



58 



HISTORY OP THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company A — Charlestown. 



Captain, James F. Green. 
1st Lieut., John McGrath. 
2d " James W. Dillon, 

1st Sergt., Garrett H. Roach. 
Michael Kelley, 
Matthew Welch. 
Michael O'Neil. 
Edward McElroy. 
Corporals, Daniel J. Sullivan. 
Jeremiah J. Ryan. 
Michael A. Neagle. 
Thomas Hinchey. 
George Hamilton. 
Michael S. Green. 
Musicians, Charles Kimball. 
Eugene K. Viles. 
Wagoner, James Reynolds. 
Priv'ts, Anderson, Daniel, 1st 
Anderson, Daniel, 2d 
Aldrich, Benjamin F. 
Breen, Walter 
Brennan, Michael 
Boyle, Michael 
Bonner, John * 
Brown, John* 
Baker, William J.* 
Coyle, Peter * 
Cadogan, Daniel 
Croghan, John 
Chase, Ede H. 
Clark, Joseph J. 
Carroll, John 
Carroll, William 
Carey, Thomas 
Conway, Thomas 
Devlin, Thomas 
Dempsey, John H. 
Donohoe, Michael 
Dalton, Michael 
Dowds, John 
Donallen, Dennison 
Donegan, Timothy 
Donegan, Jeremiah 
Desmond, Peter 
Dunbar, John 



Priv'ts, Davis, Matthew H.* 
Devine, John B. 
Earley, Patrick * 
Foley, Michael 
Flynn, John 
Griffin, Martin 
Gragan, Charles 
Gallagher, John 
Handley, William 
Hall, Thomas 
Higgins, Thomas 
Hooper, George E. 
Hunter, Patrick H. 
Harding, Charles H.* 
Keffe, William 
Kenefick, Patrick * 
Kenny, John 
Long, John 
Leonard, William A. 
Mulreaney, Patrick 
Murphy, Michael 
Morley, Alexander 
Mulrooney, William 
Marshall, James 
McGrath, Patrick 
McDonald, Lawrence 
McLeod, Peter 
McCarty, Daniel 
McLeod, James 
Maloney, Sylvester G. 
Mahoney, James 
Murray, John * 
Morris, John* 
O'Neil, Thomas 
Plunkett, James F. 
Riley, Matthew T. 
Ryan, Thomas * 
Sweeney, John 
Shaw, Albert 
Sheehan, John 
Sheehan, Timothy J 
Shopland, Frank * 
Welsh, Patrick 
Welsh, John 
Wiggins, James. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



59 



Company B — Somerville. 



Captain, Benjamin F. Parker. 
1st Lieut. Walter C. Bailey. 
2d " John Harrington. 

1st Sergt. Edward W. Denny. 

James E. Paul. 

Kingsley Wallace. 

Charles T. Robinson. 

Henry A. Angier. 
Corporal, Ebenezer C. Mann, Jr. 

Charles E. Davis. 

Granville W- Daniels. 

Nathaniel Dennett. 

Edwin Turner. 

Cyrus B. Rowe. 

Willard L. Hawes. 

William Shannon. 

William F. Snow. 

Thomas R. Watson. 
Musician, James H. Flagg. 

Frank Wallberg. 
Wagoner, Henry H. Robinson, 2d 
Priv'ts, Austin, Joseph A. 
Ayers, William 
Aiken, William A. 
Adams, Melvin 
Abbott, Nathaniel T. 
Arnold, Joseph 
Anderson, William W 
Allen, Lewis A. 
Anthony, Joseph 
Brackett, Charles K. 
Beers, Romanus E. 
Barnes, George W. 
Bruce, Calvin A. 
Barr, Thomas A. 
Butler, Alonzo 
Burroughs, George W. 
Brintnall, Samuel R. 
Cushing, Frederic 
Cashin, John 
Cobb, Frederic R. 
Chamberlin, Russell T. 
Clausen, John* 
Cunningham, James * 



Priv'ts, Daniels, Ferdinand D . 
Dusseault, Adolphus 
Dickson, William E. 
Dillaway, James H. 
Elliott, William 
Emmott, James 
Gilson, Henry E. 
Glidden, Alvin F. 
Greenwood, Moses F. 
Hollander, Charles B. 
Haley, Peter B. 
Holland, Charles H. 
Huston, Wells W 
Hallahan, Daniel 
Hinckley, George W- 
Hayes, Patrick 
Havlin, Michael 
Hubbard, Edwin A. 
Hartwell, Daniel A. 
Hanson, Joseph 
Jewett, James H. 
Kimball, George A. 
Lincoln, George E. 
Leavitt, John W. 
Loveless, Eli W 
Locke, William E. 
Levitt, John C. 
Minnaugh, Michael 
Maynard, George W. 
Moulton, Henry M. 
Mitchell, George E. 
Mills, John A. 
Manning, William 
Nedtlinger, Edward * 
Poor, John A. 
Pattee, George E. 
Potter, John H. 
Pressey, Charles A. 
Parsons, Benjamin B. 
Paul, Albert H. 
Roberts, John W. 
Ring, Gardner W 
Robinson, Henry H. 
Sinclair, Joseph 



60 



HISTOBY OF THE FIFTH BEGIMENT 



Company B- 

Priv'ts, Sturtevant, George F. 
Sie, Nicholas 
Shattuck, E. L. 
Stout, Edward * 
Thayer, Samuel J. F. 
Tomson, Francis H. 
Tompkins, Samuel G. % 



- Continued. 

Priv'ts, Woodwell, Charles H. 

"VVhitcomb, Francis E. 

White, Joseph A. 

Winslow, Edward E. 

Williams, Albert 

Willett, George A. 

Youmi, John 



Company C — South Danvebs. 



Captain, Robert S. Daniels. 
1 st Lieut. George F. Barnes. 
2d " Wm. L. Thompson. 

1st Sergt. John W. Stevens. 

Benj. F. South wick. 
Lewis A. Manning. 
George H. Little. 
Charles H. Kimball. 
Corporal, Joseph L. Nutter. 

Thomas W. Buxton. 
Horace S. Page. 
William F. Pingree. 
James Perkins. 
Joseph N. Burbeck. 
Perez L. Winchester. 
Nicholas M. Quint. 
Musician, Henry E. Holder. 

Charles A. Symonds. 
Wagoner, Albert Carleton. 
Priv'ts, Arnold, Frank T. 

Barnard, George W. 
Batchelder, George H. 
Bodge, Amos P. 
Bodge, Jacob G. 
Bushby, Joseph, jr. 
Buxton, George W- 
Boynton, John W. 
Beckett, William C. 
Curtis, William P. 
Colby, Charles 
Carr, Charles E. 
Dodge, John C. 
Evans, Orrin B. 
Farnham, Andrew N. 



Priv'ts, Foster, John M. 
Graves, John, jr. 
Goodridge, George H. 
Galencia, Samson B. 
Galencia, Perley 
Gilbert, James 
Hildreth, William H. 
Harrington, William H. 
Hutchinson, Benjamin F. 
Hutchinson, Cleaves K. 
Ham, Henry E. 
Hadley, Horace D. 
Hart, Samuel P. 
Ingalls, Amos 
Johnson, Frank E. 
Jacobs, George F. 
Jones, George W, 
Kimball, Hiram A. 
Kimball, Charles E. 
Low, George H. 
Lunt, William J. 
Larrabee, Henry 
Marsh, George E. 
McKay, Edward W. 
Manning, Charles L. 
Mackintire, Charles 
Moore, Benjamin N. 
Moore, George W. 
Mardon, John W 
Nevers, Charles W. 
Osgood, Joseph H. 
Osborne, Amos, 3d 
Peasley, Austin J. 
Peasley, Thomas W. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



61 



COMPAKT C 

Priv'ts, Plummer, Enoch F. 
Perkins, Albert H. 
Perkins, William H. 
Poor, George H. 
Pemberton, Frank A. 
Rhodes, Joseph 
Rhodes, Alphonso P. 
Ray, Thomas A. 
Rust, Elbridge 
Rose, Frederick J. 
Swett, Joseph H. 
Stone, Frederick T. 
Sanborn, John F. 
Small, Daniel A. 
Southwick, Lewis B. 

Webster, 



— Continued. 

Priv'ts, Searle, George 

Simonds, Benjamin R. 

Sumner, John A. P. 

Southwick, William H. 

Teel, George C. 

Trask, Charles 

Tufts, Albert 

Towne, Charles A. 

Upton, George A, 

Winchester, Benjamin J. 

Warner, Lorenzo D. 

Whidden, Albert H. 

Wiggin, Andrew J. 

Waterman, James L. 

Walkup, James E. 
Caleb A. J 



Company D — Charlestown. 



Captain, Thomas F. Howard. 
1st Lieut., George H. Marden, jr. 
2d " Charles P. Whittle. 

1st Sergt., Valentine Walburg. 

George W. Kilham. 

George Chell. 

John E. Marden. 

Edward G. Fox. 

George W Whittle. 
Corporals, William G. Ash. 

Albion B. Perham. 

Joseph F. Dwight. 

Samuel R. Marple. 

Joseph A. Crawford, 

Edward Farmiloe. 

Alexander E. Hews. 

Charles H. Arnold. 

George H. McLeod. 
Musicians, Albert B. Whittle. 

Albert Nelson. 
Priv'ts, Abern, Michael 
Alden, John 
Abbott, Albert C. 
Abrams, Charles B. 
Ayers, John H. 



Priv'ts, Boynton, William F. 
Battisto, John B. 
Brackett, Isaac W. 
Branch, Hiram R. 
Bibrim, Joseph 
Bailey, William 
Bailey, Henry C. 
Bowers, Charles E. 
Colman, William 
Carney, Charles J. 
Cassidy, Phillip 
Collins, Daniel 
Clough, William 
Chamberlin, John H. 
Conlin, Peter 
Doyle, William 
Delano, Frank E. 
Delaney, Daniel 
Durgin, John J. 
Dickson, Walter E. 
Doyle, Michael B. 
Evans, King S. 
Ester, George H. 
Ewing, Robert S. 
Gabriel, William A. 



62 



HISTORY OP THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company D — Continued. 



Priv'ts, Green, Thomas B. 
Hardy, William E. 
Ham, Frederick 
Hitchborn, Henry 
Hitchings, Lawson 
Johnson, Lewis E. 
Jackman, William * 
Jones, Charles 
Xing, Joseph F. 
Leighton, Thomas 
Lewis, Charles E. 
Lynch, John 
McLeod, John 
Murray, William F. 
McFarland, William 
Moulton, Frank B. 
McElroy, Edward 
Mardin, Charles 
Maguire, Thomas 
Niles, James 
O'Neil, Thomas 



Priv'ts, O'Brien, John * 
Poor, James W 
Perley, Elbridge G. 
Pierce, David H. 
Parker, Charles 
Palmer, Samuel* 
Bobbins, Samuel W. 
Bodgers, Matthew H. 
Randall, John C. 
Richardson, George H. 
Sendall, Henry J. 
Smith, Charles* 
Sweeney, James * 
Tannat, George S. 
Thompson, Isaac 
Trumbull, John B. 
Upton, Samuel 
Ward, John 
Williams, David O. 
Winters, Richard M. 
Walden, William H. 



Company E — Boston. 



Captain, John Kent. 
1st Lieut., George Myrick. 
2d " Andrew J. Holbrook. 
1st Sergt., Edwin F. Wyer. 

Isaac Myrick, jr. 

George A. Deering. 

Jarius Lincoln, jr. 

Lewis H. Kingsbury. 
Corporals, Zoeth Snow, jr. 

Daniel Wing. 

Horatio Howes. 

Henry Perkins. 

Edmund Matthews. 

Frank A. Wall. 

Joseph S. Bragdon. 

Alfred C. Finney, t 

George E. Hopkins. 
Musicians, Edward H. Lincoln. 

Robert W. Allen.* 



Priv'ts, Ackers, John L. P. 
Barrett, James 
Baker, Darius 
Baker, Watson 
Baker, Charles P. 
Baker, George H. 
Baker, Sylvester F 
Brooks, Webster 
Baker, Washington I. 
Chickering, Francis H. 
Comey, Albert B. 
Crosby, James F. 
Coleman, Isaac 
Chase, Lawrence 
Considine, John 
Chase, Edwin 
Cbamberlin, George S. 
Davis, S. Augustus 
Ellis, George A. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



63 



Company E 
Priv'ts, Ellis, Warren H. 
Ellis, Frederick N. 
Elbridge, Eben 
Elbridge, Thomas K. 
Fairbanks, Levi 
Frail, Henry M. 
Fisher, George S. 
Foss, Joseph 
Finney, Charles E. 
Gowell, John W 
Gray, Edmund H. 
Greenleaf, John W. 
Greenwood, Marcena M. 
Hall, George G. 
Hall, Hiram H. 
Hall, Luther 
Hall, Joseph W. 
Hall, Jeremiah G. 
Hartshorn, Joseph W. 
Howes, Henry F. 
Howes, Edwin 
Harrimon, Henry G.* 
Ives, Robert A. 
Jones, Eliphalet J. 
Jones, Enoch C. 
Jones, James B. 
Jenkins, Ellis 
Kingsley, Albert A. 
Libbey, Allen 
Morse, Ezra 
McCurdy, George A. 

Wheeler, 



— Continued. 
Priv'ts, McAnaney, Thomas 
Marchent, Allen 
Mansir, John 
Myrick, Joseph A. 
Mecarta, Elon S. 
MoultoD, Elbridge 
Ockington, Joseph P. 
Oler, Hermon 
Pollard, Charles C. 
Perry, Russell 
Payne, Dexter E. 
Paine, Benjamin F. 
Parker, John A. 
Perkins, Augustus 
Richardson, George W- 
Riley, William J. 
Rouke, James E. 
Seabury, Josiah W. 
Smalley, Peter B. 
Sharp, William 
Slocum, Smith P. 
Stokoe, Robert H. 
Scoboria, Peterly 
Skerry, Michael 
Spooner, Stephen 
Snow, David 
Stiles, Arthur W. 
Thatcher, Franklin 
Wyman, Benjamin F. 
Wilkinson, William 
Wenzell, Dana M. 

William H. 



Company F — Medeord. 



Captain, Charles Currier. 
1st Lieut. Alfred Haskell. 
2d " Elisha N. Pierce. 
1st Sergt. James F. Ginn. 

George N. Williamson. 

David O. Floyd. 

Francis A. Lander. 

Charles Russell. 



Corporals, George M. Teel. 
Lyman M. Lee. 
Everett Newhall. 
Edwin C. Burbank. 
Josiah W- Parker. 
George U- Kimball. 
Aug. G. Baxter. 
Silas F. Wild. 



64 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company F — Continued. 



Musician, Charles H. Prentiss. 
Lucius L. Woolley. 

Wagoner, Charles C. Pierce. 

Priv'ts, Adams, Joseph D. 
Adams, Samuel 
Bagley, Alonzo I. 
Brown, Hiram 
Butters, Andrew 
Bragdon, George W 
Black, Lewis 
Barker, William H. S. 
Breonahan, Jeremiah 
Clark, Gorham B. 
Currell, Elbridge G. 
Currell, Elbridge G., jr. 
Curtin, Francis 
Curtin, Andrew 
Denham, David A. 
Davis, Samuel 
Darling, Theodore 
Dwyer, Thomas 
Fett, Jacob 
Farley, Thomas 
Gilson, "William 
Gee, Nathaniel 
Gould, Thomas 
Garner, James 
Gray, Arthur W 
Howard, James 
Hooker, David S., jr. 
Hayford, Seth 
Harding, William 
Harding, Stephen t 
Hartshorn, Hollis 
Hervey, Frank 
Howe, Humphrey B. 
Hendarkin, Timothy * 
Hines, Ira 
Jones, William E. 
James, John 



Priv'ts, Kimball, Isaiah W 
Keene, Atwill C. 
Locke, James D. 
Litchfield, Joseph V 
Lawrence, William 
Lord, Stephen 
Looney, Timothy * 
Mason, Edwin H. 
McGillicuddy, James 
McAlear, James 
McKenney, Andrew 
Means, George W 
Miller, George W 
Mathews, Eben B. 
McGillicuddy, Daniel t 
Miller, William * 
Oliver, Samuel F. 
O'Connell, Michael 
O'Brien, Michael 
Page, Ephraim C. 
Peak, Horatio N., jr. 
Powell, John F. 
Powers, James N. 
Rich, Stillman 
Keed, Alvin E. 
Eiley, Michael 
Smith, Frank B. 
Stimson, Alden M. 
Stevens, Alfred 
Stock, Henry 
Sanborn, John H. 
Sampson, George H. 
Towle, James 
Tay, Francis I. 
Tyler, Daniel * 
Wood, Dexter T. 
Willis, Calvin W 
Walker, Judson 
White, John M. 
Wheeler, William M. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



65 



Company G — Woburn. 



Captain, William T. Crammer. 
1st Lieut., Charles S. Converse. 
2d " William A. Colgate. 
1st Sergt., John P. Stevens. 

Horace N. Hastings. 

James Walker. 

Thomas Glynn. 

Oliver W. Rogers. 
Corporals, Samuel R. Dolliver. 

Thomas T. Ferguson. 

Josiah Brown. 

George K. Home. 

Ephraim W- Hadley. 

Samuel E. Wyman. 

Joseph Johnson. 

Thomas J. Hall. 
Musicians, Thomas N. Sullivan. 

Samuel Rinn. 
Wagoner, John B. Davis. 
Priv'ts, Ames, Jacob 

Bancroft, George 
Blaisdell, Irving C. 
Bowers, Charles R. 
Buckman, Bowen, 2d. 
Buxton, Marshall F. 
Bulfinch, Henry 
Bulfinch, Edward 
Burns, John 
Carroll, Charles E. 
Carroll, Jerome 
Colegate, William C. C, 
Cottle, Edmund C. 
Cummings, William H. 
Cummings, Francis 
Crockett, Charles L. 
Champney, Edwin G. 
Danforth, Daniel W. 
Dearborn, George W. 
Dean, Henry U. 
Flagg, Charles A. 
Flagg, George A. 
Fletcher, Bernard 
Foss, Charles H. 
French, Samuel R. 



Priv'ts, Fuller, Charles E. 
Gleason, Albert, jr. 
Hart, Henry T. 
Hall, Abiatha M. 
Hopkins, Leonard F. 
Hill, Charles 
Jameson, Andrew 
Jones, Luther F. 
Johnson, John H. 
Kelley, George A. 
Kimball, George W. 
Kimball, Charles M. 
Kendall, William T. 
Kilborne, Walter A. 
Knowlton, James H. 
Knox, Joseph J. 
Lamon, George W- 
Lawrence, Eber H. 
LeBaron, Joseph F. S. 
LeBaron, John S. 
Linnell, Joseph 
Little, James 
Lord, Henry T. 
Lovejoy, Albert B. 
Marion, Horace E. 
Martin, Thomas 
Moore, Milton 
Murdock, Alexander 
Murphy, Michael K. 
Nickles, John R., jr. 
Patten, Weston S. 
Parker, George 
Parker, Charles 
Page, Alvin 
Richardson, Calvin W- 
Richardson, Clark T. 
Richardson, Johnson 
Richards, John M. 
Stowers, Thomas P. 
Staples, Fort 
Stevens, Orrin W. 
Stevens, Oscar F. 
Starkweather, Josiah F. 
Spear, William H. 



G6 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company G— Continued. 
Priv'ts, Seeley, Montressor Priv'ts, Wyman, John 

Spencer, Eben R. Walker, James H., 

Tay, John B., jr. Wade, Martin V 

Tabor, Newell Z. Wood, Charles T. 

Taylor, Dennis Winn, Otis K. 

Tenney, Warren E. Winn, Abel T. 

Weston, Henry G. 



Company H — Charlestown. 



Captain, Caleb Drew. J 
1st Lieut., Walter Everett. 
2d " D. Webster Davis. 
1st Sergt., John M. Call. 

Joseph Moulton. 
William Spaulding. 
Amos S. Hilton. 
Edward F. Everett. 
Corporals, John C. Carr. 

Thomas R. Roulstone. 
Charles H. Allen. 
Horatio N. Doyle. 
George Prescott. 
William D. F. Miller. 
Edward L. LeFerre.t 
Benj. G. Blanchard, jr.J 
Musicians, Joseph H. Knox. 
Joseph F. Mason. 
Wagoner, Joseph Daniels. 
Priv'ts, Archer, William H. 
Archer, Edwin W 
Allen, Frank E4 
Akins, John, jr. 
Barstow, Edward F. 
Beddoe, Thomas 
Bibrim, William F.| 
Butts, William D. 
Barrett, John, jr. 
Brazer, William H. 
Bryant, John 
Conn, Henry $ 
Colson, Charles A. 
Colbert, Lawrence E.J 
Cross, John 



Priv'ts, Claridsre, Frederick 
Davis, William W 
Dearborn, Daniel H. 
Everett, Horace S. 
Emerson, Howard B. 
Edgerly, Lyman W 
Fowler, Henry P. 
Goss, James F. 
Gay, John P 
Gordon, Charles H. 
Gary, Edwin F. 
Harrington, Arthur 
Hunting, Herbert W. 
Holmes, Warner A. 
Hildreth, Reuben 
Hildreth, John P. 
Harding, Alvin W 
Harding, Frederick H. 
Hardy, Henry C.| 
Ingalls, James P 
James, George 
Kenah, Ezra B. 
Lena an, Frederick W. 
Lincoln, Charles E. 
McAuslan, William H.$ 
Morrill, George E. 
Meader, John K. 
Mullett, Thomas W 
Morse, James A. 
Mallon, Andrew J. 
Mann, Charles H. 
Miskelley, James W 
Miskelley, Edward H. 
Mason, Theodore L. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



67 



Company H 
Priv'ts, Melvin, William W.J 
Nash, William EI., jr. 
Newcomb, Edward 
Poor, Edwin H. 
Pease, Albion P. 
Parshley, Alonzo V 
Parshley, Sylvester 
Parker, Daniel T. 
Prescott, Melvin 
Pomroy, Thomas J. 
Plaisted, George O. 
Eoulstone, Edwin A. 
Reed, Thomas B. 
Robinson, Frank T. 
Robei'tson, Charles M. 
Ramsey, Royal 

Whitney, 



— Continued. 
Priv'ts, Raymond, Joel, jr. 

Rice, Augustus R. 

Stoodley, Joseph E4 

Schillinger, Benjamin F. 

Seavey, Albert 

Schwartz, James L. 

Sumner, Stephen 

Stevens, Edward C. 

Stiles, Samuel D. 

Titus, D. Frank 

Varrell, John H. 

Webster, George A.t 

Williams, Samuel, jr. 

Whittemore, Theodosius, jr. 

Whiting, Henry L. 

Wiley, Samuel A.j: 
Edward F.I 



Company I — Marlboro' 



Captain, Charles B. Newton. 
1st Lieut., Andrew A. Powers. 
2d " William S. Frost, 
1st Sergt., William D. Taylor. 

Samuel L. Holt. 

George Balcom. 

A. S. Trowbridge; 

Henry II . Perry. 
1st Sergt., Thomas W Hazel. 
Corporals, Levi O. Cunningham. 

Henry A. Woodbury. 

John H. Sawyer. 

Amory S. Haynes. 

William Alley. 

Francis Babcock. 

William H. Larrabee. 

Frank Bean. 
Musicians, Lewis T. Howe. 

Willard G. Bruce. 
Wagoner, Micah B. Priest. 
Priv'ts, Adams, Charles 

Andrews, Henry K. W. 
Babcock, Edmund B. 
Babcock, Harrison T. 



Priv'ts, Babcock, William T. 
Barker, Jusdin D. 
Barnes, Joseph W 
Bennett, Freeman R. 
Berry, John E. 
Blake, Charles E. 
Blair, John 
Bliss, Charles H. 
Bond, Edmund E. 
Bourdreau, Eusibee 
Brewer, Theodore M. 
Brown, Edward A. 
Bullard, James M. 
Burgess, John F. 
Chase, Benjamin 
Claflin, James F. 
Crosby, Ariel 
Corser, George A. 
Dispeau, James F. 
Dumas, Peter 
Ellis, George 
Farnsworth, Luther H. 
Fogg, George 
Flynn, Jeremiah 



68 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company I — Continued. 



Priv'ts, Gibbs, Lyman 
Gibbs, William 
Grenache, Claude J 
Hartford, Erastus G. 
Hastings, Augustus L. 
Hastings, Edward M. 
Hill, Charles W 
Holt, Stephen A. 
Howe, Ephraim D. 
Howe, George W 
Howe, Wallace 
Hulburt, James D. 
Jilson, James 
Jordan, James W. 
Jourdan, John 
Kurtz, Charles 
Lancy, Samuel O. 
Loftus, Martin J. 
Lowell, Frank H. 
Mclntire, John 
Merrill, John A. 
Murphy, Richard 
Newton, Francis M. 
Nourse, Andrew L. 
Nourse, Joseph 
O'Brien, John 

Wright, 



Priv'ts, Pedrick, Joseph W 

Perry, Edward A. 

Pierce, William D. 

Priest, George O. 

Priest, Gilman 

Page, Frank W. 

Sawyer, Rufus C. 

Smith, Augustus E. 

Smith, George W. 

Smith, Stephen 

Spoesrel, George 

Stratton, Isaac C. 

Starkey, Charles B.J 

Temple, George L. 

Temple, Henry M. 

Temple, Marshall H. 

Whitcomb, David B. 

White, Charles H. 

White, Nathaniel H. 

Wood, Henry 

Wood, William W. 

Woodbury, Alfred I. 

Works, George L. 

Wright, Aaron W. 

Wright, Albert A. 

Wright, Charles E, 
Edward E, 



Company K — Watertown. 



Captain, Joseph Crafts. 
1st Lieut., Florence C. Crowley. 
2d " Ira J. Osborne. 
1st Sergt., John H. Carter. 

William F. Baldwin. 

John H. Whelon. 

Otis A. Whitcomb. 

Charles Brigham. 

Bainbridge S. Houghton, t 
Corporals, James G. Wormwood. 

Jacob G. Boyce. 

Charles Adams. 

Seldon H. Rosebrook. 

Joseph S. Perkins. 



Corporals, Zenas Winslow, 
James A. Ellis. 
Horace W Otis. 
William F. Fiske, 
Musicians, Thomas Miller. 

James Dunn. 
Wagoner, Lyman H. Chase. 
Priv'ts, Arnold, Ambrose 

Blanchard, James H. 
Bent, Judson 
Brogan, Michael 
Burns, Patrick 
Collins, John 
Curtis, John D. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



69 



Company K 
Priv'ts, Crowley, William 

Carsons, Elbridge C. 
Carsons, Francis D. 
Derby, Amos L. 
Daley, John 
DeWyre, Andrew 
Dardiss, Thomas 
Dexter, George A. 
Fisher, Charles R. 
Foster, Charles 
Garrity, Patrick 
Gleason, Daniel W. 
Grant, Samuel 
Gillespie, John E. 
Howe, Charles A. 
Howes, Micajah C. 
Hill, Charles F. 
Harrington, George E. 
Hilton, Charles C. 
Horn, George W., jr. 
Howard, Frederick A.* 
Ireland, Edward C. 
Jones, William 
Joyce, Patrick 
Kennedy, James 
Lindley, Austin W. 
Lyman, J. D. 
McCabe, Jeams F. 

Wilson, 



— Continued. 
Priv'ts, Mullaly, John 

McNamara, J. D.* 

McBride, Michael 

Nelson, Samuel 

Nichols, George C. 

Otis, Ward M. 

Ober, Peter A. 

Ober, Oliver M. 

Parsons, William H. 

Pond, John A. 

Priest, Charles H. 

Penderghast, Thomas 

Priest, Francis H.{ 

Rand, Nahum 

Richardson, Edward F. 

Russell, Jeremiah, jr. 

Rhoades, George L.* 

Stackpole, Edwin A. 

Smith, Thomas G. 

Sullivan, Dennis 

Sibley, Mark N. 

Sanger, Charles E. 

Stanley, John S. 

Stanton, Jacob C., jr. 

Shute, James G. 

Tyghe, Joseph 
Toole, Patrick 

Wilson, Daniel H. 
James. 



Band. 

J. Kennedy, Leader. 
H. K. Holder. G. A. McCurdy. 

Samuel Rinn. Weston. 

Brooks. Perkins. 

Morse. Wormwood. 

Sinclair. John Wyman. 

■ — - Parker. C. H. Prentiss. 

J. K. Meader. L. L. Wooley. 

— - Whitcomb. 



* Deserted. 



t Died. 



70 history of the fifth regiment 

The One Hundred-Day's Men. 

Just before the midsummer of 1864, the authorities at 
Washington feared a visit from Lee's troops when the 
army of the Potomac should be placed on the South side 
of the James River. 

The contemplated point of diversion was the National 
Capitol, and the most feasible way to reach it, by Con- 
federate troops, seemed to be by the Shenandoah Valley 
across the Potomac into Maryland, taking it in reverse. 
This apparent movement, if undertaken, would call into 
use the whole available arnry in the Middle Department, 
under General Lew Wallace, and foreseeing this, the Pres- 
ident called for one hundred-day volunteers. 

As usual, Massachusetts immediately recruited her 
quota, and the Fifth, under Col. George H. Peirson, left 
camp July 28th, 1864, with 886 men, with orders to pro- 
ceed to Washington, but were detained by order of Gen. 
Lew Wallace at Baltimore, and were sent by him into camp 
at " Manikin's Wood," some four miles from Baltimore. 
Soon after this, the entire regiment were ordered to Fort 
McHenry, commanded by General Morris, and under 
Col. Peirson, the regiment garrisoned the Fort for several 
weeks. Companies B, E, and H were ordered to Fort 
Marshall, commanded by Col. Peirson, Major Grammer 
retaining command of those companies left in Fort Mc- 
Henry that were not detailed under Col. Worcester at 
Federal Hill. There were several details of companies 
and detachments at various times, Corporal Webster of 
Co. H, and seven men had charge of the Lazerette Maga- 
zine, Lieut. Fowler of Co. F, and 20 men were stationed 
at Fort Carrol, Capt. Marden of Co. D, had charge of a 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 71 

portion of the recruits for distribution ; Capt. D. Webster 
Davis of Co. H, with several other Companies did some 
important duties at Monocacey, and during election, most 
of the regiment was stationed at various points on the 
Eastern shore of Maryland. 

The regiment was assembled on the 1st of November, 
and prepared for their return home. During their term 
of service they performed their duties with great satisfac- 
tion to the Commander of the 8th Army Corps. General 
Lew Wallace, and General Morris in command of Fort 
McHenry complimented Lieut. William H. Spaulcling, of 
Co. H, for the efficient manner in which he had performed 
the duties of Post Adjutant. 

Colonel George H. Peirson was president of the Mili- 
tary Commission, and of the Court Martial in Baltimore. 

The Charlestown Companies were received in Boston, 
upon their arrival home on the morning of the 7th of No- 
vember, 1864, by a battalion of past members of the Artil- 
lery, City Guards, and Cadets, numbering 300 men, under 
command of Col. J. B. Norton as Chief Marshal, assisted 
by John M. Call, William W Davis, and James Swords. 
The line of march was taken up, and proceeded toward 
Charlestown, and upon reaching City Square, the Band 
struck up " Home, Sweet Home," and the companies 
marched to Prescott Hall, where a bountiful collation was 
prepared by Enoch J. Clark. Mayor Stone welcomed the 
soldiers, and was pleased that they had arrived home in 
time to vote. 

The regiment was mustered out of service Nov. 16th, 
1864, at Readville. 



72 



HISTORY OP THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Roster of the Fifth Regiment for One Hundred 

Days, 1864. 

Field and Staff. 



Colonel, 

Lieutenant-Colonel, 

Major, 

Surgeon, 

Assistant-Surg on, 

Adjutant, 

Quartermaster, 

Sergeant-Major, 

Quartermaster-Sergeant, 

Commissary-Sergeant, 

Hospital Steward, 



Geoege H. Peirson. 
William E. C. Worcester. 
William T. Grammer. 
Joshua B. Treadwell. 
George H. Jones. 
Edwin Wyer. 
Charles Currier. 
William H. Hurd. 
Daniel W. Lawrence. 
Thomas T. Ferguson. 
M. Augustus Fuller. 



Company A — South Boston. 



Captain, George H. Homer. 
1st Lieut., Charles J. Craibe. 
2d " Edward P Jackson. 
1st Sergt., William Lutted. 
J. C. Singer. 
Augustus Ray. 
John E. Walsh. 
David A. Nason. 
Corporals, George H. Troup. 
George X. Cragin. 
Lemuel B. S. Dwelley. 
Frederick Crowell, 
Charles Spear, 
Alexander Peterson. 
Joseph W. Finney. 
Charles E. Jackson, 
Musicians, Lyman R. Whitcomb. 

Charles M. Melville. 
Priv'ts, Atkinson, F. E. 
Barnard, B. W. 
Bartlett, C. W. 
Baumeister, John 
Burns, William 
Califf, W- S. 
Callahan, J. F. 
Chipman, Samuel K. 
Churchill, E. R. 



Priv'ts, Clark, C. S. 
Colton, D. S. 
Conway, T. 
Cracklin, J. F. 
Crook, Charles 
Cutter, James R. 
Dean, John 
Degam, Phillip 
Doherty, P. 
Earnest, Anet 
Fernald, H. 
Fitzgerald, John. 
French, B. F. 
Frizzel, James 
Flynn, John J. 
Digby, G. J. 
Goodwin, Benjamin 
Goodwin, Charles A. 
Grant, John 
Griffin, Frank 
Gurry, John 
Harold, Bernard E. 
Howes, Alvin C. 
Howe, Frederick 
King, Louis II. 
Kilduff, William T. 
Lamb, Edward C. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



73 



Company A— Continued 



Priv'ts, Lang, Alfred T. 

Ledwith, Bernard 
Leonard, Wendell 
Lincoln, George W 
Love, Walter W. 
Macon, Michael 
Mason, William 
McGilpin, John 
Mclntire, George A. 
McKeon, Frank 
McNamara, Frank 
Mundy, Thomas B. 
Norton, John 
Otis, James 
Phinney, Prince A. 
Pike, William F. 
Plympton, William 



Priv'ts, Robinson, Edwin 
Roe, Walter W- 
Schromm, John 
Sheehan, C. H. 
Stevens, Charles E. 
Stevens, George 
Sullivan, Daniel S. 
Sullivan, Patrick 
Swallow, Thomas J. 
Tenney, G. L. 
Tibbets, G. W. 
Thompson, James E. 
Tucker, George A. 
Turner, William J. 
Tyree, John C. 
Williams, Henry 
Wright, Joseph R. 



Company B — Somerville. 



Captain, John N. Coffin. 
1st Lieut., Chas. T. Robinson. 
2d " Granville W. Daniels. 
1st Sergt., George W. Burrows. 

Wm. E. Dixon. 

Wallace M. Wotten. 

C. E. Hobbs. 

Philip O. Woodberry. 
Corporals, Edward H. Aiken. 

Jabez P. Dill. 

George H. Hale. 

Fred. W. Johnson. 

John McMaster. 

O. M. Ober. 

Amos Pettingell. 

Frank G. Williams. 
Musicians, E. S. Hopkins. 

F. Walburg. 
Priv'ts, Allen, S. J. 

Bailey, Alvin R. 
Bartlett, H. A. 
Blanchard, A. B. 
Bradley, J. R. 



Priv'ts, Breenen, J. E. 

Butman, William 
Calef, H. S. 
Carter, H. F. 
Cochrane, E. W. 
Crown, W S. 
Curran, Timothy 
Davenport, C. H. 
Davis, James 
Dennis, John 
Draper, G. L. 
Dunn, James 
Ellis, J. W 
Flanders, C. E. 
Freeman, C. H. 
Freeman, S. Frank 
Furfey, Patrick 
Goodrich, H. D. 
Goodwin, W. H. 
Hall, S. S. 
Hart, Edward 
Hatch, John W. 
Heath, T. H. 



74 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company B — Continued. 



Priv'ts, Hodson, Henry 
Holman, Alvin 
Hopkins, L. P. 
Hurd, Luther 
Ireland, James L. 
James, Frank 
Knapp, Samuel 
Lewis, Geo. F. 
Lovering, Henry 
McCart, James 
McCormick, J. H. 
McCurdy, James 
McDermott, Frank 
Miller, W A. 
Morgan, C. C. 
Neiss, Geo. B. 
O'Leary, Arthur W 
Packard, John A. 
Page, Caleb A. 
Palmer, G. E. 
Peacock, Edward 
Pond, John F. 



Priv'ts, Prescott, Warren R. 
Powers, Joseph E. 
Pratt, Thos. S. 
Preston, L. H. 
Putney, Alverdo 
Randall, William 
Ricker, George F. 
Richmond, James 
Robinson, J. Warner 
Rood, Charles H. 
Russell, Wm. O. 
Sanborn, Tudor 
Stevens, S. H. 
Stone, Frank S. 
Taft, Albert M. 
Tufts, Albert 
Tyler, C. H. 
Vibbert, A. H. 
Wellington, Edwin R. 
Wellington, S. L. 
White, Fred, A. 
Winnard, Edwin. 



Company C — Danvers. 



Captain, Geo. F. Barnes. 
1st Lieut., Wm. L. Thompson. 
2d " B. F. Southwick. 
1st Sergt., Louis A. Manning. 

Geo. H. Little. 

Jos. N. Burbeck. 

Wm. H. Hildreth. 

Henry H. Waugh. 
Corporals, Frank D. Tripp. 

James L. Waterman. 

Edward B. Durfee. 

Frank P Reed. 

Thos. L. Putnam. 

Benj. N. Moore. 

Joseph H. Swett. 

Isaac D. Paul. 
Musicians, Charles L. Mason. 

Arthur G. Leonard. 



Priv'ts, Abbott, A, B. 

Beckett, William C. 
Bodge, William H. 
Bosworth, F. 
Brown, Andrew K. 
Buxton, S. P. 
Carr, Charles E. 
Durant, L. S. 
Eldridge, Lewis Y. 
Estes, R, G. 
Farnum, George A. 
Finley, John W- 
Gage, George L. 
Galeucia, S. B, 
Graham, George S. 
Glinn, Charles F. 
Hall, William H. 
Hamilton, Charles L. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



75 



Company C — Continued. 



Priv'ts, Harrington, George E. 
Haven, L. C. 
Hildreth, Stephen G. 
Hill, John Q. 
Holland, Henry, jr. 
Howes, M. C. 
Jacobs, Andrew N. 
Johnson, F. E. 
Leonard, M. B. 
Lonsdale, James 
Marsh, George A. 
Meek, Henry M. 
Merrill, Henry A. 
Metzger, William 
Morse, Charles S. 
Motley, Patrick 
Munroe, B. F. 
Nichols, Enoch 
Nourse, Samuel W 
Osgood, George H. 
Paine, William H. 
Parkinson, Jacob 
Pearson, Amos 
Perry, William A. 
Place, Charles W 
Poor, F. W 
Procter, Edward W. 
Raddin, Albert 
Rochester, D. M. 



Priv'ts, Rounds, H. F. 
Rounds, Ira F. 
Rowell, G. 
Rudderham, Charles 
Russell, John H. 
Safford, Asa 
Shannon, John F. 
Shove, Edward 
Smith, Richard E. 
Stackpole, William A. 
Stanley, Gustavus 
Stiles, Augustus 
Stiles, Charles 
Studley, Timothy R. 
Sweet, Horace W- 
Symonds, Charles A. 
Teel, George C. 
Thatcher, Thomas N. 
Tilton, S. S. 
Trask, Samuel P. 
Tuckerman, A. H. 
Turner, Erdix T. 
Wardwell, Henry 
Welch, William P. 
White, Edson H. 
Whittemore, Henry 
Wiley, Z. T. 
Wordell, Uriah 
Wordell, Weston 



Company D — Charlestown. 



Captain, G. H. Marden, jr. 
1st Lieut. Charles P. Whittle. 
2d " George W Kilham. 
1st Sergt. George Chell. 

John E. Marden. 

Edward G. Fox. 

Alex E. Hewes. 

Charles J. Carney. 
Corporals, Albert C. Abbott. 

John Ward. 

William A. Stodder. 

Philip E. Cassidy. 



Corporals, John Durgin. 

Elijah D. Gossom. 
Eugene J. Miller. 
Howard F. Rowe. 
Musicians, James M. Jackson. % 

Daniel Coughlin. 
Priv'ts, Anderson, D. W. 
Badger, Stillman 
Bent, George H. 
Berry, Charles S. 
Blake, Charles W. 
Bullard, Charles D. 



76 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company D 

Priv'ts, Colburn, Charles F. 
Cross, Eben M. 
Dooley, J. A. 
Drown, A. H. 
Ester, George H. 
Foster, William B. 
Gabriel, Charles 
Gage, M. H. 
Gahm, Joseph 
Gardner, George 
Gilbert, John H. 
Grace, William L. 
Grant, George W. 
Green, Daniel L. 
Hammond, George A. 
Harney, James M. 
Harrington, John G. 
Harrington, Thomas J. 
Hatch, Seth 
Hertel, Frederic U. 
Hollis, Frederic A. 
Hollis, William L. 
Holmes, Edward A. 
Huff, George H. 
Hunter, M. C. 
Jones, Howard 
Keefe, James J. 
Kennedy, E. H. 
Kimball, L. B. 
Lake, A. A. 
Lander, William D. 
Lennehan, M. W 
Libbey, Charles W. 



— Continued. 

Priv'ts, Mack, Edward A. 
Macomber, Charles 
Madden, Thos. F. 
Mason, Daniel 
McCabe, James F. 
McDonald, Joseph H. 
McEleney, Philip J. 
Mclntire, James 
Mclntire, John C. 
McLeod, John 
Middleton, James W. 
Minot, Johan 
Poor, James W. 
Putnam, George 
Putney, H. B. 
Randall, John C. 
Richards, Charles H. 
Robinson, Charles 
Robie, Henry L. 
Sanderson, Frederic 
Seavey, Albert 
Simonds, William F. 
Smith, Charles H. 
Smith, Edward F. 
Stodder, J. F. 
Tibbetts, D. W 
Tolman, H. J. 
Towne, H. M. 
Turnbull, J. H. 
Wemyss, Charles C. 
Whitney, Moses 
Woodbury, Henry 
Wright, Thomas H. 





Company 


£ — Marlboro' 


Captain, 


David L. Brown. 


Corporals, 


John Brown. 


1st Lieut.. 


, George L. Crosby. 




Henry H. Spring. 


2d " 


William B. Rice. 




Frank McKendry. 


1st Sergt., 


Alfred D. Gleason. 




Francis G. Carter. 




T. Augustus Hills. 




George R. Damon. 




S. H. Parker. 




George 0. Priest. 




M. P. Rice. 




C. F. Pierce. 




Ephraim Gates, jr. 




John F. Whiting 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



77 



Company E 
Priv'ts, Agin, Thomas 
Albee, M. H. 
Alley, E. R. 
Baird, J. H. 
Barnard, George D. 
Barrows, Joel E. 
Bennett, A. A. 
Bennett, G. L. 
Bingham, Charles G. 
Blackington, George D. 
Brewer, Henry C. 
Brigham, A. M. 
Brown, E. A. 
Brown, G. F. 
Bullard, W- H. 
Butterworth, A. D. 
Butterworth, L. N. 
Clark, C. W. 
Conant, H. C. 
Cook, Aldrich 
Cox, L. A. 
Cummings, A. F. 
Cunningham, C. C. 
Davidson, Edward A.J 
Donally, Thomas 
Driver, George N. 
Drumey, John 
Dugan, Michael 
Ellwell, H. W. 
Fairbanks, A. P. 
Felton, H. F. 
Fitzgerald, John 
Franklin, Asa M. 
Gates, Jerome S. 
Hastings, E. Murton 
Henry, William E. 
Hinckley, Dexter B. 
Hudson, Herbert A. 
Jones, Edward 
Kirby, John W. 
Larreau, Edward 



— Continued. 

Priv'ts, Lawrence, Samuel A. 

Lowd, George W. 

Mace, H. W 

McAuslan, James 

McGee, John 

Miles, Alonzo 

Miles, L. H. 

Morgan, Thomas 

Morse, J. T. 

Murray, Thomas 

Newton, F. B. 

Nicholls, John M. 

Nourse, Adrian T. 

Nourse, Fred. F.J 

Nourse, Parkman 

Nourse, Roscoe 

Oaks, J. G. 

O'Connell, Daniel 

Owens, John F. 

Parker, George H. 

Perry, Crosby A. 

Piper, Fred. G. 

Proctor, William T. 

Quigg, John 

Reed, Henry 

Richardson, George A. 

Russell, A. W 

Russell, George S. 

Smith, G. C. 

Stevens, F. E. 

Tebo, Peter 

Thompson, George E. 

Tucker, Nathan T. 

Wallace, Charles E. 

Wheeler, J. W. 

Whiting, Ithamar 

Whitney, Edward 

Whitney, J. W 

Wilder, Granville W 

Wilder, J. W 

Wollmer, John A. 



78 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company F — Boston. 



Captain, Philip J. Cootey, 
1st Lieut., William C. Gough. 
2d " Walter S. Fowler. 
1st Sergt., A. Jacobs- 
Edward W. Trescott. 

Loring A. Chase. 

George P. Walcott. 

Charles E. Cook. 
Corporals, William A. Gould. 

George B. Boles. 

George J. Morse. 

Winslow Herrick. 

Edward D. Cornish. 

Cyrus A. Page. 

George C. Appleton. 

George C. C. Sturtevant, 
Priv'ts, Arnold, Alfred E. 

Atkinson, William D. 
Averill, George H. 
Baker, B. F. 
Bartlett, C. E. 
Barton, Alfred 
Blood, C. F. 
Bond, F. H. 
Bridge, Samuel G. 
Bruce, Samuel C. 
Buffam, F. F. 
Bunton, William H. 
Carter, Frank 
Cheever, Joseph W. 
Clapp, E. A. 
Clark, C. D. 
Claridge, A. S. 
Cobb, Charles H. 
Crocker, J. T. 
Cushing, Robert 
Danforth, Noble 
Dearborn, L. 
Dennison, J. W. 
Dudley, J. V 
Ewer, G. F. 
Evans, William D. 
Faunce, W H. 



Priv'ts, Ferguson, H. C 
Fisk, Wilbur A. 
Foss, G. C. 
Gay, E. W. 
Grant, C. E. 
Gustin, Lorenzo 
Handy, C. F. 
Hardy, Stephen 
Harrington, George S 
Herrick, Charles F. 
Higginson, Lewis 
Hill, J. G. 
Hillard, F. S. 
Holland, W A., jr. 
Jones, Oscar 
Keith, H. A. 
Kingsbury, George C.| 
Kimball, Charles L. 
Lawrence, W- H. H. 
Lethbridge, William H. 
Lincoln, Revere 
Lovett, F. H. 
Lyons, Charles E. 
Lyon, W. A. 
Mansfield, Ezra A. 
Mansfield, T. F. 
Maynard, J. F. 
McClannin, Joseph W. 
McLean, John F. 
Norcross, Arthur 
Palmer, Charles D. 
Perry, C. W. B. 
Pierce, Nicholas 
Prouty, A. B. 
Rand, J. H. 
Richards, Edward H. 
Rogers, Eugen L. 
Salisbury, W G. 
Saunders, Sidney 
Shaw, J. G. 
Slattery, J. J. 
Smith, S. L. 
Stoddard, Elliot 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



79 



Company F — Continued. 
Priv'ts, Tisdale, William Priv'ts, Weeks, 1ST. O. 

Townsend, Edward A. Whitney, Charles J 

Underhill, A. S. 
Vinal, George E. 
Weeks, Henry 

Young, Frank A. 



Whitaker, George L. 
Wills, Robert 
Young, Carlos G. 



Company G — Woburn. 



Captain, Charles S. Converse. 
1st Lieut., Edwin F. Wyer. 
" " Charles E. Fuller. 
2d " Charles E. Fuller. 
" " Montresser Seeley. 
1st Sergt., Samuel R. Dolliver. 
Montresser Seeley. 
Thomas J. Hall. 
Horace E. Marion. 
Samuel E. Wyman. 
Charles Parker. 
Thomas T. Ferguson. 
Corporals, Otis K. Winn. 

Edward G. Champney. 
Edmund C. Cottle. 
Webster Brooks. 
Charles E. Wood. 
E. W Hadley. 
Samuel R. French. 
George A. Kelley. 
George A. Flagg.J 
Priv'ts, Adams, Henry 

Allen, Montresser T. 
Alley, William 
Bartlett, Charles A. 
Bennett, D. F. 
Bidwell, J. F. 
Bradford, C. W. 
Brigham, S. T. 
Brown, J. S. 
Bullard, E. B. 
Burbank, Charles 
Butters, George S. 
Carter, C. W. 



Priv'ts, Carton, Richard. 

Chadbourn, Humphrey 
Cheney, A. F. 
Chamberlain, E. C. 
Coffin, Eben M. 
Cook, E. H. 
Cook, H. E. 
Cook, P. X. 
Cormick, Peter 
Cummings, Everett 
Curtis, J. W 
Cutter, Stephen H. 
Dean, H. U. 
Duren, G. W 
Eaton, Marshall 
Ellis, James K. 
Folger, J. H. 
Franklin, B. A., jr. 
Frye, Timothy 
Green, John E. 
Hadley, Henry 
Hall, Joseph W- 
Hall, Luther 
Halliday, Frederic P. 
Harriman, Hiram 
Heath, Benjamin 
Hooper, Charles O. 
Hunt, Perley M. 
Kimball, G. W 
Knowlton, J. H. 
Knox, J. J. 
Lawrence, E. H. 
Leach, A. A. 
Leonard, William 



80 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company G 
Priv'ts, Litchfield, Lorenzo 
Littlefield, Clarence 
Marden, David 
Merriam, F. E. 
Moulton, Elbridge 
Newell, Frank A. 
Newell, Frederic A. 
Newhall, A. A. 
Parkhurst, Herbert 
Pearsons, Horace R. J 
Perrego, J. G. 
Perry, E. B. 
Perry, H. W- 
Pettee, H. A. 
Pierce, Warren T. 
Poole, P. T. 
Pond, F. A. 

York, 



Continued. 
Priv'ts, Richardson, G. W. 
Sawtelle, W H. 
Smith, Norman 
Sullivan, T. V- 
Sweet, Albert A. 
Taylor, Dennis 
Tufts, C. W. 
Wade, Martin V B. 
Walker, James H. 
Ward, George F. 
Waugh, W. W- 
Wheeler, John S. 
Whitten, Bufus R. 
Williams, Fred. G. 
Williams, George F. 
Wood, Fred. H. 
Wright, Daniel, jr. 
William S. 



Company H — Charlestown. 



Captain, D. Webster Davis. 
1st Lieut., William Spaulding. 
2d " Andrew J. Bailey. 
1st Sergt., James K. Churchill. 

William H. Macauslan. 

Thomas B. Roulstone. 

William D. F. Miller. 

Alonzo Parshly. 
Corporals, Ezra B. Kenah. 

George A. Webster. 

William H. Archer. 

Thomas W. Mullett. 

Henry C. Cutter. 

Benjamin D. Willey. 

Eben White, jr. 

George F. Eaton. 
Musicians, Charles H. Prentiss. 

Walter C. Kelley. 
Priv'ts, Barstow, E. F. 
Barnard, Henry 
Batchelder, George 
Blaisdell, Charles H. 



Priv'ts, Caryl, Henry 

Caswell, Jacob A. 
Cheney, Benjamin F. 
Chesley, William 
Clark, George E. 
Colbert, Lawrence E. 
Cole, Albert G.J 
Colson, Charles A. 
Crowningshield, Jacob 
Cottle, Albert 
Cummings, Lyman W 
Cutter, William B. 
Davis, Henry 
Davis, John 

Downing, Washington J. 
Draper, Samuel 
Edmonds, Dexter A. 
Flannagin, Matthew J. 
French, Samuel A. 
Gadd, George W. 
Gilman, Granville 
Goldsmith, Howard 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



81 



Company 
Priv'ts, Gowen, John 

Hadlock, William E. 
Hammond, D. P. 
Harding, F. H. 
Hatch, John Q. 
Hichborn, H. G. 
Hill, Frank 
Jordan, Henry L. 
Kidder, A. F. 
Lewis, Charles H. 
Loring, George H. M . 
Loureiro, Constantine 
Lovejoy, Fred. A. 
McDonald, James P, 
McAllaster, B. F. 
Merritt, O. P. 
Miller, J. F. 
Murrey, Edward 
Murrey, Michael 
Newhall, George W. 



H — Continued. 

Priv'ts, Norwood, H. J. 
Osgood, A. G. 
Palmer, Samuel, jr. 
Poole, Charles F. 
Prescott, George W. 
Reed, W. C. B 
Richardson, George H. 
Roberts, John W 
Robertson, W. H. C. 
Sargent, Andrew J. 
Sewall, A. C. 
Seymour, Herbert F. 
Simonds, N. P. 
Stone, Charles H. 
Taggard, George E. 
Titus, George F. 
Vottier, Alexander G. 
Waterman, Anthony 
Waterman, Frank O. 
Wilson, George E. 



Company I — Hudson. 



Captain, Andrew A. Powers. 
1st Lieut., William S. Frost. 
2d " Luther H. Farnsworth. 
1st Sergt., Levi O. Cunningham. 

John H. Sawyer. 

Amory S. Haynes. 

Frank Bean. 

David B. Whiteomb. 
Corporals, Albert A. Wright. 

William T. Babcock. 

J. H. Berry. 

Henry K. W. Andrews. 

Edward E. Wright. 

John F. Rose. 

Arel Crosby. 

William W Wood. 
Musicians, W. G. Bruce. 

J . Francis Whitney. 
Priv'ts, Albee, Charles H. 
Aldrich, George 



Priv'ts, Andrews, J. A. 

Atkinson, George 
Ball, Elliott H. 
Bond, E. E. 
Bordreau, Peter 
Bride, J. W. 
Brigham, A. A. 
Brigham, Wilbur F. 
Brown, Frank E. 
Brown, Henry E. 
Bryant, Joseph A. 
Carr, Thomas 
Cavanaugh, James 
Clark, G. Alonzo 
Coburn, Cyrus E. 
Crosby, George O. 
Darling, George 
Darling, Seth W. 
Davison, F. J. 
Dyar, Edward F. 



82 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Company I 

Priv'ts, Eager, Frank R. 

Emerson, Edwin R. 
Fay, Frederic 
Fisher, Lyman 
Gates, Lyman B. 
Goode, Thomas 
Gott, Lemuel, jr. { 
Hartshorn, E. H. 
Hastings, A. L. 
Holden, L. C. 
Horton, James A. 
Howe, E. L. 
Howe, George A. 
Howe, George L. 
Howe, John H. 
Johnston, James R. 
Keyes, Sumner W. 
Latham, S. B. 
Lavally, Lewis 
Lawrence, Rosswell 
Lyman, R. F. 
Moore, J. A. 
Newton, C. C. M. 
Ordway, T. C. 
Parmenter, H. L. 

Wright, 



— Continued. 
Priv'ts, Parmenter, J. W 
Parmenter, W. A. 
Powers, Amos P. 

Powers, Edward L. 

Randall, H. N. 

Rice, Charles W 

Rice, Henry 

Roe, C. E. 

Scott, Henry 

Smith, S. F. 

Spoerel, George 

Stone, Orville E. 

Stratton, I. C. 

Tenney, W. H. 

Tolman, H. J. 

Trowbridge, J. C. 

Underwood, G. 

Weed, G. C. 

Wheeler, L. F. 

Wilkins, Lewis 

Wilson, Henry 

Wood, Charles A. 

A\ 7 ood, Charles T. 

Wood, Stillman P. 

Woodbury, Alfred I. 
Charles E. 



Company K — Stoneham. 



Captain, Francis M. Sweetser. 
1st Lieut., Marshall P Sweetser. 
2d " Moses Downs, jr. 
1st Sergt., Jefferson Hayes. 

Joseph W- Fields. 

George Jones. 

Andrew M. Latham. 

John B. Clough. 

William H. Hurd. 
Corporals, Eli N. Cotton. 

M. J. Ferren. 

M. Lahey. 

Henry C. Keen. 



Corporals, Charles Lane. 
Ira G. Perry. 
Alvin E. Hersey. 
John Kingman. 
Musicians, Dennis A. Barnes. 

Roscoe M. Flanders. 
Priv'ts, Atkinson, Benjamin 
Austin, F. H. 
Briggs, Jeff. L. 
Bonville, Lewis 
Brown, George B. 
Brown, Robert K. 
Bruce, George W 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



83 



Company K- 
Priv'ts, Butterfleld, W- G. 
Churchill, A. K. 
Clark, Moses 
Clement, J. H. 
Cobb, F. E. 
Coffin, James 
Cook, John O. 
Coney, George A. 
Converse, Cyrus 
Crosby, D. G. 
Cummings, W. F. 
Edwards, Wesley 
Elliott, W F. 
Flanders, E. P. 
Ford, William E. 
Gilmore, J. S. 
Grover, G. H. 
Grover, William W. 
Hadley, Aaron S. 
Hadley, G. H. 
Hall, J. H. 
Harriman, Archibald 
Harriman, Franklin 
Hawkins, E. D. 
Hewitt, Henry 
Holden, Albert N. 
Hooper, G. E. 
Howard, B. W. 
Jewell, C. H. 
Jones, Andros B. 
Jones, John F. 
Jones, P C. 
Kelley, Owen 
Keen, Alonzo 
Keenan, James 



- Continued. 

Priv'ts, Lynde, Granville 

Martin, John W. 

McCall, P. 

McKay, John 

McNamara, John 

Moran, John 

Morse, Sanford A. 

Murray, George 

ISTewhall, S. Hi 

Norris, True L. 

Paige, Orra 

Peabody, D. D. 

Pennell, J. W- 

Perry, A. E. 

Peyton, James 

Phillips, H. L. 

Poor, Charles 

Quimby, L. T 

Raverty, Hugh 

Richardson, D. K. 

Robbins, Andrew 

Robertson, L. O. 

Rowe, Henry 

Skinner, J. H. 

Smith, Stephen F. 

Stearnes, E. W 

Sturtevant, George E. 

Taylor, Seth E. 

Thurlow, S. A. 

Till son, Elijah A. 

White, H. M. 

White, H. H. 

White, W. L. 

Wilson, Joseph W- 

Woodman, Milton C. 



t Died. 



84 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Re-Organtzation. 

The regiment was not disbanded upon its return from 
one hundred days' service, many of the old organization 
still holding on to their membership under Col. George 
H. Peirson, and on several occasions performed escort and 
other military duties. 

On the 18th of May, 1866, the regiments of the State 
were re-organized, and the companies were reduced from 
101, rank and file, to 60. 

Field and Staff, 1866. 

Colonel, William T. Grammee. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, George A. Meacham. 

Major, Geoege H. Mariikx, Jr. 

Adjutant, Walter Everett. 

Quartermaster, Daniel W. Lawbence. 

Assistant-Surgeon, 

Chaplain, 



The following companies constituted the Fifth under 
the re-organization, and were a part of the 2d Brigade. 

Co. A, Capt. Geoege F, Chapin, (26th unattached Co.). . .Charlestown. 

Co. B, Capt. Geanville W- Daniels Somerville. 

Co. C, Capt. Geoege A. Meacham (12th unattach.Co.). .Cambridge. 

Co. D, Capt. Geoege H. Mabden, jr, Charlestown. 

Co. E, Capt. Isaac F. R. Hosea, Medfoid. 

Co. F, Capt. Godfrey Ryder, jr., (39th unattach. Co.). . .Medford. 

Co. G, Capt. Cyeus Tay, Woburn. 

Co. H, Capt. D. Webstee Davis, Charlestown. 

Co. I, Capt. Andrew A. Powers, Marlboro' 

Co. K, Capt. C F. Harrington (34th unattached Co.) Cambridge. 

Companies C, E, F, and K, late of this regiment and 
recruited for one hundred days' service, were disbanded. 

In the latter part of this year, 1866, Col. Peirson re- 
tired from the regiment, and was promoted to Brigadier- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 85 

General, and his former position was filled by Col. William 
T Grammer. 

Colonel William T. Grammer. 

4th Colonel of the Fifth Regiment, M. V M. 
Colonel William T. Grammer was born in Boston, in 
1822, and, with his parents in the same year, moved to 
Woburn, where he has resided ever since. He received 
his early education in the common schools, and later in life 
attended the Warren Academy in Woburn. He inherited 
a taste for military life from his father, who was connected 
with the militia, in various capacities during his life. At 
the age of 18 years, 1840, Col. Grammer joined the 
Woburn Mechanics' Phalanx, and the following is his mil- 
itary record : His first commission bears the date of Au- 
gust 3d, 1849, when he was elected to fill 1st Lieutenant's 
position in Company G, Woburn Phalanx, 4th Regiment, 
3d Brigade, 2d Division, M. V M. ; promoted Captain, 
March 8th, 1851, resigned Dec. 11th, 1852; commissioned 
2d Lieutenant Company G, 5th Regiment, March 19th, 
1855, resigned March 24th, 1857 ; commissioned 1st Lieu- 
tenant, April 11th, 1859, resigned May 10th, 1860 ; re- 
commissioned May 2d, 1861, and resigned July 6th, 1861. 
At this time the Company was transferred to the 16th Reg- 
iment, M. V M., and he was commissioned Captain of the 
new Company G, Aug. 27th, 1862, and served in the nine- 
months' troops ; promoted July 22d, 1864, to Major, and 
served in this capacity in the one hundred-days' troops ; 
resigned March 1 0th, 1865, and was re-commissioned Major 
May 30th, 1866 ; promoted Colonel Sept. 5th, 1866, serv- 
ing in this position until Jan. 4th, 1868, making a period 
of service of 28 years, and at the time of his discharge, was 



86 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

the oldest commissioned officer then in the State Militia. 
Col. Grammer has always been highly esteemed by his 
fellow townsmen, having filled the various town offices 
many years, and has been chosen four terms to the Massa- 
chusetts Legislature, and has held the Chairmanship of 
the Committee on Military and Prisons. He has often 
been appointed by the Court, on the board of Referees, to 
settle important matters, and for six years was a member 
of the Harbor Commissioners. 

For many years Col. Grammer has successfully followed 
the shoe manufacturing interests, and by his honorable 
method in the transaction of his business, he has won many 
life-lono' friends. 

In all the circles of life in which he has moved, be it 
social, political or military, he has made many friends, and 
by his fair, candid treatment of his fellow men, has won a 
well-deserved and lasting popularity. 

Col. Grammer was almost perfect in discipline, and he 
ordered frequen' company drills and inspections, in which 
latter duty he was quite thorough. Following is a General 
Order, showing the methods used by Col. Grammer to 
stimulate the men to better work. 

Head-Quarters 5th Regiment, M. V M. 

General Order No. 2. 

Woburn, April 19, 1867 
Agreeable to General Order No. 1, the Colonel com- 
manding and Staff have inspected the several Companies 
in the Regiment. 

The following statement is published for the informa- 
tion of the Command. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUHTEEB MILITIA. 



87 



Probably some items in the Report, not appearing to 
the advantage of the companies, might be reasonably 
accounted for. It is deemed proper, however, to state the 
condition of each, as it was found at its inspection. 



Letter 




Aggrega 


TE. 




Condition 

of 
Muskets. 


Official 
Records. 




of 


Strength. 


Present. 


Absent 
with 


Absent 
without 


Drill. 


COMPANY 






Leave 


Leave. 








A 


57 


53 




4 


Excellent. 


Good. 


Best. 


B 


55 


37 




18 


Bad. 


Fair. 


' Fair. 


c 


51 


31 


3 


17 


Excellent. 


Good. 


Good. 


D 


57 


33 


6 


18 


Bad. 


Good. 


Good. 


E 


60 


52 


8 




Excellent. 


Best. 


Good. 


F 


57 


52 


1 


4 


Good. 


Fair. 


Good. 


G 


58 


50 


8 




Good. 


Good. 


Good. 


H 


38 


34 


3 


1 


Excellent. 


Good. 


Good. 


I 


57 


43 


8 


6 


Fair. 


Fair. 


Fair. 


K 


43 


33 


10 




Fair. 


Good. 


Fair. 




533 


418 


47 


68 





The general appearance and soldierly bearing of the 
Command is worthy of commendation, and it was a source 
of pleasure to the officers who took part in the inspection. 

With proper care and military spirit on the part of 
officers and men, together with the encouragement now 
offered by the State, there is no apparent reason why the 
Fifth Regiment should not continue to merit the good rep- 
utation it has had in years past. 

By command of Col. W T. Geammee. 
Walter Everett, Adjutant. 



88 HrSTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Field and Staff, 1867. 

Colonel William T. Grammer. 

Lieutenant-Colonel George A. Meacham. 

Major, Geobge H. Marden, jr. 

Adjutant, Walter Everett. 

Quartermaster, Daniel W Lawrence. 

Surgeon, Joshua B. Treadwell. 

Chaplain, Edward S. Atwood. 

Assistant-Surgeon, Amos H. Johnson. 

Field and Staff, 1868. 

Colonel, George A. Meacham. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Walter Everett. 

Major, Andrew A. Powers. 

Adjutant, Henry L. Swords. 

Quartermaster, Daniel W Lawrence. 

Surgeon, Joshua B. Treadwell. 

Chaplain, . Edward S. Atwood. 

Assistant-Surgeon, Amos H. Johnson. 

Colonel George A. Meacham. 

5th Colonel of the Fifth Regiment, M. V M. 

Colonel Meacham, from his youth upward, was always a 
military man. His early career in the militia was spent 
with the Cambridge City Guards, having served in the 
various offices, non-commissioned and commissioned, up to 
1851, when he was elected Captain of the Guards. On 
Sept. 28th, 1864, he was elected Captain of the 12th unat- 
tached Company, and in 1866, when the Company was 
attached to the Fifth, he was still in command, and con- 
tinued so until elected Lieut. -Colonel, Nov. 7th, 1866. 
Upon the retirement of Colonel William T. Grammer, he 
was elected Colonel Feb. 12th, 1868, and continued as 
such until April, 1871, when he was succeeded by Colonel 
Walter Everett. 

Throughout his whole military career, it is difficult to 
place against him an act that was ungentlemanly or unbe- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 89 

coming in an officer. His ability to command was often 
brought to the test, and he never failed to do his whole 
duty like a true soldier. Upon his retirement from com- 
mand, there were many expressions of regret on account 
of the regiment's losing so efficient an officer. 

The interest in militia duties was not very deep for 
several years, and the members composing the Fifth must 
have been fond of their officers, and the regiment, for the 
rolls show but a slight decrease in numbers from 1867, to 
1870. The regular fall encampments were attended, and 
the routine of inspections and drills was followed, and the 
regiment held its own in discipline and strength from sea- 
son to season. 

Field and Staff, 1869-70. 

Colonel, George A. Meacham. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Walter Everett. 

Major, Andrew A. Powers. — Cyrus Tat, 1870. 

Adjutant, Edward F. Everett. 

Quartermaster, Lewis A. Manning. 

Surgeon, . Joshua B. Treadwell. 

Chaplain, Edward S. Atwood. — Charles E. Grin- 

HELL, 1870. 

Assistant-Surgeon, Amos H. Johnson. — Hugh Doherty, 1870. 

A new and young element was growing up in the com- 
munity, and the militia received quite an impetus in the 
latter part of 1871. It was at that time thoroughly in- 
spected, and the encampments were larger, with more of 
the true military spirit shown ; new companies were form- 
ed, and the Fifth began to grow in numbers and charac- 
ter. The regiment performed escort duty for distinguished 
visitors, and gained quite a notoriety for their discipline 
and soldierly bearing. 

There may be some credit due to the exertions of the 
new Colonel, Walter Everett, but the young citizen sol- 
diers of the regiment are entitled to favorable mention. 



90 history op the fifth regiment 

Field and Staff, 1871. 

Colonel, . Waltee Eveeett. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Cyrus Tay. 

Major, Granville W- Daniels. 

Adjutant, Ezra J. Trull. 

Quartermaster, J. T. Bolton. 

Surgeon, Edward Jacob Forster. 

Chaplain, Charles E. Grinnell. 

Assistant-Surgeon, Allen H. Sumner, 

Colonel Walter Everett. 

6th Colonel of the Fifth Regiment, M. V M. 

Early in life, this once popular Colonel of the Fifth, 
commenced his military career. In 1850, he became a 
private in the Charlestown City Guards, and filled the 
various non-commissioned positions until 11th April, 1861, 
when he received his first commission as 4th Lieutenant 
of Company H, 5th Regiment, and has had the following 
promotions since : 3d Lieutenant, 30th April, 1861 ; 1st 
Lieutenant, Company H, (nine-months' men) ; Captain, 
27th April, 1864 ; Adjutant, 8th Sept., 1866 ; Lieutenant- 
Colonel, 12th February, 1868 ; Colonel, 3d May, 1871 ; 
discharged January 19th, 1875. 

Col. Everett is entitled to great praise for many services 
rendered the Fifth during his command, and his resigna- 
tion was regretted by many of his old warrior friends. 

Field and Staff, 1872-3-4. 

Colonel, Walter Everett. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Cyrus Tay. — E. J. Trull, 1874. 

Major, Ezra J. Trull. — C. F. King, 1874. 

Adjutant, Benjamin F. Stoddard. 

Quartermaster, J. T. Bolton. — Horace S. Perkins, 1873. 

Surgeon, Edward Jacob Foestee. 

Chaplain, William T. Stowe. — Vacant, 1873-4. 

Assistant-Surgeon, A. H. Sumner. — B. A. Sawyer, 1873. 

Paymaster, G. D. Putnam. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



91 



Field and Staff, 1875-6-7. 



Colonel, 

Lieutenant-Colonel, 
Major, 
Adjutant, 

Quartermaster, 

Surgeon, . 
Chaplain, 
Assistant-Surgeon, 
Paymaster, 



Ezra J. Trull. 
C. F. King. — L. C. Lane, 1876. 
LeonardC. Lane.— Henry G. Jordan, 1876. 
Henry G-. Jordan.— G. Frank Frost, 1876 ; 

Frank L. Stevenson, 1877. 
Horaces. Perkins.— Frank G-. Williams, 

1876. 
Edward Jacob Forster. 
W. T. Stowe. 

Horace E. Marion. —Samuel Howe, 1877. 
G. D. Putnam. — C. A. Fairbanks, 1876. 



Field and Staff, 1878. 



Colonel, 

Lieutenant-Colonel, 

Major, 

Major, 

Adjutant, 

Quarterm aster, 

Surgeon, 

Assistant-Surgeon, 

Paymaster, 

Chaplain, 



Ezra J. Trull. 
L. C. Lane. 

Alonzo L. Richardson. 
George F. Frost. 
Frank L. Stevenson. 
Frank G. Williams. 
Edward Jacob Forster. 
Samuel Howe. 
C. A. Fairbanks. 
William H. Kyder. 



Uniforms. 
The regiment received a new uniform from the State 
on the 28th of May, 1869, for which the various companies 
were obliged to pay about one half of the expense. It 
consisted of a French short skirt coat, of dark blue, three 
rows of brass buttons on the front, and was trimmed with 
white cord, and shoulder knots of white and blue braid. 
The hat was of the Shako pattern with a short white and 
blue tipped pompom. The pants were of light blue and 
white cord. In 1873, an alteration was made in the ac- 
couterments ; white cross belts were adopted, and wings 
fringed with blue and white cord, and a white ostrich 
plume for the hat. 



92 HISTOBY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

In 1875, this uniform was discarded, and the present one 
was adopted, which consists of the regular army dark blue 
coat, three rows of brass buttons on front, with red fac- 
ings, gilt trimmings, and white wings. The hat worn 
originally with this uniform was made of Astrachan fur, 
with a spread eagle on front, and figure 5 in centre, and a 
red and white ostrich plume on side, but was afterward 
changed to the Shako with white and red pompom. The 
pants were of light blue, with red stripe and white edging. 
The regiment always presents a solid appearance in this 
uniform, and is considered one of the best ever worn by 
them. 

In 18T5, the regiment began to " pick up " in general 
discipline, and under Colonel Ezra J. Trull, it steadily 
improved in numbers and popularity. 

The militia were re-organized July, 1876, and companies 
I, of Hudson, Capt. Powers, and B, of Somerville, both 
of the Fifth, were disbanded. 

The regiment was attached to the 2d Brigade, under 
Brigadier-General Eben Sutton, in August 1876, and have 
held the same position in line, up to date. 

In 1878, under the re-organization of the militia, the 
various companies in the State, of which there were sixty 
in all, were formed into six regiments ; three regiments hav- 
ing two battalions of four companies each, and three regi- 
ments three battalions of four companies each. The law 
previously reduced the Fifth from ten companies to eight, 
and Company D, of Charlestown, was, at this time (Dec. 
3, 1878,) transferred to the 9th Regiment, and Company 
C, of Concord, to Company I, of 6th Regiment. In place 
of these two companies, there were added Companies C, 
and G, of the First Regiment to be Companies C and D. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 93 

Col. Trull adopted many important measures, which 
brought the regiment into public notice, and not the least 
of these was the establishment of a regular head-quarters, 
where the officers might meet and become more thorough- 
ly acquainted with each other, and frequently discuss the 
welfare of the regiment. This was an advantage which. 
has shown itself to be of vast importance to the general 
good of the organization, and the fact that Colonel Trull 
had risen from the ranks through various grades of offices, 
gave him an acquaintance and knowledge of the wants of 
the regiment, that have given evidence of his executive 
ability. 

At the time of the Centennial celebration in Charles- 
town, the regiment ranked veiy high in comparison with 
those from other States, and at inspections by the State 
officials, their record has been excellent. The material 
composing the regiment, if not the best in the State, is cer- 
tainly as good as any other, and, at the present writing, is 
as popular as any command. 



Company Sketches. 

The following companies have, at various dates, been con- 
nected with the Fifth, and it has been deemed advisable 
to give a sketch of each organization, with their various 
Commanders, date of organization, and such other inter- 
esting material that could be gathered. More details 
could have been added in some instances, but as there 
was great expense appertaining to such a duty, it was con- 
cluded to give an epitome of each corps history, and, as 
near as possible, the cause of its origin or disbandment. 



94 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Co. D, (Independent Fusileers) Boston. 

This Company, better known as the " Independent Bos- 
ton Fusileers," was formerly attached to the 1st Regiment, 
but at the recent re-organization of the militia, General 
Order No. 7, Dec. 3d, 1878, was transferred to this regi- 
ment, as also was Company C, of Newton. 

The history and record of the Fusileers has been a re- 
markable one, so much so that a brief reference to some of 
the principal events may here be interesting. 

The firstparade of this company occurred May 11, 1787, 
and was made eventful from the fact that they paraded in 
the "Identical red coats" captured from the English at 
the battle of Bunker Hill, being loaned for the occasion 
from the old iron-chest of Mr. Thomas Kidder, a patriotic 
citizen, who had them in charge, and had preserved them 
in excellent condition. The parade caused great enthusi- 
asm, and contributed in a great measure towards the selec- 
tion of " scarlet " color for uniform, which has, through 
thick and thin, been adhered to, as the dress uniform of 
the corps. During the administration of Gov. Hancock, 
the Fusileers performed the escort duty for the State Gov- 
ernment on all important occasions, and paraded (occupy- 
ing an important position) on the occasion of his funeral, 
Oct. 9th, 1793. 

It participated in the escort and reception of General 
Washington, in 1789, had the honor of sole escort, by order 
of Gov- Samuel Adams, at the laying of the -corner-stone 
of the State House, in Hancock Pasture, in 1795. Parad- 
ed in honor of the ratification of the Federal Constitution, 
1789 ; participated in the war of 1812-1814 ; participated 
in the reception of Gen. Lafayette, Gen. Jackson, Presi- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 95 

dents Tyler, Polk, Filmore, Daniel Webster, and, in fact, 
the reception of every distinguished visitor whom Boston 
has chosen to honor with public ovation. 

It has probably participated in, and made more excur- 
sions than any other company in the New England States, 
was the first volunteer company to visit Washington in 
1835, marching a great part of the way, has made two ex- 
cursions to Montreal, Canada, and numerous excursions to 
other places. 

It sent four full companies to active service in the late 
war, and notwithstanding its own trials, and the changes 
of administration, the company has maintained its exist- 
ence to the present time, and has witnessed the rise and 
fall of nearly every other company that entered with it 
into competition for a patriotic existence, in the dark days 
of the revolution. It was the first company in Massachu- 
setts to volunteer for three years in the war of the Rebel- 
lion, and its first Lieutenant was the first commissioned 
officer that fell at the first battle of Bull Run. 

Capt. Snow, the present Commander, has grown grey in 
the service, having been attached to the company since 
1841, having, for five separate times, been chosen to the 
command, and now takes as much interest as ever, and is 
a most excellent officer. Much more could be given in 
detail of this memorable corps, but its history is too well 
known to elaborate its valuable record. That the Fifth 
were fortunate in having this company added to its ranks, 
cannot be doubted, and it may well be said that few com- 
panies in this State could have better filled the vacancy 
caused by the transfer of the Charles town Artillery, (old 
Co. D), the latter corps having also a valuable history. 



96 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Co. D, (Charlestown Artillery) Charlestown. 

This famous old corps, which has one of the most im- 
portant of histories, was originally organized on May 22d, 
1786, and was the first to celebrate the battle of Bunker 
Hill, June 17th, 1786. For a long period its ranks were 
filled with the best citizens of Charlestown, and up to 
1830, it enjoyed the highest reputation. About this year 
it was disbanded, but was re-organized by Capt. J. M. 
Robertson, Nov- 13th, 1831, and attached to the 1st Regi- 
ment Artillery as Co. D, and from that day until the pres- 
ent, the corps has enjoyed its usual prosperity. It took 
active part in the dedication of Bunker Hill Monument, 
one of its guns being fired from the summit. Many of its 
popular commanders have held positions of trust in City 
and State Government. The following have been its com- 
manders since it was attached to the Fifth : R. W Lake- 
man, 1857 ; C. W S trout. 1859; W R. Swan, 1860, (three- 
months' men) ; T. V Howard, Aug., 1862, (nine-months' 
men) ; George H. Marden, Jr., July, 1864, (hundred-days' 
men): C. P Whittle, 1867; A. E. Hewes, Aug., 1868; 
R. R. Farmer, May, 1869; F B. Bogan, March, 1872. 

The company during its terms of service, three-months 
(Co. C,) nine-months (Co. D,) and one hundred-days, bore 
an excellent name, and within the past few years has 
gained considerable attention under Captain F B. Bogan, 
who has brought it to a high state of discipline. 

None can gainsay the fact that the Fifth lost a valuable 
company when under the law of re-organization of the 
militia, Dec. 3d, 1878, Co. D was transferred as such to 
the Ninth Regiment, 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 97 

Co. G, (Wobuen Mechanics' Phalanx), Woburn. 

This notoriously popular company was organized as In- 
fantry in 1835, and was commanded by Capt. S. B. White. 
Its uniform is familiar to most every one, having been 
extensively copied by the militia, and lithographed for va- 
rious purposes. The company has made many excursions, 
and was always very hospitable to visitors. Its officers and 
men constituted the best element in the town, being most- 
ly business men, and from its ranks have gone forth many 
notable men. The company was a part of the old Fourth, 
and was attached to the Fifth, in 1855. 

For many j^ears there existed a good-natured rivalry 
between this corps and the Charlestown City Guards, as 
to how many men could be turned out, and the general 
appearance of the companies ; the Phalanx, according to 
one of Adjt.-Gen. Stone's reports, came off A 1, and we 
quote him as follows : " This company (Phalanx) for the 
last nine years have averaged the largest number in the 
State militia." 

The following officers have commanded the Phalanx 
since its organization : 

Samuel B. White, 1835 ; Wm. Woodbury, 1838 ; Chas. 
Carter, 1841 ; Wm. Woodbury, 1841 ; J B. Winn, 1843 ; 
Walter Wyman, 1845 ; Albert Thompson, 1846 ; William 
Woodbury, 1847 ; Timothy Winn, 1849 ; W T. Gram- 
mer, 1851; Timothy Winn, 1853-55 ; A. F Thompson, 
1856 ; J. Franklin Bates, 1858 ; A. F Thompson, April, 
1859, (transferred to 2d Battalion Rifleman, Aug. 16, 
1860) ; Timothy Winn, May, 1861, (Company transferred 
to 16th Regiment, afterward, July 6th, 1861, disbanded). 
William T. Grammer commanded the new company, G, 



98 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

being commissioned 'Aug. 27th, 1862, and was attached to 
the Fifth Regiment nine-months' troops. Capt. Grammer 
was promoted to Major, July 22d, 1862 ; C. S. Converse, 
July 26th, 1864, being commander during the one hun- 
dred-days' service of the Fifth. Capt. Converse was suc- 
ceeded by Capt. Cyrus Tay, Mar. 24th, 1865 ; Edwin F. 
Wyer, June, 1870 ; Luke R. Tidd, Sept., 1872 ; A. L. 
Richardson, November, 1873, (Major Feb. 26, 1879) ; 
John W Ellard, November, 1868. This company is, and 
always has been considered, one of the most reliable in 
the regiment for all duties, and at the various inspections, 
has acquitted itself most creditably 

Co. C, (Concord Artillery) Concord. 

This company was incorporated on the petition of 
Charles Hammond and others, Feb. 24th, 1804, and had 
its first public parade on the 4th of July, following. 

In 1812, the company was ordered to South Boston, 
where it remained in camp three months. It marched to 
Boston under command of Capt. Reuben Brown, Jr., with 
the Concord Light Infantry and Acton Blues. It entered 
the United States service twice during the war of the 
Rebellion. Orders Avere received before light on the 19th 
of April, 1861, to report on Boston Common, and at noon 
on that day it left Concord under command of Captain 
Geo. L. Prescott. It left Boston with the 5th Regiment, 
M. V M., on the 21st, as Co. A, but was changed in 
Washington to Co. G. 

In the battle of Bull Run, five of its members were 
taken prisoners. It served three months at this time, and 
in 1862, it was recruited by Capt. Richard Barrett, and 
attached to the 47th Regiment, M. V M., Col. Marsh, as 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 99 

Co. G. It left Boston in December, 1862, with this regi- 
ment, with 101 members. It enlisted for nine months, but 
served nearly a year, most of the time in New Orleans and 
vicinity. 

In 1866, the company was re-organized, and Richard 
Barrett was chosen Captain, H. H. Buttrick First Lieuten- 
ant, and Geo. F Hall, Second Lieutenant. It was attached 
to the 6th Regiment, M. V M., as Co. F, and remained in it 
until the Spring of 1869, when it was transferred to its old 
regiment, the 5th, as Co. L ; in 1873, (Feb. 18,) its letter 
was changed to " C." In the re-organization of the Mas- 
sachusetts Militia in 1878, it was again transferred to the 
6th Regiment as Company I, much to the regret of the 
officers of the Fifth. 

Its Captains have successively been : 

Thomas Heald, 1804 ; Jesse Churchill ; Henry Saunder- 
son ; Reuben Brown, Jr., 1812 ; Francis Wheeler ; Cyrus 
Wheeler ; Elisha Wheeler ; Eli Brown ; William Whit- 
ing ; John Stacy; Joshua Buttrick; Abel B. Heywood, 
1832 ; Bowman W Dennis, 1833 ; Isaac Buttrick, 1835 ; 
Charles Bowers ; Richard Barrett ; James Jones, Jr. ; 
Richard Barrett; James B. Wood; John H. Calbert- 
son ; George Heywood; Richard Barrett, 1854; George 
L. Prescott, 1861; Richard Barrett, 1862; Humphrey 
H. Buttrick, 1864; Caleb H. Wheeler, 1868; James 
W Carter, 1869; Richard Barrett, 1869; George T. 
Howe, 1872; Richard F Barrett, 1876; Alfred B. C. 
Dakin, 1877 ; William H. Benjamin, 1879. 

Co. H, Charlestown City Guards. 

This body of citizen soldiery was organized in 1850, and 
celebrated its first anniversary on the 17th of June, 1851. 
It was then commanded by the Hon. Geo. P Sanger, who 
was followed by Capt. W. W Pierce ; C. B. Rogers; G. P. 



100 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH BEGIMENT 

Kettell ; John T. Boycl ; J. B. Norton, 1861 ; Caleb Drew, 
1862 ; Walter Everett ; D. Webster Davis, 1864 ; Wm. 
Spaulding, 1867 ; G. S. Ladd, 1867 ; Edward F Everett, 
June, 1868 ; Samuel R. Marple, Jr., April, 1871 ; G. S. 
Ladd, June, 1873; J. M. Foster, Feb. 1875; F D. Wood- 
bury, July, 1875 ; J. W Derby, April, 1877 ; J. Henry 
Brown, June, 1878. 

The corps has always enjoyed a high state of prosperity 
from its organization to the present time, and its fine mem- 
ber list contained at one time over 350 members. Five of 
the members of this corps were left behind at the battle 
of Bull Run, Samuel E. Chandler, Henry A. Angier, and 

C. A. Babcock, who were wounded at Manassas, and with 
George T Childs, were taken prisoners. Sumner Fish was 
reported killed or taken prisoner, and was never heard 
from after. The company letter was, during the three- 
months' campaign, 1861, K, but was changed to H, upon 
its return, and has held the same ever since. 

This company was one of the best in the nine-months' 
campaign, 1862, under Capt. Caleb Drew, and received 
many special favors during its term of service ; it also 
served in the one hundred-days' troops, 1864, under Capt. 

D. Webster Davis with marked distinction. Its war record 
is excellent, and its roll of honor is as large as any other 
company in the regiment. 

The City Guards were notoriously hospitable, and re- 
ceived many organizations visiting Boston ; among the 
most notable being the Ellsworth Zouaves, Baltimore City 
Guards, Putnam Phalanx, Hartford, Woburn Mechanics' 
Phalanx, and others. The Guards attended the inaugura- 
tion of President Buchanan in March, 1857, and were 
received with great display by the military and United 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 101 

States Officers at the Capitol, and were presented with a 
gold medal by the President and other New Englanders, 
Caleb Cushing making the presentation speech. 

I have obtained the following important sketch, a part 
of a memorable speech furnished by Mr. W W Davis, and 
was delivered by Jefferson Davis, then Secretary of War, at 
a banquet given in his honor by the Guards, after a grand 
target shoot in Oct., 1858. Jefferson Davis, in response 
to the toast of " The Army of the United States," said : 

" If ever the Liberties of this glorious 
union are in danger, i know of no body of citizen 
soldiery that i shall turn with greater reliance 
for their protection, than the soldiers of the 
grand old state of massachusetts, and, more es- 
pecially, the noble band who have entertained 
me this day.' 

One of the Guards' " big days " occurred when, with 92 
men under Capt. John T Boyd, they formed a battalion 
with the 2d Battalion of Boston, commanded by Major H. 
Ritchie, and paraded as such to receive the Prince of 
Wales. There was considerable " bracing up " that day, 
and as the uniform of the 2d Battalion was much the 
same as the Guards, it was only by excellent marching 
and discipline that the Guards could be distinguished. 

The Guards had, as rivals, in their earlier days, the 
Mechanics' Phalanx of Woburn, and the Lowell Phalanx, 
and it used often to be a difficult question which of these 
two corps were the most popular in the State. From the 
ranks of the Guards there have risen many prominent 
men, and there are few offices in the regiment that have 
not been filled by members of this popular company. 

Great credit is due to the present Captain, J. Henry 
Brown, for the efficient manner in which he manages his 



3 02 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

company, and its recent inspections have been very credit- 
able to both officers and men. 

Co. C, (Cambridge City Guard,) Cambridge. 

This company was at the height of its popularity in 
1849, when it was commanded by Capt. J. Durrell Green, 
and was attached to the Fourth Regimenf as Co. C. 
George A. Meacham was elected Captain in 1851, and he 
was succeeded by T. O. Barri, in 1854. In 1855, it was 
attached to the Fifth as Co. F, and was disbanded June 
24th, 1857 It was re-organized in 1861, and served under 
command of Capt. J. P Richardson during the three- 
months' campaign. Not being able to recruit in season for 
the nine-months' men, the company disbanded Sept. 30th, 
1862. Capt. George A. Meacham, 12th Unattached Com- 
pany, assumed command when the company was restored 
to the Fifth, as Co. C, in 1866. Daniel F. S. Leland was 
commissioned as Captain, Oct. 22d, 1866, and in May 22d, 
1867, Alfred Hodsdon succeeded him. Robert L. B. Fox 
assumed command May 4th, 1868, and, upon his discharge, 
Capt. M. A. Dalton was elected Dec. 13th, 1871. The 
Company letter was changed in 1873, to L, and George 
A. Keeler was elected Captain, April 8th, 1873. Captain 
Keeler took command under a re-organization of the com- 
pany, it having been disbanded Feb. 13th, 1873. By Gen- 
eral Orders, No. 4, May 12th, 1873, the Company letter 
was again changed to K ; Cap tain W L. B. Robinson took 
command, July 19th, 1875, and when the militia were 
re-organized in Dec. 3d, 1878, by General Orders, No. 7, 
the company letter was changed to B. The present Com- 
mander, Capt. W A. Bancroft, was commissioned March 
23d, 1879, and at this writing, the company is one of the 
most flourishing in the regiment. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 103 

CO. K, CAMBRIDGE. 

Under the re-organization of the militia in 1866, this 
companj^ (34th unattached) was added to the Fifth under 
command of Capt. Charles F. Harrington, who was com- 
missioned May 18th, 1866. The company was disbanded 
the latter part of 1866. 

Co. E, (Lawrence Light Guards) Medpord. 

This company was organized Feb. 12th, 1851, and des- 
ignated as Co. E, 4th Regiment. It was composed of citi- 
zens of Winchester and vicinity, and F O. Prince, now 
(1879) Mayor of Boston, was the first commander. Their 
uniform consisted of scarlet coats, blue pants, and bell- 
crowned hats. Of the first few years, but little record 
can be found. Between 1851 and 1854, Capt. Prince re- 
signed, and was succeeded by Capt. Pratt. 

Military enthusiasm being at a low ebb in Winchester, 
in 1854, about 35 members of an independent company in 
Medford went to Winchester, and joined Co. E ; then by 
a vote of the company, it was transferred from Winchester 
to Medford, and given the name of " Lawrence Light 
Guard," taking the name from Mr. Daniel Lawrence. 

Capt. Pratt having resigned, and the company trans- 
ferred to Medford, Henry Usher, brother of the late United 
States Marshal, Roland G. Usher, was elected in Captain 
Pratt's place: Capt. Usher was succeeded in 1855, by Asa 
Law, and in 1866, Capt. Law having resigned, Samuel C. 
Lawrence, now Brigadier-General, was elected to succeed 
him. 

August 8th, 1859, Colonel Charles B. Rogers presiding, 
John Hutchins was elected Captain, vice Lawrence pro- 
moted Major. After election, Maj. Lawrence was presented 



104 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

with the complete insignia of his office, and Capt. Hutch- 
ins with sword, sword-belt and epauletts by friends of the 
company. At this time, the company were obliged to 
uniform, arm and support themselves. Major Lawrence, 
late Captain, was placed in command of the regiment July 
11th, 1860, pending election of Colonel. 

A new uniform was adopted Oct. 1860, grey cloth with 
black bars and trimmings, and white wings. This uniform 
was worn by them in the three-months' service. In Sep- 
tember and December, the armory took fire, and at the 
last one, most of the company property was destroyed. 
On Wednesday, April 17th, orders were received for the 
company to hold themselves in readiness to report at short 
notice to Washington for the defense of the Capitol. The 
citizens therefore held a meeting to assist them in their 
outfit, and make provision for taking care of their families. 
About #6,000 was raised for their benefit. 

April 19th, 1861, the company left Medford, carrying 
103 guns, followed by a large concourse of citizens, and 
proceeded to Boston Common and reported for duty. On 
Sunday, 21st inst., formed regimental line, and left Boston 
for New York at 6, P. m. Arrived in New York next 
morning, and after a bountiful collation, went on board 
Steamship " De Soto." Left New York on Monday 
morning for Annapolis, Md., touching at Fortress Monroe. 
After a very rough passage, arrived at Annapolis, April 
24th ; camped over night, and next morning marched to 
Annapolis Junction, 20 miles away. Left Annapolis Junc- 
tion on Saturday, for Washington, arrived there at night, 
and were quartered in the Treasury Building. 

The company served with the 5th Regiment all through 
the three-months' enlistment, and participated in the bat- 
tle of Bull Run, July 21st. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 105 

Company E was the color company at that time. The old 
company flag, which was presented to the company by 
the ladies of Medford, was carried at Bull Run, and now, 
pierced with bullets and stained with the blood of Serg't 
Wm. Lawrence, Co. E, who was color-bearer, and who was 
killed, pierced through the heart by a minie ball, hangs in 
a handsome case in the present armory. The sword worn 
by Serg't Samuel M. Stevens, killed at Spotsylvania, is also 
in the same case. 

On Sunday, July 28th, 1861, the regiment left Washing- 
ton, and arrived in Boston on Tuesday, July 30th, and, be- 
ing dismissed on the Common, were escorted home by the 
citizens, en masse, preceded by the Fire Department and 
Band. During the regiment's stay in Washington, they 
were very hospitably entertained by the citizens, and Co. 
E received many favors from Messrs. Wm. Blanchard and 
Samuel Lewis and families, to whom they became very 
much attached. 

When the company reported for duty, April 19th, the 
grey uniforms had not been paid for, but it was understood 
at the citizen's meeting, held April 17th, that the amount 
due would be paid for from the subscriptions. Therefore 
the company was very much surprised, upon coming home, 
to find the bill still due. They applied to the Town to pay 
it, and in Nov., 1861, an injunction was served against the 
Town Treasurer against paying the money, $1,100, to the 
company by thirteen prominent citizens of Medford. The 
affair was finally settled in the courts, and the Town paid 
the amount of the bill to the company. 

March 28th, 1862, the company moved into a new arm- 
ory in Usher's Building, then called Medford Exchange, 
and on April 19th, the anniversary of their departure for 



106 HISTOKY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Washington, dedicated it, on which occasion they were 
honored with the presence of Messrs. Blanchard and Lewis 
and families from Washington. Capt. Hutchins was pro- 
moted Major, July 9th, 1862. July 23d, Col. George H. 
Peirson presiding, Lieut. Perry Coleman was elected 
Captain, vice Hutchins. 

A communication was received from the Selectmen of 
Medford, July 29th, 1862, asking the company to volun- 
teer their services as part of the quota called for by 
President Lincoln, and Aug. 1st, the company voted to do 
so, reserving the privilege of electing their own commis- 
sioned officers. Major Hutchins was appointed recruiting 
officer for Medford. 

Capt. Coleman resigned his position in favor of Major 
Hutchins, who resigned his commission in the 5th, to take 
command of the company which was mustered into the 
United States service, Aug. 15th, 1862, for three years. 
The company Avas now assigned to the 39th Regiment Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteers, and designated as Co. C. Co. E was 
the only militia company in Massachusetts who, as a com- 
panjr, volunteered for three years, and from this fact, 
together with their previous three-months' service, a spec- 
ial Act of Legislature, through the influence of Brig. -Gen. 
Samuel C. Lawrence, was passed, allowing the company to 
assume their old letter and position in the 5th, upon their 
return from war. 

The company served in the 39th Regiment all through 
the war, and participated in the following engagements: 
Mine Run, Spotsylvania, Wilderness, Laurel Hill, North 
Anna, Tolopotomy, Bethesda Church, Petersburg, Wei don 
Railroad, Dabney's Mills, Gravelly Run, Five Forks, and 
were " in at the death " April 9th, Lee's surrender. After 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 107 

a bsence of 34 months, orders were received Sunday, 
June 4th, 1865, for regiment to break camp on Munson's 
Hill, near Ball's Cross Roads, Va., and march to Washing- 
ton where transportation was ready to take them to Mas- 
sachusetts, there to be paid off and mustered out of the 
service. 

While in camp near Washington, the regiment partici- 
pated in the grand review of the Army of the Potomac. 
Left camp at 5, A. M., June 4th, and arrived at Readville, 
Mass., Tuesday, June 6th, being received with hearty ova- 
tions all the way. Company was furloughed June 9th, 
and went home, where they were welcomed in a manner 
befitting men who, for three long years, had risked their 
lives in defense of their Country and Flag. June 12th, 
again reported at Readville, and were paid off and mus- 
tered out of United States service, and discharged as Co. 
C, 39th Regiment. Actual time in service of United 
States, 38 months. 

By the special Act of Legislature before referred to, the 
company resumed their old letter " E," and its position in 
5th Regiment. Meetings were held in Town Hall, Capt. 
Hutchins still in command. In October, 1866, it was pro- 
posed to join with the Lawrence Rifles, Co. F, but it was 
deemed inexpedient to do so. 

January, 1866, meetings were held in rooms of Army 
and Navy Union ; Capt. Hutchins having resigned, Isaac 
F R. Hosea was elected Captain on February 9th, 1866. 
The use of Co. F's drill room was granted them by the 
Town, and on July 20th, 1866, moved into new Armory, 
Usher's Building, being the same which are now occupied. 
Capt. Hosea resigned Feb., 1874, and in May following, 
Co's E and F were consolidated under new Militia Law, 
and the new company was still Co. E, thereby retaining 



108 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

their Charter, which is claimed as the oldest militia company 
charter in the United States, and which has never been 
transferred. Co. F was transferred to Waltham in com- 
mand of Lieut. J. H. Whitney, pending election. May 
5th, Colonel Everett presiding, Warren W. Manning was 
elected Captain of consolidated company. 

Captain Manning having resigned on Jan. 24th, 1876, 
Lieut. J H. Whitney was unanimously elected Captain, 
Col. Trull presiding. The company have passed through 
24 musters, and paraded and done service at the follow- 
ing: Annual Regimental Inspections ; reception of Gen. 
Sheridan, Oct. 7th, 1867 ; reception of President Grant, 
June 16th, 1869 ; reception of 9th Regiment N. Y N G., 
June 17th, 1871 ; performed three days guard duty at Bos- 
ton fire, Nov., 1872 ; at Concord and Lexington celebra- 
tion, April 19th, and Bunker Hill celebration, June 17th, 
1875. Also at the funerals of Manville Richaids, 1861 ; 
Samuel Joyce, 1865 ; Geo. H. Champlin and Gee. H. 
Lewis, killed in Va., and brought home ; Samuel Davis, 
1867; Musician Benj. F. Keyon, 1872; and Albert W 
Turner in May, 1875. 

The present company has its armory in Small's Block, 
Medford, and is officered by Capt. Jophanus H. Whitney, 
Charles R. Dawson, 1st Lieut. Is out of debt, and in a 
fairly prosperous condition. At the present time it is color 
company of the regiment. In July, 1879, Mr. Daniel Law- 
rence, from whom the company was named, died. A large 
portrait of Mr. Lawrence adorns the walls of the Armory, 
which was presented to the company Nov- 26th, 1866. 

To Daniel Lawrence and his son, Brig.-Gen. S. C. Law- 
rence, who was twice Captain of Co. E, the success of the 
company is in a great measure due. From the first or- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 109 

ganization. they have been identified with the interests of 
the company, and, in many ways, have proved themselves 
the best supporters of the company- 
Co. C, (South Danvers.) 
Co. C was raised in South Danvers for the nine-months' 
service, and was ably commanded by Capt. Robert S. Dan- 
iels. It retained the same letter during its one hundred- 
days' service, and was then commanded by Capt. George 
F Barnes. In February, 1865, the company was known 
as Co. K, Fifth, Capt. J. W Stevens, who was succeeded 
July 12th, 1867, by Capt. B. F Southwick. The com- 
pany after this was registered from Peabody, and on June 
1st, 1868, was commanded by Capt. Benj. Becket, Jr., who 
was followed by W H. Hildreth, July 7th, 1869. The 
company failed to organize under the provision of Chapter 
313, Acts 1873. and was disbanded, much to the regret of 
the officers and men composing the Fifth. 

Co. B. (Richardson Light Guard) So. Reading. 

This corps was formerly Co. E, of the 7th, and during 
its three-months, 1861, connection with the Fifth, was 
commanded by Capt. J W Locke. 

It returned to its old position at time of expiration of 
service. 

Co. D, (Haverhill Light Infantry) Havkrhill. 
Co. D was organized in 1853, and was known as Co. G, 
7th Regiment. It served with the 5th during the three 
months' campaign in 1861, and was under command of C. 
P Messer. It was an excellent company, and was always 
popular with the other companies of the regiment. 



110 HISTOKY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT. 

Co. I, (Hudson Light Guard) Hudson. 
This company was organized May 27th, 1NG2, under 
authority of Gen. Order, No. 100, Adjt.-Gen.'s Office, Bos- 
ton, by Capt. W E. C. Worcester, who was elected Major 
of the regiment, Aug. 28th, and afterwards became Lt.- 
Col. during the one hundred-days' service. It was mus- 
tered in under command of Capt. Chas. B. Newton, as Co. 
I, 5th Regiment, and served with the regiment nine months, 
participating in all its doings, and was mustered out Julj r 
2d, 1803, at Wenham. It again entered the service with 
the 5th, and was mustered for one hundred days, July 28th, 
1864, under Andrew A. Powers, and done dut} r in Mary- 
land, and was mustered out Nov 16th, 1864, at Readville. 
It was re-organized in the spring of i860, by Capt Powers, 
and became a part of the 5th Regiment Massachusetts 
Militia, then commanded by Col. Peirson. Capt. Powers 
retained command of the company until promoted Major, 
May 17th, 1868, which position he filled until forced by 
failing health to resign. A. S. Trowbridge succeeded Pow- 
ers in the command of the company, and was commission- 
ed Captain, June 11th, 1868; he resigned and was dis- 
charged in the fall of the same year. He was followed 
bv Joseph \V Pedrick, who was commissioned Captain, 
Feb. 20th, 1869, and resigned in the winter, 1871-2. Henry 
S. Moore was the next commander, whose commission as 
Captain is dated May 15th, 1872, resigned and discharged 
March 8th, 1873. Moore was followed hy John F. Dolan, 
who was commissioned May 13th, 1873, and resigned and 
discharged Jan. 22d, 1876 ; E. L. Powers, son of Major 
Powers, was commissioned Captain, April 14th, 1876, and 
remained in command until the disbandment of the com- 
pany. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. Ill 

The 5th Regiment never contained a company move 
prompt in the discharge of its duty, or more earnest in the 
effort to place the regiment in the front rank of the mil- 
itia, than the Hudson Light Guard, and though it was 
forced, through nearly its entire existence, to rely on its 
own exertions — having no support to speak of — it was 
not until both officers and men became fully aware of the 
influence at work both at home and in the regiment, to 
destroy its organization, that they at last lost heart, and 
ceased to struggle against their doom already decreed. 

How it compared in point of numbers with other com- 
panies, whenever called upon, no matter how short the 
notice, let the records tell. 

Co. E, Marlborough. 

There was a company recruited in Marlborough, and 
commanded by Capt. David L. Brown, which served with 
the Fifth during its one hundred-days' service. The same 
was disbanded November, 1864. 

Co. A, South Boston. 
This corps was recruited for the one hundred-days' men 
in 1864, and during their term of service were commanded 
by Capt. George H. Homer. The corps was disbanded 
upon its return from war, its term of service having ex- 
pired in November, 1864. 

Co. F, Boston. 
This company was recruited especially for the Fifth, and 
served one hundred days in 1864, under command of Capt. 
Philip J. Cootey. It was disbanded November, 1864. 



112 HTSTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Co. K, Stoneham. 

Company K was recruited for the one hundred-days' 
regiment, in July, 1864, and was attached to the Fifth dur- 
ing its term of service in that year. It was commanded 
by Capt. T M. Sweetser, and was disbanded in Novem- 
ber, 1864. 

Co. A. (Charlestown Cadets,) Charlestown. 

This is one of the youngest companies in the Fifth, and 
its record compares favorably with any other in the State. 
It had its origin in a drill-club of boys, who were regularly 
uniformed and officered in 1858. On the 17th of May, 
1861, the corps was enlarged, and some old flint-locks took 
the place of wooden guns they were using, and Charles 
Morris was made captain. The corps thrived from this 
time out. In July, 1861, George F. Chapin was elected 
captain, and during his term of command, with Captain 
Francis W Pray as drill-master, the company won two 
prizes in a competition drill at Music Hall, Boston. J. E. 
Phipps succeeded Capt. Chapin, in April, 1863. During 
the war the company did escort and other duties at home, 
always acquitting themselves most admirably. The com- 
pany from time to time was reduced in numbers, many of 
its members enlisting for the war, but it was continually 
being added to, enough members being present at regular 
meeting to keep up the organization. The company sent 
over one hundred of its men to the front, and of its origi- 
nal members, Wesley Packard and James Doughty were 
killed while attached to the 36th Regiment. On the 5th 
of October, 1864, the Cadets were made the 26th Unat- 
tached Company, M. V M., and George F. Chapin was 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLITNTEEE MILITIA. 113 

elected its first Militia Captain on the above date. The 
company was attached to the 5th Regiment, M. V M., 
Col. George H. Peirson, at the time of the re-organization 
of the State Regiments, May 18th, 1865, and received as 
their Company letter " A." 

Capt. Chapin resigned his position Oct. 7th, 1866, and 
was succeeded by Lieut. Henry C. Cutter, who brought the 
company to the highest standard of military discipline. 
Capt. Cutter held bis position until May, 1871, when he was 
succeeded by Lieut. Frank Todd, who was honorably dis- 
charged September, 1871, and was succeeded by Captain 
Francis W Pray, Jan., 1872, "the father of the company." 
Capt. Pray did the corps great service by condescending 
to become its commander, and he did not give up the 
position until it could be left in good hands, which oc- 
curred Nov. 23d, 1874, upon the election of Capt. John E. 
Phipps. Capt. Phipps has held the position ever since, 
with a marked degree of ability, and while under his com- 
mand, the corps have received the highest mark at the 
State inspection, A. 1, and have taken the grand prize at 
the Massachusetts Militia rifle competition. The company 
has made a national reputation for their hospitality, hav- 
ing entertained the following organizations : A battalion 
of the 22d Regiment, N G., New York, the 5th Maryland 
regiment, Washington Light Infantry, Washington, D. C, 
Governor's Foot Guard, of Hartford, Conn., and New 
Haven Grays of 2d Conn. N G. The company has visited 
New York, New Haven and Lawrence, and own one of the 
most costly company uniforms in the State ; they also occupy 
one of the best armories in this country. Every office in 
this regiment has been held by graduates from this corps. 



114 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

CO. B. (SOMERVILLE LlGHT INFANTRY,) SoMERVILLE. 

Co. B was organized in 1853, and was first commanded 
by Capt. George O. Brastow. Francis Tufts succeeded in 
command in 1854, and the company was attached to the 
Fifth as Co. B, in 1 855. The company served in the first 
three months men as Co. I, under Capt. George O. Bras- 
tow, who was commissioned August, 1859. W E. Robin- 
son assumed command in May, 1862, and was succeeded 
by Capt. B. F. Parker, who was commissioned Septem- 
ber, 1862, and the old company letter, B, was resumed. 
The company served during the nine months' campaign, 
under his command, and, during the one hundred days' 
service was under Capt. J N Coffin, who was commis- 
sioned July, 1864. In April, 1865, Capt. G- W Daniels 
took command, and he was succeeded by Capt. C. F. 
King, June 7th, 1871. Rudolph Kramer was elected cap- 
tain, August 4th, 1874, and continued as such until the 
company was disbanded on July 6th, 1876, " being the 
lowest in order of inspection." At the time of this dis- 
bandment there was considerable talk among military gen- 
tlemen as to the propriety of such an action by the State 
officials, and it was believed then and is to-clay that there 
was no need of breaking up this company which possessed 
such a brilliant war record. 

The Company was always composed of wide-awake men, 
and had among its commanders some of the most popular 
and honorable men in Somerville,^and it was with surprise 
and regret that the company was legislated out of ex- 
istence. 

Co. C, (Clafltn Guards,) Newton. 
This corps was organized agreeable to a petition of 
Fred'k P. Barnes and 49 others, of Newton, October 4th, 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 115 

1870, and were attached as Co. L, to the First Regiment, 
M. V. M. Its first commander was Capt. Isaac F Kings- 
bury, now Assistant Adjutant-General, who was elected 
Oct. 10th, 1870. The company letter was changed to C, 
Feb. 20th, 1872, by General Orders, No. 3. Frank N. 
Brown took command Sept. 22d, 1873 ; Arthur C. Wal- 
worth, Jan. 25th, 1875 ; F X Brown, Nov 24th, 1875, 
to Ja.n. 3d, 1877. In the re-organization of the Militia in 
1876; this corps was attached to the 1st Battalion Infan- 
try, and on Dec. 3d, 1878, was transferred as Co. C, Fifth 
Regiment. G. M. B. Cousens was placed in command, 
Feb. 5th, 1877, and served until Nov. 29th, 1878, when he 
was succeeded by Capt. John A. Kenrick, Jan. 25th, 1879. 
The company has had its reverses, as well as good for- 
tunes, and its ranks have always contained the best ele- 
ments in Newton. The corps was named in honor of 
Governor Claflin, and its reputation is now A. I. The 
Fifth were fortunate in having this company added to its 
ranks. 

Co. F, Medford. 

This organization was attached to the Fifth, at the time 
of the re-organization of the militia in 1866, and on May 
10th, 1866, Capt. Godfrey Ryder, Jr., was commissioned as 
commander. The following are the names of the various 
Captains, and the dates of their commissions : W H. Dane, 
.May 20th, 1867; C. O. Burbank, Jan. 2d; 1872, W W 
Manning, May 22d, 1873. In 1874, the company was 
transferred to Waltham. During its term of service while 
attached to the Fifth, its officers and men enjoyed the 
respect of the other companies, and were very popular, 
turning out with full ranks on all occasions. 



116 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Co. E, Winchester. 
This company was attached to the Fifth in 1855, and 
in 1851 was commanded by Capt. Fred. O. Prince ; it was, 
however, transferred to Medford in 1856. 

Co. C, Watertown. 
This corps was organized as artillery in 1786, and was 
first commanded by Capt. Ebenezer Kent. It was at one 
time attached to the Fifth as Co. C, and served under 
Capt. Joseph Crafts during the nine months' campaign, as 
Company K. 

Co. H, (Salem City Guards,) Salem. 
This company served in the Fifth Regiment during the 
first three months of the war, 1861, and was commanded 
by Capt. Henry Danforth. Tt was organized Nov. 14th, 
1846, and was a part of the 7th Regiment, to which it re- 
turned upon the expiration of its term of service. 

Co. A, (Mechanics Light Infantry,) Salem. 
Co. A was attached to the 5th in 1861, and was com- 
manded by Capt. George H. Peirson, promoted to Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, Colonel, and Brigadier General. It was 
originally attached to the 7th Regiment as Co. B, and 
after its three months' service, returned to its old posi- 
tion in that regiment. The company was organized Feb. 
26th, 1807, and made its first parade July 4th, same year, 
under Capt. Perley Putnam. 

Co. F, (Ward well Tigers,) Boston. 
This company was raised for the three months' regi- 
ment, and was commanded by Capt. D. K. Wardwell. It 
was disbanded at the expiration of its term of service. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER, MILITIA. 117 

Co. F, Waltham. 
This is a comparatively new company, and was organ- 
ized and attached to the Fifth, in the early part of 1874. 
The Company Charter of old Co. F, of Medford, " The 
Lawrence Rifles," was transferred to Waltham, and a ma- 
jority of the members were recruited origin alty from Med- 
ford under Leonard C. Lane, and five others, of Waltham, 
and were sanctioned by Colonel Walter Everett. Leonard 
C. Lane was its first captain, being elected June 24tli, 
1874 ; he was succeeded by Capt. Laroy Browne, Jan. 21st, 
1876 ; and he in turn, Avas followed by Capt. George F. 
Frost, Dec. 13th, 1877, and on the 10th of April, 1879, he 
was succeeded by Capt. C. H. D. Stockbridge. Capt. Lane 
now holds the position of Lieut. -Colonel, and Capt. Frost 
that of Major in the Fifth. The company always turns 
out with full ranks, and Col. Trull has expressed the opin- 
ion that this corps is in as good condition as any other in 
the Fifth Regiment, and that they are alwajs on hand for 
duty 

Co. A, Hamilton Guards (Nine Months' Men) 
Chaklestown. 

Co. A was recruited for the Fifth Regiment during the 
summer of 1862, and was attached to the Fifth during its 
nine months' service in North Carolina Its Captain was 
James F. Green, who was commissioned Sept. 25th, 1862. 
The company thrived until Sept. 1865, when it was dis- 
banded. 

Interesting Notes. 
Private S. J. F Thayer of Co. B, upon his return from 
the nine months' campaign, published an admirable litho- 
graph of Fort Peirson, the camp of the Fifth Regiment 



118 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

while at New Berne, North Carolina, and dedicated the 
same to Col. George H. Peirson. The lithographs had a 
large sale, and are now of considerable value to those who 
possess them. 

Regimental Seal. 

The regimental seal now used by the Fifth was adopted 
at a meeting of the officers held in the armory of Co. H, 
when the regiment was commanded by Lieut. -Col. Ezra 
J- Trull. Surgeon Edward J. Forster was the designer, and 
for simplicity and beauty it will compare favorably with 
any other in the State. It is composed of the following 
significant emblems : A garter enclosing a field of blue 
bearing on its centre a golden bujjle with a silver arabic 
figure 5 in the turn. The field of blue and the bugle indi- 
cate arm — Infantry ; above the bugle the field bears a red 
quatrc-feu.illc, below a silver six-pointed star; the former 
denoting 1st Division, 18th Army Corps, the latter the 2d 
Division, 8th Army Corps. 

The garter bears the legend in Roman capitals : — 

"fifth regiment of infantry, m. v m." 

Fall Encampments of the Fifth Regiment from 
1866 to 1879, Inclusive. 

North Andover, 3 days, Sept. 18, 1866 Col. W. T. Grammer. 

Swampscott, .5 days, Sept. 3,1867, " " " 

Newburyport,. . .5 days, Aug. 25, 1868, Col. Geo. A. Meacham. 

Boxfordi 5 days, Aug. 25, 1869, " " " 

Concord, 5 days, Sept. 6, 1870 " " " 

Swampscott, 5 days, Aug. 25, 1871, Col. Walter Everett. 

Swampscott, ....5 days, Aug. 10, 1872, " " " 

On the 3d day of August, 1873, the annual encampment 
was held on the State grounds at South Framingham, and 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEP^R MILITIA. 119 

every year since, the Regiment has, with its Brigade, 
either in August or September, been present at the re- 
gular fall muster. 



to 



Colonels of the Fifth. 

At the time of this writing, all of the Colonels of the 
Fifth, from 1855, are living, and enjoying excellent health, 
and apparently fair prosperity. 

General Benjamin F Butler was, at the time of the re- 
organization of the Militia, 1855, Colonel of the Old 
Fifth, and, for many years afterwards, commanded the 
Brigade of which the New Fifth was a part. Many inter- 
esting incident have been told to the writer concerning 
the able General, but the present volume has not space 
enough to enumerate them. 

Killed and Wounded. 

Thbee Months' Mex. Nine Months' Mex. 

Killed in action, 8 Killed in action, 1 

Died of wounds, 2 Died of wounds, 12 

10 13 

Several Crack Organizations. 
It does not seem out of place here, to mention two of 
the Old Fourth's Crack Companies. The uniforms worn 
by the Old Militia Companies were often magnificent. 
The general inclination in color was dark blue with buff 
trimmings. The coat was usually of the dress pattern, 
the hat or cap was a gorgeous affair, and if worn by the 
young men of to-day would, doubtless, "topple" them over. 
The companies usually numbered about 100 members, and 
as they were mostly business men, they could afford costly 
uniforms. At May inspections and receptions, their ap- 
pearance was always grand and imposing, and used to have 
an inspiring effect on those who witnessed their evolutions. 



120 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

The following is a full description of one of the finest uni- 
forms, and was worn by the Warren Phalanx, when 
commanded by Capt. Nehemiah Wyman, and at the time, 
1823, was attached to the Fifth Regiment, 1st Brigade, 3d 
Division. 

The Uniform. 

Cap — of fur body with leather frontpiece, trimmed with 
brass scales, yellow metal chains, gilt eagle in front, with 
an 18 in. black plume. 

Coat — of blue cloth, standing collar, single breasted, 
three rows of eleven each, of yellow metal buttons in 
front, three buttons on each cuff, twelve buttons on the 
folds, one button on each side of the collar, trimmed 
with black silk cord, the edges of the collar with gold 
lace, with a diamond of lace on the folds. 

Under-Dress — White drilling pantaloons, with half 
boots. 

Music. 

Two bugles, two fifes, two drums, and one trumbone. 

This company, in 1844, owned one of the most elaborate 
uniforms ever worn, being literally covered with gold, and 
was styled the " Napoleon." 

Charlestown Light Infantry. 
This company once belonged to the " Old Fourth,'' and 
in its time was a crack organization, and wore a most gor- 
geous uniform. Its letter was B and in 1841, was com- 
manded by Stephen Whittemore, Jr. Among the popular 
commanders might be named A- Aaron Hadley, James K. 
Frothingham, J. Deblois, A. P Pritchard, Edward Carnes, 
Chas. Pool, Oliver Cutter, and Timothy T. Sawyer. The 
latter was made captain in August, 1842, and served as 
such until the company was disbanded Sept. 1846. 



massachusetts volunteer militia. 121 

Columbian Guards. 

This corps was a popular one, and was first commanded 
by Capt. Joseph F Boyd, who was a remarkably fine sol- 
dier. Its letter was D in the old Fourth, and was dis- 
banded Nov. 1846. In October 1850, the Light Infantry 
and old members of this corps consolidated and formed 
what is now known as the City Guards. 

There were four companies at one time in Charlestown 
belonging to the Fourth Regiment, and when in line of 
battle, they would take up more space than a regiment 
does now, which shows, perhaps, that the larger the com- 
pany the deeper the interest taken in its affairs and the 
higher the standard of pride and discipline. 

Col. Ezra J. Teull. 

Seventh Colonel of the Fifth Eegiment, M. V M. 
Col. Ezra J. Trull was born in Boston, and when but a 
boy became inspired with the display of the military and the 
strains of martial music. As early as 1858, when sixteen 
years of age, he joined the Boston City Guards, and was 
connected with that body until 1860. In 1861 he joined 
the 4th Battalion of Rifles, and went to the war in the 
13th Regiment, 16th July, 1861, and was commissioned 
as Captain in the 39th Mass. Volunteers (9th Aug. 1862) 
and served in that position through the rest of the war 
with marked ability for so young an officer, and was dis- 
charged June 2d, 1865. In August, 1865, not feeling easy 
away from the military, he joined the Charlestown Cadets, 
5th Regiment, M. V M., and won the position of a corpo- 
ral in a competition drill, 22d November, 1865. On the 
28th of May, 1868, he took his discharge from the Cadets, 



122 HISTOBY OP THE FIFTH BEGIMENT 

and on July 1st, 1872, was appointed Adjutant of the Fifth. 
This position he filled with such noticeable efficiency, that 
at an election of major he was chosen to fill the vacancy, 
and was commissioned Lieut. -Col., July 19th, 1874. On 
the 6th of March, 1875, he was chosen Colonel of the 
Fifth, and has held that position ever since, except for a 
short period during the re-organization of the militia from 
the 28th April, 1876, to 24th July, 1876. Col. Trull has 
been of late years a partner in a successful concern, and 
is much respected by his business associates, as well as by 
the officers and men of the Fifth Regiment. 

He has held positions of trust in the City Government, 
and is highly esteemed by a large circle of friends. His 
record is excellent as a soldier, not only as a private and 
officer in the late war, but as Colonel of the Fifth. To him 
the regiment is greatly indebted for many valuable im- 
provements in the management of its affairs. It is not out 
of place here to say that Colonel Trull ranks high among 
the best officers of the State, and is considered as good a 
regimental commander and tactician as there is now in the 
State militia. 

Excursion of the Fifth M. V M., to New Haven. 

Who of the Fifth, that participated in the excursion of 
the regiment to New Haven, Connecticut, on July 4th, 
1879, will ever forget the pleasures of that visit? who will 
not look back upon this occasion as one of the brightest 
in their military career? 

The Fifth Regiment have a fair record for hospitality, 
and among the organizations they have entertained, are the 
following : Ninth Regiment, N. G. S., New York, Colonel 
James Fisk, Jr., June 17th, 1871, Fifth Maryland (escort), 
June 17th, 1875. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 123 

It may be well here to relate an interesting incident 
connected with the reception of this regiment. In 1864, 
when the Fifth were doing garrison duty at Fort Marshall 
in the vicinity of Baltimore, Md., a detachment was or- 
dered under Major William T Grammer to occupy Fort 
McHenry. While performing this duty, Major Grammer 
received orders from General Morris to erect a gallows in 
the Fort yard, and on Monday, at sunrise, to execute three 
spys, but at midnight, Sunday, a reprieve came from the 
President, and the prisoners were sent to Albany. It hap- 
pened strangely that one of the three prisoners was a 
Lieutenant in one of the companies of the Fifth Maryland 
during its visit to Boston, and he eagerly sought out "Major 
Grammer," to whom he was introduced, and it may be 
well imagined that an interesting interview followed ; in 
fact, during the stay of the Marylanders, these two military 
gentlemen were seen constantly together, and a better 
illustration of " shaking hands across the bloody chasm" 
could not have been found. 

The Fifth also received the Second Connecticut on the 
occasion of their visit to Charlestown, June 17th, 1878, and 
this was an event long to be remembered by the military 
and citizens of that District. Although the rain fell in 
torrents most of the day, the programme laid out for the 
visitors was fully carried out, and were satisfactory to the 
participants, and the courtesies extended to them by the 
officers and men of the Fifth were deeply appreciated by 
the Second. The appearance of the Connecticut troops 
in Charlestown created considerable enthusiasm ; their 
marching was of the best, and their discipline was per- 
fect, insomuch that the military critics of the press ac- 
corded them a high standard of excellence. 



124 HISTOEY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

The officers of the Second, in full appreciation of the 
kindness shown them on this occasion, cordially invited 
the Fifth to visit Connecticut the next year, and so earnest 
were they in their expressions, that a favorable answer 
was given them before they left the State. 

How soon are the good deeds of a patriotic people for- 
gotten, and it is only by referring to the history of that 
early period of the war when our Fifth were received at 
New Haven on their way to Washington, that we find a 
slight mention of the hospitable manner in which they were 
entertained. One of the Fifth's volunteers who was present 
on that grand occasion, recently told the writer the follow- 
ing particulars, which would doubtless never have been 
recorded, but for his timely utterances. He said, " You 
say the Fifth were received in grand style on your recent 
excursion; well, I can assure you that your reception did 
not amount to a penny whistle beside the one we received 
when stopping here for an hour's refreshment on our way 
to the war. Long before we reached the city, on the house- 
tops and beside the railroad we could see the people in 
throngs waving their handkerchiefs, cheering and making 
the wildest demonstrations as Ave passed, and when we 
arrived in New Haven, I saw a sight there I shall not for- 
get to my dying day. Everywhere about the depot and 
streets there was not an inch of ground but what was cov- 
ered by the swaying multitude, with eager faces all up- 
turned like coins to pay us a tribute. Bells were rung, 
the cannons belched, and the din was raging wild. After 
we landed, we were feasted and honored like kings. Ham- 
pers of champagne, brandy, and such things were loaded 
on to the train, haversacks were crowded with goodies and 
solid food, the thoughtful people thus testified in a small 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 125 

way that their hearts were with us. The ladies and chil- 
dren took part in the grand ovation, bottles of cologne, 
soap, letter paper, handkerchiefs, towels and the like were 
showered upon us, and when we left that city, we felt that 
such people did not belong to this earth ; indeed, it was a 
difficult thing to break away from them. The tears that 
were shed, and the " God bless you "' said on that occasion 
were from the hearts of the most patriotic and generous 
people I ever met, nor have I seen their like since. When 
I heard that the old Fifth were going to New Haven again, 
I said to myself as a tear started to my eye in remembrance 
of the days gone by, well, they are going to a people that 
will not allow them to rest until they have had one of the 
most glorious receptions they ever experienced." 

As early as October 16th," 1878, Col. Trull of the Fifth, 
at a meeting held at headquarters, introduced the idea of 
an extended excursion, to occur some time in June, 1879, 
and it was seriously discussed and finally agreed to visit 
Baltimore and New Haven. A committee was appointed 
to take the matter into consideration, and consisted of the 
following officers: Col. Ezra J Trull, Paymaster Chas. 
A. Fairbanks, Captains F B. Bogan, J. E. Phipps, and 
J Henry Brown. This committee reported at a subse- 
quent meeting of the officers, and it was deemed inexpedi- 
ent to go to Baltimore, owing to the great expense, and the 
time that would be consumed. The following circular 
was issued by Col. Trull, and explains itself. 

Headqtjabteks Fifth Eegiment of Lxfantky, M. V. M. 

Boston, February 14, 1879. 

Cikctjlae. 
The next Regular Meeting of the Officers of the Regi- 
ment will occur on Wednesday Evening, February 19th, 



126 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

at 8 o'clock. The Commander of the Regiment expects 
every officer to be -present, as business of importance will be 
transacted. Commanders of Companies will be ready to 
report at this meeting the action of their commands in re- 
gard to the New Haven trip in June next. The Commit- 
tee on New Haven trip will be ready to report, so far as 
is possible ; also, the Committee on Revision of " Rules 
and Regulations." A meeting of the Field and Staff will 
be held during the evening. 

By command of Col. Ezra J. Trull. 
Frank L. Stevenson, First Lieut, and Adft. 

At this meeting there was a very full attendance, and the 
committee reported favorable to the proposed visit. On 
the 19th of March, an adjourned meeting of the committee 
was held, and it was voted that the visit to New Haven in 
June be made on the 19th, 20th, and 21st, instead of the 
16th, 17th, and 18th, as was previously voted. This 
change was made so as to allow the Charlestown Compa- 
nies to participate in the 17th of June celebrations. 

The following general order was issued in regard to the 
proposed excursion, and shows the determination of Col. 
Trull to place his command in a thorough condition before 
the departure. 

Headquarters Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. Y M. 

Boston, March 6, 1879. 

General Orders, No. l. 

As the Regiment has fully decided to visit New Haven, 

Conn., in June next, every officer and man must see the 

necessity of constant and thorough drill, in order that they 

may do credit to themselves and the State they represent. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 127 

Every member must feel that on him individually rests the 
success of the excursion and the honor of the Regiment, 
and the Commander expects that all will earnestly labor 
to bring our organization up to a high standard of drill 
and discipline. An Inspection in full dress uniform (white 
gloves), heavy marching order, will take place as follows : 

Company H, Thursday evening, March 20th, 1879, at 
8 o'clock ; Company F, Thursday evening, March 27th, 
1879, at 8 o'clock ; Company D, Monday evening, March 
31st, 1879, at 8 o'clock ; Company B, Monday evening, 
April 7th, 1879, at 8 o'clock ; Company E, Friday even- 
ing, April 11th, 1879, at 8 o'clock ; Company A, Monday, 
evening, April 14th, 1879, at 8 o'clock ; Company G, 
Wednesday evening, April 23d, 1879, at 8 o'clock ; Com- 
pany C, Monday evening, April 28th, 1879, at 8 o'clock. 

After inspection the Companies will be drilled in all the 
Company movements, and loadings and firings. All Nod- 
Commissioned Officers, who have not been examined, will 
come before the Board at this time. Commanders of 
Companies will fill all vacancies of Non-Commissioned Of- 
ficers, and forward their names to these Headquarters. 
The Commander of the Regiment expects every officer 
and man to be present, and no one will be excused except 
by written request addressed to these Headquarters, favor 
ably endorsed by Company Commanders. 

By Command of Col. Ezra J Trull. 
Frank L. Stevenson, First Lieut, and Adjutant. 

The result of the above inspection was highly grati- 
fying to the Commander, and active preparations were 
immediately begun. In April the following order ap- 
peared. 



128 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Headquarters Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. V M. 

Boston, April 8, 1879. 
General Orders, No. 2. 
The inspection of Company A is hereby postponed from 
Monday evening, April 14th, 1879, at 8 o'clock, to Monday 
evening, May 5th, 1879, at 8 o'clock. 

The Commander of the Regiment desires to impress 
upon every member of the Regiment the necessity of con- 
stant and thorough drill, in order that the Regiment may 
make a good appearance on its excursion to New Haven 
Every officer and man must do his best to fill up the ranks 
with good men, and leave nothing undone that will tend 
to advance the interests of the Regiment in drill discipline 
and members. 

There are now but a few weeks before the excursion 
takes place, and the Commander expects that all will work 
hard to make the Regiment second to none. 

By Command of Col. Ezra J. Trull. 
Frank L. Stevenson, First Lieut, and Adjutant. 

The Committee visited New Haven, Tuesday, April 
loth, and were accompanied by several of the officers of 
the regiment. They were magnificently entertained by 
the officers of the Second, and were given assurance of a 
soldier's welcome for the entire regiment. The New 
Haven Grays gave a ball on the occasion of their visit, and 
in many other ways favorably noticed the committee ; one 
or two subsequent visits to perfect arrangements were 
made, and at one of them the City Authorities expressed a 
desire that the visit be postponed until the Fourth of July, 
when they proposed to have a large military display, it 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 129 

being the occasion of the celebration of the one hundredth 
anniversary of the evacuation of the city by the British. 

Of course this was acceeded to, and such active meas- 
ures as were necessary were immediately begun. The fol- 
lowing orders were issued by the Commander, and show 
the earnest manner in which he entered into the proposed 
excursion, being determined to place the regiment on the 
most solid footing. 

Headquarters Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. V- M. 

Boston, June 9, 1879. 
General Orders, No. 7. 

1. The Regiment having adopted the American Band 
of Boston, as Regimental Band, it will hereafter be 
known as " The Fifth Regiment Band of Boston." 

2. Musician Wm. W Keith, Jr., Co. C, is hereby ap- 
pointed Drum-Sergeant, and will have charge of all Com- 
pany Musicians, under the supervision of the Drum Major. 
All the Drummers (with their drums) will report to Ser- 
geant Keith at the armory of Co. D, Fifth Regiment, No. 
348 Washington Street, Boston, on Wednesday Evenings, 
June 18th, and 25th, 1879, at 8 o'clock, for instruction and 
drill. 

By Command of Col. Ezra J. Trull. 
Frank L. Stevenson, First Lieut, and AdJ't. 

Headquarters Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. V- M- 

Boston, June 14, 1879. 
General Orders, No. 8. 
Commanders of Companies with their Commissioned 
Officers, Five Sergeants, Four Corporals and Eight Pri- 
vates (a private will take the place of any absent Non- 
commissioned Officer) in undress uniform, will report to 



130 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

the Adjutant at Institute of Technology Drill Shed, on 
Wednesday Evening, June 18th, 1879, at eight o'clock, for 
Battalion Drill. 

Field Officers, Adjutant, and Sergeant-Major will re- 
port at same time and place to the Colonel. 

Captain Phipps, Company A, and Captain Ellard, Com- 
pany Cr, will have the markers with them. 

Color Bearers will be with their Companies and carry 
rifles. 

By Order of Col. Ezra J Trull. 

Frank L. Stevenson, First Lieut, and Adj't. 

Headquarters Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. V M. 

Boston, June 20, 1879. 
General Orders, No, 9. 

Commanders of Companies with their Commissioned 
Officers, five Sergeants, four Corporals and eight Privates, 
(a private will take the place of any absent Non-Commis- 
sioned Officer,) in undress uniform, will report to the Ad- 
jutant at Institute of Technology Drill Shed, on Wednes- 
day Evening, June 25th, 1879, at 8 : 15 o'clock, sharp, 
for Battalion Drill. 

Field Officers and Adjutant will report to the Colonel 
at the same time and place. 

Captain Phipps, Company A, and Captain Ellard, 
Company G, will have the regularly detailed markers with 
them. Drummers, in undress uniform, with their drums 
will report to Drum-Sergeant Keith at Armory Company 
D, No. 348 Washington Street, at 8 o'clock, for instruction 
and drill. Company Commanders will see that their drum- 
mers attend. 

As this is the last opportunity we shall have for drill 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 131 

before going to New Haven, the Commander expects each 
Company to have the full number detailed, and that all 
will endeavor to improve themselves in their several duties. 

By Order of Col. Ezra J. Trull. 
Frank L. Stevenson, First Lieut, and Adft. 

The Commanders of each Company were untiring in 
their efforts to make each man perfectly acquainted with 
his duties, and no new recruits were taken, who could 
not be placed in the front ranks. 

The men seemed imbued with the same feeling that 
possessed their popular Colonel, and to make a fine ap- 
pearance in the City of Elms, was uppermost in the 
minds of each. 

The following valuable order was issued, and contains 
the very essence of compactness in information and knowl- 
edge of the requirements of excursionists. 

Headquarters Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. V- M. 

Boston, June 26, 1879. 
General Orders, No. 10. 

This Regiment having decided by unanimous vote to 
make an excursion to New Haven, Conn., on July 4th, 
1879, the following orders are issued for the information 
and guidance of the members, and will be obeyed : 

I. Commanders of Companies with their Commands, in 
full dress uniform, heavy marching order, overcoats on top 
knapsacks, will report to the Adjutant on the Parade 
Ground of Boston Common, at 10 o'clock on the night of 
July 3d, 1879. Neither collars nor white gloves will be 
worn. Commander of Company H, will escort the col- 
ors to the ground. Field, Staff and Band will report at 
same time and place to the Commander of the Regiment. 



132 HISTOKY OF THE FIFTH KEG1MENT 

II. Each man will carry in his knapsack, neatly packed, 
Blouse, Fatigue Cap, White Pants, Collars, White Gloves, 
and Toilet Articles. Commanders are again notified to 
see that Arms, Equipments, Knapsacks and Clothing, (es- 
pecially blouses) are in the best of order. 

III. Commanders of Companies will hand to the Adju- 
tant, on reporting, the number of Officers and men in 
their Commands, made on morning report blanks. They 
will hand to the Paymaster Two Dollars and Fifty Cents 
($2.50), for each officer and man in their Commands, and 
for each of their guests. No person will.be allowed on 
the train without a ticket received through the Paymaster. 
Each Company will be allowed two servants. 

IV There will be one or more sleeping cars attached 
to the train, and Company Commanders Avill notify the 
Commander of the Regiment of the number of guests and 
men who will want berths, on or before July 1st. Each 
berth will accommodate two persons. The cost will be 
extra, $1.25 each way, or $2.00 the round trip. Tickets 
are good only on the excursion train. All baggage, plainly 
marked, will be sent to the Boston and Providence Rail- 
road Station, by ten o'clock on the e'vening of July 3d. 

V Company Commanders will see that during the trip 
the men remain in the cars, and are not allowed on 
the platform, or to pass from one car to another. The 
greatest care will be taken of arms and equipments, and 
officers are referred to Section 3, Article 22, and Sections 
1 and 2, Article 18, Regulations, M. V M. 

VI. The following details are made, and they will re- 
port to the Adjutant on the Common, who will take their 
names and Company letter. One Corporal from Compa- 
nies B, C, D, E, F and H, for Color Guard ; two privates 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 133 

each from Companies A and G for Markers. Color Ser- 
geants Cutler and Ballard will report with the colors to 
Captain Brown, Company H, at his Armory on Thursday 
Evening, July 3d, 1879, at 8:45 o'clock. 

VII. The following named Captains will act as Officers 
of the Day for the time mentioned, and will report to the 
Commander of the Regiment for instructions: Captain 
Brown, Company H, from Boston to Kew Haven ; Cap- 
tain Phipps, Company A, from 6 o'clock, July 4th, 1879, 
to 2 o'clock, July 4th, 1879 ; Captain Bancroft, Company 
B, from 2 o'clock, July 4th, 1879, to 8 o'clock, July 4th, 
1879 ; Captain "Whitney, Company E, from 8 o'clock, July 
4th, 1879, to 6 o'clock, A. m., July oth, 1879; Captain 
Snow, Company D, from 6 o'clock, A. m., July 5th, till 
arrived in Boston. Officers and men will implicitly obey 
all orders received from the above-mentioned officers. 

VIII. The Regiment will be quartered as follows : 
Headquarters, Tontine Hotel ; Field, Staff, Non-Com- 
missioned Staff and Invited Guests of the Regiment, Ton- 
tine Hotel ; Band, Yale Dining Rooms ; Company A, Trem- 
ont House, Company B, Union House, Company C, Austin 
House, Company D, Yale Dining Rooms, Company E, 
Sleep in Germania Hall, Meals at Florence House, Com- 
pany F, Sleep in City Hotel, Meals at Florence House, 
Company G, Sleep in Germania Hall, Meals at Florence 
House, Company H, Nesbitt's Hotel. Commanders of 
Companies will see that arms, equipments and clothing 
are in a safe place, under lock and key, when not in use, 
and will themselves settle with the Hotel proprietors for 
board and lodgings. The Commander of the Regiment 
hopes that each Company will have with them two good 
drummers. 

IX. Every member of the Regiments must remember 



134 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

that we represent the State of Massachusetts, and that on 
your drill,, discipline, obedience to orders, promptness, 
and individual behavior rests the reputation of the State 
and Regiment. Officers and men will salute at all times, 
and the Commander expects that all will remember they 
are gentlemen and soldiers. 

By Order of Col. Ezra J. Trull. 

Frank L. Stevenson, First Lievt. and Adft. 

These last words of Colonel Trull had their desired ef- 
fect, as subsequent mention will prove. 

Headquabtees Fifth Regiment Lsfantey, M. V M. 

Boston, June 30, 1879. 

ClECULAE. 

The Regiment will leave Boston about 10 : 30 o'clock on 
the evening of July 3d, 1879, arriving in New Haven 
about 6 o'clock, a. m., July 4th, where it will be met at 
the depot by a delegation of Officers of the 2d Regiment 
Connecticut National Guard, and will immediately march 
to the Headquarters of the 5th, where it will be dismissed 
to go to quarters for breakfast, and prepare for the parade. 
About 8: 30 o'clock, the Regiment (in full dress uniform, 
white pants, collars and gloves, without knapsacks), will 
assemble and be formally received by the 2d Regiment 
Connecticut National Guard, Colonel Charles P Graham, 
commanding, and escorted by them to their place in line. 
After participating in the procession, they will pass in 
review before the Governor of Connecticut, General 
Smith, City Authorities and Invited Guests ; they will 
then form in line of masses, and go through Brigade Dress 
Parade, General Smith commanding, after which they will 
be dismissed for dinner, and from that time until 7 : 30 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 135 

the next morning, officers and men will associate with 
their brother soldiers of Connecticut. At 7 : 30 o'clock 
on the morning of July 5th, the companies will be 
ready to " fall in," heavj- marching order (every man), and 
we shall go through a Regimental Dress Parade on the 
Green, marching from thence to the depot to take the cars 
for home at 9 o'clock, A. M., where we shall arrive about 
3 : 30 o'clock, p. M. We shall make a short parade, giving 
General Sutton and the Mayor a marching salute, and 
have a Dress Parade on the Common. 

I expect that every officer and man will be posted in 
his duties, obey all orders promptly and cheerfully, and 
be on hand every time when Ave fall in. I don't want any 
stragglers or any men left behind, when we leave New 
Haven. Each man must feel that on him, individually, 
and on his behavior rests the success of the excursion and 
the good name of the Regiment. You cannot be too care- 
ful. Commanders of Companies will instruct their men 
about saluting, and caution them to salute every Officer 
they meet, and every time they meet him. After the j>a- 
rade is over, July 4th, officers and men will appear on the 
street in undress uniform, white pants, no citizens cloth- 
irg of any description to be worn. 

Now soldiers, I leave it to you to see that everything 

is carried out in good shape, and nothing occurs to mar 

the credit of the Regiment, or the pleasure of the occasion. 

Yours truly, Ezka J. Teull. 

Colonel Commanding 5th Regiment Infantry, 31. V 31. 

The following circular was issued by Colonel Graham, 
of the Second Connecticut Regiment, which gives the pro- 
gramme of their Command, in its entertainment of the 
Fifth, and will not appear out of place here. 



136 HISTOKY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Headqarters Second Regiment, Connecticut National Guard. 

Middletown, June 24, 1879. 
Circular, No. i. 

The Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 
Colonel Ezra J. Trull, Commanding, will visit New Haven 
on July 4th, 1879, remaining until the next day. The 
Regiment is expected to arrive at 6 o'clock on the morn- 
ing of the Fourth, and will participate in the grand cele- 
bration to take place on that day. 

The courtesies extended to the Second while they were 
in Boston last year, by Colonel Trull and his Command, 
will be gratefully remembered by everv Officer and mem- 
ber of this Regiment. The Board of Officers of this Com- 
mand desire to make the visit of the Fifth, one that shall 
ever be remembered by them with gratification, and to 
give them a reception that will make their short stay 
pleasant and their excursion a success. They have there- 
fore arranged the following programme : 

The field and staff and commissioned officers of New 
Haven companies will meet the Fifth and its distinguished 
guests at the depot upon their arrival, and escort them 
to their headquarters. 

At 10 : 30 o'clock, the Second will formally receive the 
Fifth on Elm street, and escort them to their position in 
line for the parade. Immediately after the parade, both 
regiments will form on the public square for review and 
brigade dress parade, Brigadier-General Stephen R. Smith 
in command, after which both regiments will be dismissed 
for the day. 

In the evening the band of the Fifth will give a grand 
concert on the public square, during which the officers 
and guests of both regiments will partake of a banquet, 
given by the Second, in honor of the visitors. Members of 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 137 

the various companies of the visiting regiment will par- 
take of collation at the armories of the city companies at 
the same time. 

On Saturday morning, July 5th, the Fifth will have a 
dress parade on the public square, after which they will 
march to the depot, and embark for home. 
Charles P Graham, 

Colonel Commanding Second Regiment, C. N. C. 

Owing to the transfer of the Charlestown Artillery 
Company D, Captain F B. Bogan, to the 9th Regiment, 
Captain H. A. Snow of the Fusileers, was placed on the 
Committee of Arrangements. 

According to custom and law, a regiment leaving the 
State under arms, are required to gain permission of the 
Commander of the State to do so ; the}- are also obliged to 
have authority to pass through the states on their route. 

It is thought best to publish the following grants, that 
there may be a complete record of the details of the ex- 
cursion. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Ajdjutaxt-Genebae's Office, 
Boston, June 16, 1879. 
Special Oedee, No. 75. 

EXTRACT. 

III. Permission is hereby granted the 5th Regiment 
Infantry, M. V M., Colonel E. J Trull, Commander, to 
leave the State on a visit to New Haven, Conn., on the 3d 
July next, to return on the following 5th July. 
By order of the Commander-in-Chief. 

A. Hot Berry, Adjutant- General. 



138 HISTOEY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

State of Rhode Island. 
Adjutant-General's Office, Providence, June 21, 1879. 

Special Orders, No. 24. 
Permission is hereby granted to the 5th Regiment, Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteer Militia to enter this State, armed and 
equipped as a military body, and remain therein July 3d to 
5th, 1879. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief. 

C. H. Barney, Adjutant- General. 
Colonel Ezra J. Trull, Commander Fifth M. V M. 
Official : A. Hun Beret, AdjutanUGeneral. 

General Headquarters, State of Connecticut. 

Adjutant-General's Office, Hartford, July 18, 1879. 
Special Orders, No. 47. 
Permission is hereby accorded the 5th Regiment Massa- 
chusetts' Volunteer Militia, to enter this State, armed and 
equipped as a military body, on a visit to New Haven, 
July 3d, to 5th proximo. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief. 

Edward HaRland, Adjutant- General 

The Start. 

Agreeable to orders, the regiment assembled on Boston 
Common, at 10 : 30 p. M., on the night of July 3d, 1879. 
It was a delightful evening ; the air was cool, and the 
officers and men were in the best of spirits. 

Soon after, the regiment and its invited guests marched 
to the Providence Railroad depot, and embarked on a 
special train of thirteen cars, at eleven o'clock, for New 
Haven. 

A large and enthusiastic crowd of citizens and friends 
of the regiment were present to see them off, and as the 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 139 

train left the depot, cheer after cheer rent the air, and the 
journey began. The various companies were quartered 
in a comfortable manner, and many pleasant features added 
to the excitement and enjoyment of the trip. All along 
the line, the boys were greeted with rockets and cheers, 
and when the first stop was made at Mansfield, the citi- 
zens were at the depot, and with fish-horns and explosives, 
gave vent to their patriotism, and put the soldiers into a 
corresponding humor. All night long the boys were wide- 
awake, and he who dared to sleep was the victim of some 
trick from the busy minds of his more wakeful comrades. 
A few there were who stowed away " forty winks," and 
Capt. Brown, the officer of the night, reported " every- 
thing on the stir, but no one troublesome." 

And so the night wore on, and at day-break, the boys 
were putting themselves in trim, preparatory to the arrival. 

Arrival in New Haven. 

On the arrival of the train at New Haven, which was at 
about 6 o'clock, A. M., the air was rent with cheers, and 
the " Nutmegers " were alive, and great throngs were in 
and about the depot, awaiting the Massachusetts' soldiers. 

Among those at the depot who were in waiting to re- 
ceive the troops, were the " Mystic Men." In other words, 
half a hundred Grays, sporting white plug hats of all shapes 
and ages, and commanded by General Beers and Colonel 
Catlin, marched from the armory to the depot, and were 
on hand to welcome the visitors, but, more especially, the 
Charlestown Cadets. 

The field, staff, and commanding officers of the Second 
C. N. G were present, and, under their escort, the reg- 
iment were soon on the march with the Fifth Regimental 
Band at the head, playing their prettiest music. 



140 HISTOKY OF THE FTFTH REGIMENT 

Crowds were assembled all along the line of march, and 
the gay colors and decorations with banners printed " Wel- 
come f)th, M. V M." ; the applause and cheers which 
greeted the 5th, gave evidence that a royal reception 
was awaiting them. On they marched, and at every turn 
new sights and sounds of welcome greeted them, which 
made the boys " brace up," and though they had had but 
little sleep, the excitement gave them " vim " and cour- 
age. After a comfortable march through some of the prin- 
cipal streets, the escort halted in front of the Tontine 
House, Regimental Headquarters, and the entire command 
was then dismissed to go to their assigned quarters. 

The boys betook themselves to their rooms, and after 
performing ablutions, were ready for their "grub." The 
Fifth, being in heavy marching order upon their arrival, 
and marching in columns of fours, did not show themselves 
off to particular advantage ; but before the hour for form- 
ing line, they were clad in white pants and gloves, and 
every man saw to it that his uniform and boots were in a 
perfect condition. At 10: 30 o'clock, the regiment assem- 
bled in front of the Tontine House, and were there form- 
ally received by the Second Regiment. 

The day opened and continued to be pleasant, although 
the sun was shining hot the grateful shades of the mag- 
nificent elms allayed, in a degree, the intense heat. The 
Second shortly escorted their visitors to the right of line 
in the procession, taking a position succeeding the Second 
C. N G. The route was an extensive one, and covered, 
at least, three miles in length. At 11 o'clock, the column 
began to move, and, for four hours, the steady tread of 
marshal men was heard through the crowded streets. 

It is not for us to say who did the best on the march ; 
but that the Fifth did nobly, no one can deny, and we 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 141 

leave it to others, as will be seen in this history, to give 
the Fifth their just dues. 

The concourse of spectators was simply immense ; they 
lined the sidewalks, windows, and grand stands, and in 
many ways gave evidence of their pleasure at sight of the 
Fifth. The regiment marched in a steady, magnificently 
easy manner, and each company, when it made a wheel, 
was loudly applauded in their efforts. Suffice it to say, 
that their march through New Haven streets was one of 
the grandest and most perfect, since the regiment was or- 
ganized. 

Alter the din and excitement of the march, a 

Grand Review 

was then held before the Governor, Mayor, and other cele- 
brities, under command of Brigadier-General Stephen R. 
Smith, commanding Connecticut National Guard. Upon 
the staff were the following officers, whose familiar faces 
were happily recognized by the troops : Colonel Kingsbury. 
Assistant-Adjutant-General ; Colonels Parker and Fisk, 
Assistant-Quartermaster-Generals. The Connecticut troops 
made a fine displaj r , and the Fifth held the same honora- 
ble position in soldierly appearance that they had main- 
tained during the long march. The review was a great 
success, and the military had a fine opportunity to witness 
the other eight Divisions as they marched past. The pro- 
cession over, the regiment was dismissed, and the tired 
soldiers went to their respective quarters, and did ample 
justice to the various repasts. There was nothing now for 
the visitors to do but to take things easy This opportu- 
nity was happily availed of by the members of the Fifth, 
and there is no knowing what might have happened had 



142 HiSTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

not a heavy shower dampened their ardor, and kept them 
in-doors. 

The procession was composed of nine Divisions, and was 
about three miles long. We give below the military posi- 
tion of the column : — 

Police. 

American Band of New Haven, George Streit, Leader. 
Captain George M. Harmon, Chief Marshal. 
Assistant Marshals. 
Enos A. Hale, Major William A. Lincoln, Dwight N. Moore, Arthur 
C. Shelton, Thomas F. McGrail, Julius C. Cable, Frank T. Lee, 
Robert F. Burwell, L. F. Dudley, George A. Tyler, William H. Hull, 
Henry W. Clark, Louis H. Frost, Captain Lawrence O'Brien, Colonel 
Charles T. Morse, Milo D. Sperry, Charles W. Scranton, Frank Bige- 
low, Peter Terhune, Paul Wright, Lieutenant Andrew Allen, Charles 
Tuttle, F. S. Andrew. 

First Division. 

Military. 

Brigadier-General, Stephen R. Smith, 

Commanding Connecticut National Guard, and Staff. 

Colt's Band of Hartford, Captain T. G. Adkins, Leader. 

Second Regiment Drum Corps and Trumpeters. 

Colonel Charles P. Graham, Commanding Second Regiment, C. N. 

G., and Staff. 
Second Regiment, C. N. G. (ten companies), as follows: — 
Co. G, Sedgewick Guards, Waterbury, Captain Charles R. Bannon. 
Co. A, Chatfleld Guards, Waterbury, Captain Fred A. Spencer. 
Co. H, Mansfield Guards, Middletown, Captain Fred E. Camp. 
Co. B, City Guards, New Haven, Captain F. W. Tiesing. 
Co. D, National Blues, New Haven, (Colors), Captain H. D. Phillips. 
Co. F, New Haven Grays, New Haven, Captain Charles E. Rounds. 
Co. K, Light Guards, Wallingford, Captain William N. Mix. 
Co. E, Light Guards, New Haven, Captain H. R. Loomis. 
Co. I, Eaton Guards, Meriden, Captain H. B. Wood. 
Co. C, Sarsfield Guards, New Haven, Captain M. F. Brennan. 
Non-Commissioned Staff. 
Fifth Regiment Band of Boston, Mass. 
Fifth Regiment Drum Corps. 
Col. Ezra J. Trull, Commanding Fifth Regiment M. Y M., and Staff. 
Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia (Headquarters, Boston), 
eight Companies, as follows: — 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 143 

Co. A, Charlestown Cadets, Boston, Captain J. E. Phipps. 
Co. H, Cliarlestown City Guards, Boston, Captain J. H. Brown. 
Co. F, — ■-— , Waltham, Captain C. H. D. Stockbridge. 
Co. E, Lawrence Light Guard, Medford, Captain J. H. Whitney. 
Co. D, Independent Fusileers, Boston, Captain H. A. Snow. 
Co. C, Claflin Guards, Newton, Captain J. A. Kenrick. 
Co. B, Cambridge City Guard, Cambridge, Captain W A. Bancroft. 
Co. G, Woburn Mechanics' Phalanx, Woburn, Captain J. W. Ellard. 
Non-Commissioned Staff. 
Band. 
Burnside Guards, Norwalk, (Co D, 4th Regiment, C. N. G.), Captain 
James C. Crowe, with a battalion of probably six companies of the 
Fourth Regiment, C. N. G., under command of Colonel George S. 
Croftjt, commanding Regiment. 
Wheeler & Wilson's Band of Bridgeport, S. C. Rosenberg Leader. 
2d Co. Governor's Foot Guards, New Haven, (organized 1775), Captain J. 

G. Phile. 

Steele's Drum Corps of Hartford. 

1st Co. Governor's Foot Guard, Hartford (organized 1771), Major W. H. 

Talcott. 
Band. 
Robinson's Zouaves, Bridgeport, Captain H. M. Hoyt. 
Sarsfield Temperance Rifles, Waterbury, Captain D. J. Casey. 
Drum Corps. 
Battalion, C. C. Institute, New Haven, Major W. H. Stowe, Com- 
manding. 
Co. A, Captain Walter R. Downes. 
Co. B, Veteran, Captain — — — . 
First Section Light Artillery, C. N. G, Guilford, Lieut. W- H. Lee. 

Bristol Band. 
2d Co. Governor's Horse Guards, New Haven, Major C. W- Blakeslee, Jr. 

Band. 



Roster of the Fifth Regiment. 

Colonel, Ezra J. Trull. 

Lieutenant-Colonel, Leonard C. Lane. 

Major, G. F. Frost 

Major, A. L. Richardson. 

Quartermaster, F. G. Williams. 

Surgeon, Edward J. Forster. 

Assistant-Surgeon, (Vacant.) 

Adjutant, F. L. Stevenson. 

Paymaster. C. A. Fairbanks. 

Chaplain, W H. Ryder. 



144 history of the fifth regiment. 

Non-Commissioned Staff. 

Sergeant-Major, D. L. Weeks. 

Quartermaster's Sergt., . Fred. W Johnson. 
Hospital Steward, S. S. Bradford. 

Co. A, Captain, J. E. Phipps: Lieutenant, G. F. Clarridge; Lieutenant, 
William B. Hawes. 

Co. B, Captain, William A. Bancroft; Lieutenant, J. H. Henderson; 
Lieutenant, John K. Perkins. 

Co. C, Captain, John A. Kenrick; Lieutenant, H. W. Downes; Lieuten- 
ant F. L. Barnes. 

Co. D, Captain, Henry A. Snow; Lieutenant, G. H. Lincoln; Lieuten- 
ant, Frank A. Boise. 

Co. E, Captain, J. H. Whitney; Lieutenant, C. K. Dawson; Lieut. 

Co. F, Captain, C. H. D. Stockbridoe; Lieut. ; Lieut. . 

Co. G, Captain, John W. Ellard; Lieutenant, C. W. Converse; Lieuten- 
ant, Lyman P. Pell. 

Co. H, Captain, J. Henry Brown; Lieutenant, J. II. Martin; Lieuten- 
ant, J. E. Clark. 

Entertainment of Companies. 

CoJIPANV A, ClTART.ESTOWN. 

When, in 187^, it became known that the 2d Connecti- 
cut Regiment thought of visiting Boston, the Charlestown 
Cadets, with their usual spirit of hospitality, determined 
to extend some courtesy to one or more companies of the 
visiting organization. But the time was so limited, when 
the regiment definitely decided to come, that nothing of 
the nature of a formal reception was attempted, save in 
an informal way, to fraternize, and, by individual courte- 
sies, to make their visit as pleasing as possible. 

The New Haven Grays were finally decided upon as the 
company to be noticed, and on the dismissal of the parade, 
they were quickly conducted to the armory of the Cadets, 
where an opportunity was afforded them to clear the mud 
from their uniforms, to moisten their parched lips, and to 
smoke the health of the Charlestown Companies, as they 
were escorted about the town, viewing the several points 
of interest, while waiting for the " Assembly " to be beat, 
ere they were escorted to their quarters in the city proper. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 145 

This courtesy, slight as it was, it seems, was not mis- 
spent, nor did the Grays forget the fact, as one of them 
expressed it, " that they had been singled out from the 
other companies of the regiment, and made the recipient 
of any special courtesy at the hands of the Charlestown 
Cadets." A letter from the Secretary of the Grays, Mr. 
G. H. Lowe, some two weeks before the trip, extending 
the freedom of their Armory to the Cadets, and stating 
that a Committee would meet them at the depot on their 
arrival, gave the Cadets to understand that some slight 
courtesy was intended, but the result proved that the ex- 
pectations of the most sanguine had been more than real- 
ized. Their welcome was outspoken, and loud in every 
respect. Upon the arrival of the train at New Haven, and 
subsequent dismissal of the regiment, the Cadets were 
taken in hand by a Committee of the Grays, antiquely, and 
in many cases, horribly costumed, and escorted to their 
Armory for a " light lunch," as an appetizer for their 
more substantial and solid repast at the Hotel. Had the 
procession been dismissed at the hour named, it was the 
intention of the New Haven Grays to have taken the 
Cadets "down to the shore," but the military portion of 
the programme occupied so large a part of the day, that 
the idea was abandoned, and the Cadets entertained in 
and about the city. When the procession was finally 
dismissed, dinner served, and the boj^s attired in fatigue, 
delegations from the Grays put in an appearance at the 
Cadets' quarters, and conducted them to their elegant 
Armory, which was thrown open to them, and the Cadets 
invited to make it their headquarters during their stay in 
the city. The inside of the Armory was decked for the 
occasion, and prominently displayed on the front of the 
balcony, at the head of the Hall, were the shields of the 



146 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Grays and Cadets, one above the other, the monogram of 
the Cadets being so placed upon an ingenious piece of 
scroll work, as to form the middle letter of the word 
" wel — C — ome." This was the work of one of the mem- 
bers, and was presented to the Cadets by the artist, and 
is now in position in their Armory, as a souvenir of their 
more than pleasant visit to New Haven. After viewing the 
various appointments of the Grays' comfortable Armory, 
the Cadets were conducted to the refreshment room, where 
a nice little lunch was spread for their delectation and deg- 
lutition, and, despite the fact that they had just arisen from 
a bountiful dinner at the Hotel, the temptation was too 
great to be resisted, and the good things, liquid and solid, 
rapidly disappeared, only to be replenished from some in- 
visible source. Eating and drinking, singing and talking, 
and general merrymaking occupied a large share of the 
evening's pleasures, interrupted, or rather heightened, by 
numerous private and public excursions into the adjacent 
country, the most noticable of which was the grand "■ dress 
parade," participated in by both companies, arranged in 
gorgeous costume. Headed bv two drummers, and a tin 
whistle, and led by a curious personage, helmeted and 
bearing an ancient battle-axe, the procession moved over 
the route to the Tontine House, where an original dress 
parade was effected, and the march resumed. After pay- 
ing a marching salute in passing the department of Police, 
and one or two stops, the procession was returned safely 
to its original point of departure, where it was dismissed, 
and the " veterans " resumed their festivities, so inoppor- 
tunely interrupted. During the evening's festivities, Ex- 
Mayor Lewis was introduced by one of the New Haven 
Grays, as being desirous of saying a few words to the 
boys from Bunker Hill. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 147 

Ex-Mayor Lewis, in replying, said that, while he had 
had no intention of saying anything, since he had been 
introduced, he would say a few words in regard to the day 
we celebrate, and the events to be commemorated — how 
the British invaded New Haven — how the Tory sympa- 
thizers had prepared a feast for the British, and how they 
were prevented, and driven out of the city and into their 
ships, without tasting a morsel. He spoke of his love for 
the New Haven Grays, and thought it especially fitting 
that the sons of those patriots who repelled the invaders 
from the good old City of Elms in 1779, should receive 
and entertain those who live under and within the shadow 
of that noble shaft, erected to commemorate the valiant 
deeds and patriotism of our fathers, who participated in the 
first great struggle for liberty on Bunker Hill, only three 
years before — especially fitting, too, when we remember 
that Putnam stood side by side with Prescott, and fought 
that his country might be free. Ex- Mayor Lewis closed 
with the hope that the Cadets' visit in the City of Elms 
would be full of pleasure ; and sat down amid the cheers of 
the Cadets. Corporal Hunt responded for the Cadets, and 
said that, while he was sorry that the Commander of the 
company was not present to fittingly reply to the eloquent 
remarks of Mayor Lewis, still, if he — a mere Corporal — 
were allowed to say anything, he would, in behalf of the 
Charlestown Cadets, thank the Mayor for the kind words 
he had spoken, and would say that the Cadets were well 
pleased with their visit to the City of Elms, and delighted 
with the reception they had received on all hands, and 
especially by the New Haven Grays, and knew of nothing 
more appropriate for him to say, than to propose the 
health of Mayor Lewis, and the New Haven Grays. " May 
they all live to a ripe old age." 



148 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

At a late hour of the night, the Cadets started for their 
Quarters, bidding the Grays a hearty good night, and with 
the hope that the friendship so well begun, might on some 
fitting occasion, be further cemented and made lasting. 

Roll of Co. A, Chablestown. 

Captain, J. E. Phipps. Priv'ts; Fernald, H. F. 

Lieuts. G. F. Clarridge. Folsom, G. E. 

W- B. Hawes. Hollis, W. F. 

Sergeants, C. F. Pierce. Locke, C. B. 

C. C. Wemyss. Millar, W. S. 

W. E. Faunce. Missroon, H. H. 

H. E. Bellew. Noyes, H. Q. 

G. S. Rich. Pierce, I. F. 

Corporals, W. C. Hunt. Eeed, H. 

H. W. Baldwin. Taylor, J. H. 

G. M. Hodgdon. Timson, L. E. 

Musicians, B. Moody. Underbill, C. B. 

Charles S. Goldthwaite. Whittemore, F. L. 

Priv'ts, Burbeck, E. Wolters, G. H. 

Benedict, E. S. Shedd, F. A. 

Bagley, M. W. Barber, W L. 

Coburn, 0. H. Cutter, F. E. 

Canterbury, C. T. Elliott, J. 

Chandler, W K. Fowle, C. H. 

Condell, P. H. Piper, G. H. 
Wemyss, A. J. 

Invited Guests: — Charles N. Perkins, James G. Hill, 
Frank T. Robinson (Regimental Historian), Lieut. John 
L. Curtiss, Charles R. Byram, (Editor Charlestown News). 

Co. R, Cambridge. 
This popular Company turned out with full ranks, and 
made a magnificent display of their ability to perform the 
duties of the soldier. The Company attracted considera- 
ble attention, not only on account of their manoeuvres, but 
from the fact that was well known, that their Commander 
had gained a considerable notoriety in boating contests, 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 149 

and it was presumable that such a man would make a 
fine officer, and would present an excellent Company, 
which met with no disappointment. The men composing 
the Company were fully aware of the notice taken of them, 
and never once were they out of place, whether on the 
march, or off duty, and if the honor of the Regiment de- 
pended on them, it might have safely rested there. The 
Company were quartered at the Union House, and were 
well satisfied with the manner in which they were treated, 
and were the recipients of many kind attentions from the 
members of the Second, as well as the citizens. They all 
enjoyed their trip exceedingly, and as one of their officers 
said, " if the Fifth Regiment ever make another visit, rest 
assured that our Company will be present with full ranks." 
Each member made the most of the Excursion, and ev- 
erything that indicated fun in it was "taken in." They 
managed to stow away enough sleep to keep them in good 
condition, and the memory of the Excursion will be last- 
ing. 

Roll of Co. B, Cambridge. 

Captain, William A. Bancroft. Priv'ts, Fischer, William F. 

1st Lieut., Thomas C. Henderson. Garrity, Thomas E. 

2d " John K. Perkins. Gibson, John 1. 

1st Sergt., K. L. B. Fox. Gray, Joshua P. 

George A. L. Snow. Jackson, Charles H. 

Charles H. Cutler. Jefferson, James 

Frank H. Miles. Muller, Edward W. 

N. J. Wadden. Mumler, Chester F. 

Corporals, E. W. Bettinson. Nevons, Leroy S. 

James A. Gilman. Pasco, Louis A. 

E. C. Whalen. Rees, Frank 

Musician, L. C. Gayetty. Scales, Frank 

Priv'ts, Bettinson, William Smiley, E. M. 

Cabot, Charles B. Smith, George W. 

Chandler, Charles F. Stacey, George W. 

Cutler, George H., jr. Sullivan, George A. 

Day, John E. Sutton, R. W. 

Ellis, Fred. H. Swett, Frank 

Fabery, Robert Wardwell, Walter C. 

Fellows, Frank I. Worcester, Henry E. 



150 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Company C. 

This Company were quartered at the Austin House, and 
it was their second appearance as a part of the Fifth Regi- 
ment, having been recently transformed from the First 
Regiment. They acquitted themselves much to their own 
honor as well as the Fifth's, and received considerable 
attention. Their marching was all that could be desired, 
and great credit is due, not only to the efficient officers, but 
to each individual member, for their promptness in obey- 
ing orders, and their gentlemanly deportment, the latter 
being noticeable, and occasioning favorable remarks. 

The following is an account of the manner in which the 
Company enjoyed themselves during their visit. 

On leaving Boston, and after devoting a few hours to 
enjoyment, the boys were very considerate, and showed 
good judgment in allowing the car to be darkened, in order 
to obtain proper sleep, which was so much needed, pre- 
paratory to the long inarch on the next day. 

There was no disorder during the night, and every man 
obeyed the orders of the officer of the day, regarding men 
remaining in the car during the trip. 

On dismissal of the Regiment at Headquarters in New 
Haven, the company marched to the Austin House, where 
they were to remain during their stay. They responded 
promptly to the breakfast call, and were unfortunate on 
being served with a very unsatisfactory meal ; boiled 
chickens in the shell {not of a recent birth), were substi- 
tuted on orders for fresh boiled eggs. This created much 
amusement, as well as disgust, and one of their number 
composed a few lines on the above incident, which caused 
much merriment in the evening. They were as follows : 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEEK MILITIA. 151 

There is an Austin House not far away 

Where they serve Western eggs three times a day; 

Oh ! How the Claflins yell 

When they hear the breakfast bell, 

Oh ! How those chickens smell, as in the shell thej 7 lay. 

C. has an Adjutant, who serves without pay; 

He orders men about at night, instead of day; 

He knows what he's about 

And from windows hangs a latcher out. 

Oh ! How that man did shout, take that away. 

The last verse was written in honor of a midnight bare- 
skin parade, through the Hotel corridors, one of the men 
being duly appointed Adjutant of the Command. He 
suspended from the window some furniture, much to the 
surprise of a periodical and ice cream vender, who discov- 
ered in the morning the aforesaid furniture (suspended 
by a sheet), ju'st over his store entrance, and demanded 
that it be removed at once. 

Company C, was on time at Headquarters, and partici- 
pated in the wait, preparatory to the long march, and the 
boys stood the latter in good shape, only one being obliged 
to succumb to the heat and fatigue. 

On arriving at their Hotel, after being dismissed, a 
change to fatigue uniform, and a general cleaning, pre- 
pared the boys for a good dinner, which — by the way — 
was a great improvement on the former meal. 

They enjoyed a short call in the afternoon, from Col- 
onel Trull and Quartermaster Williams, and also from the 
Colonel of the 2d Connecticut, who extended an invitation 
for the Company to visit the several Armories of his Com- 
mand, in the evening. Some twenty accepted the invita- 
tion, and visited three or four of the Armories, and were 
recognized as visitors by officers and men. 

A kind invitation to the armory of the 2d Company of 
New Haven Horse Guards by Lieutenant Farnum, was 



152 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



accepted, and although entire strangers to the gentleman 
and his associates, they were most hospitably received and 
entertained, and the men of the Claflin Guard will long 
remember the kind and friendly treatment experienced 
from the officers and men of this organization. 

Every member of the company was in the Hotel, and in 
good condition, at 9 o'clock, 4th of July night, and after 
several hour's singing, retired to their respective rooms. 
Every man behaved himself with the utmost decorum, and 
did not forget that he represented Massachusetts militia. 
Company C first suggested the subscription to the unfortu- 
nate soldier of Company G, and contributed cheerfully a 
goodly sum.* 

Nothing of importance transpired on the return, until 
their arrival at the Companies Armory in Newton, where 
some kind friends had anticipated their wants, and pre- 
pared a fine banquet, which the boys did full justice to. 

Interesting speakers were present, and the first excur- 
sion with the Fifth, since the company re-organized, ter- 
minated most joyfully to all. 



Rol£ of Co. C, Newton. 



Captain, J. A. Kenrick. 
1st Lieut., H. W Downes. 
1st Sergt., W E. Glover. 
M. N. Bray. 
G. B. Jones 
A. L. Kershaw. 
Corporals, H. J. Preston. 

F. G. L. Henderson. 
Musicians, W W Keith. 

Hazelton 
Priv'ts, Barnes, C. L. 
Barrows, F. A. 
Barton, F. C. 
Buckingham, W. W- 
Clark, G. F. 



Coffin, C. B. 
Conant, A. L. 
Cunningham, A. 
Cushman, W S. 
Cole, H. 
Doane, I. I. 
Davis, A. O. 
Fowle, H. S. 
Farwell, I. I. 
Gerould, C. L. 
Hill, C. A. 
Newell, A. G. 
Noyes, George 
Oldreive, R. A. 
Perkins, T. J. 



* See Company G. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 153 

ROLL OF CO. C, — C'OXTIXUED. 

Priv'ts, Porter, W. D. Priv'ts, Stearns, M. E. 

Priest, J. Stearns, H. S. 

Rowan, A. J. Warren, A. C. 

Rowan, J. H. Warren, H. M 

Rice, W. T. Warren, T. H. 

Wardroup, D. W. 

Co. D, Boston. 

In pursuance of regimental orders, the company reported 
on Boston Common on the evening of July 3d, 1879, at 
10 o'clock, mustering 43 men and 3 officers, when it 
assumed its position in line, and was soon en route to 
the cars, destined for Xew Haven. The company was 
attended by the following gentlemen as Staff: Past-Com- 
manders, Colonel Alfred N Proctor and Captain Albert E. 
Proctor ; Lieutenants W. H. Marsh and J. Warren Merritt, 
who, upon reaching the regiment, were consolidated with 
the Staff of the Regiment on the right of the line. 

The discipline of the company on the trip was excellent, 
and each member thoroughly enjoyed himself, and were 
well satisfied with both officers and men of the regiment to 
which they were newly attached. Capt. Snow performed 
his duties as officer of the day, on the return, in a soldierly 
manner, and gave " tone " to the whole occasion ; indeed, 
the regiment may be considered fortunate in possessing, at 
least one orator, whose knowledge of human nature, and 
his after-dinner speeches gave him an enviable name in 
New Haven. 

Roll of Co. D, Boston. 

Captain, Henry A. Snow. Samuel Porter. 

1st Lieut., George H. Lincoln. Elliott F. Soule. 

2d " Frank A. Boise. Corporals, Bernardin J. Murphy. 
1st Sergt., William H. Snow. Leonard F. Johnson. 

William A. Mason. Edwin M. Buxton. 

Thomas S. Ireland. Arthur W. Kimball. 



154 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Eoi.i, of Co. 
Musicians, Robert N. Cutler. 
Walter T. Nowell. 
Priv'ts, Adams, Fred. H. 

Bell, Robert R. B. 

Buttrick, Frederic A. 

Bagley, Harry 

Boyd, George W. 

Conway, William E. 

Combs, Edward E. 

Combs, Fred. W. 

Coron, Louis J. 

Cox, Charles II. 

Chick, Albert B. 

Daly, John M. 

Dallow, William 

French, Charles R. 

Frost, John H. 

Fitzer, Frederick 

Greene, Henry E. 

Galvien, John V 

Hoffner, Charles 

Hobart, Frank W 

Hall, Harry W 

Harper, Samuel C. 

Haak, Charles F. 



D, — Continued. 
Pi iv'ts, Hunter, Frederick S. 
Harden, Cushman E- 
Jones, Frank B. 
Kuhlman, Edward H. 
Lebbink, Charles F. 
Lebbink, Henry 
Lemon, Henry 3d. 
Mason, William F. 
Murphy, Michael J. 
Newmarch, Alfred 
Nutting, Andrew F. 
O'Brien, Thomas C, 
O'Brien, Francis 
Poole, Larkin W 
Poole, Thomas D. 
Pratt, James J. 
Paulding, Albert R. 
Sinnett, Christopher 
Stone, Arthur L. 
Walsh, Albert L. 
Williams, Charles M. 
Wright, Thomas J. 
Wilkins, Walter H. 
Washburn, Edward P. 
Vialle, Charles A. 



Co. E, Medford. 
On July 3d, 1879, the company assembled in their 
Armory in heavy marching order, to join the rest of the 
Regiment on Boston Common, to go on a long-talked-of 
trip to New Haven, Conn. They left Medford at 8 : 80, 
P. M., carrying 39 guns, and two Commissioned officers. 
Marched through Sudbury, Tremont Row, and Tremont 
Streets, across the Common to the parade ground, where 
they reported to Col. Trull, Commanding Officer. After all 
the companies had arrived, line was formed, and marched 
to Boston and Providence depot, where a special train of 
twelve cars was in readiness, each Company having an 
entire car. The boys soon got seated, and made them- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 155 

selves comfortable for the night. Left Boston at 11 P M., 
and passed through Providence at 1 A. M. Soon after, 
the corps reached Groton, Conn., where they enjoyed the 
pleasure of an ocean voyage across the Thames River, by 
ferry-boat. 

Reached New Haven at 6 A. M., July 4th, and were met 
by the officers of the 2d Connecticut National Guard, and 
escorted hj them to regimental headquarters, Tontine 
Hotel, where the company were dismissed to their quar- 
ters. Companies G and E were quartered in Germania 
Hall, dining at Florence House. After a slim breakfast, 
they prepared for the parade, white pants and gloves. 
Reported at headquarters at 9 A. M., and procession started 
at 11 A. M. As they passed to their place in line, they 
were received with a salute from the 2d Regiment, C. N. 
G., and were then escorted by them to their position. The 
route of march was about five miles in length. A drum- 
corps, just behind them, greatly added to their fatigue, 
by incessantly drumming, and invariably coming in on the 
wrong step, thereby confusing them, and caused no small 
amount of grumbling from all in hearing. 

At the close of the march, the regiment gave His Ex- 
cellency, the Governor of Connecticut, the Mayor of New 
Haven, and other dignitaries, a marching salute, then 
marched on to the Common in front of Yale College 
buildings, where they had a short rest, preparatory to the 
dress parade. 

The Company were dismissed for dinner, and after that 
had all the time to themselves till 7 A. M. Capt. Whitney, 
Company E, had the misfortune to be officer of the day from 
8 p. M., Friday, till 6 A.M., Saturday. The men were very 
hospitably entertained at the different armories, especially 
at the Armory of Company E, C. N. G. They amused 
themselves during the evening in various ways, all hands 
being bent on making the most of their short stay. 



156 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



At 6 A. M., July 5th, Captain Whitney, officer of the 
day, assembled the drum-corps, and beat the Reveille at 
the Florence House. Left New Haven at 9 a. m., and 
reached Boston at 3 : 80, p. M., marched to the parade 
ground on the Common. Gave a short dress parade on the 
Common, and were dismissed in time to take the 5 : 25, P. 
M., train for Medford. Although feeling pretty tired and 
hungry, yet all agreed that they had had a splendid time, 
and one which they would remember with a great deal of 
pleasure. 

The following is a complete roster of Company E, Fifth 
Regiment, M. V M., August 1st, 1879: 



Roll of Co E. 



Captain, Jophanus H Whitney. * 
1st Lieut., Charles R. Dawson. 
2d " George R. Chase. 
1st Sergt., George C. Chase. 
A. J. McKenney. 
Frank Porter. 
James R. Roddrick. 
William G. Ewell. 
Corporals, Charles H. Cushing. 
Hugh Doherty. 
William C. Russell. 
Musicians, George A. Carter. 
Thomas F. Gould. 
Priv'ts, Anderson, Walter 
Abbott, Henry J. 
Bacon, Charles E. 
Berry, Thomas 
Barnum, Frank B. 
Bresnehan, Jerre M. 
Bresnehan, John J. 
Carlton, George E. 
Chadbourne, Charles W- 
Cincere, Natt E. 
Chambers, Walter 
Clark, Adam G. 
Cookson, John S. 
Coughlin, Owen* 



Coughlin, John 
Crockwell, John J. 
Diehl, Henry A. 
Drury, Thomas J. 
Donahue, Daniel 
Duran, Joseph 
Dwyer, John J. 
Dwyer, John F. 
Enwright, Daniel B. 
Fitzgerald, Charles F. 
Gaffy, John A. 
Grady, James M. 
Holmes, Edward P. 
James, Henry M. 
Law, Moses 
Lennox, Edward C. 
Lennox, William H. 
Liddell, James J. 
Martin, Joseph A. 
Martin, T. Frank 
Mitchel, Thomas 
Morse, Harvey B. 
Newhall, Eugene H. 
Rockwell, J. W. 
Sweeney, John J. 
Sweeney, Miles C. 
Thieler, John B. 



* Served three years in this Company during the War. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



157 



Co. F Waltham. 

This Company did great credit to themselves, and won 
not a little praise for their prompt attention to orders, 
and their excellent marching. The Company is com- 
posed of as fine a looking set of soldiers, as any other 
company in the regiment. As might be exp-ected from 
their appearance in line, not one fell from the ranks, 
although the heat was intense. They were quartered 
at the City Hotel, and the many incidents that oc- 
curred there would make an interesting story- Every 
man understood that he was, in a measure, responsible for 
the good name of the Fifth, and as a result, the company 
acquitted themselves nobly. Like the other companies, 
they had their funny men, and were wide-awake to any 
sport going on, and if there was an opportunity to make 
a joke, they were not slow in taking advantage of the 
same. Many of them made friends with the Second Con- 
necticut boys, and were shown the interesting features of 
the City. 

There was no grumbling about their food, or the manner 
in which they were treated, and from the beginning to 
the end of the excursion, every man thoroughly enjoyed 
himself. 

Roll of Co. F 



Captain, 
1st Lieut 
2d 

1st Sergt. 



Chas. H. D. Stockbridge. Priv'cs, Avery, Charles 



Vacant. 

Vacant. 

James H. Fisher. 

Henry P. Ballard. 

Charles O. Morrell. 

Eben W- Mosher. 

William H. Stearns, jr. 
Corporals, John T. Pownall. 

Calvin C. Nauss. 

Fred. E. Diaper. 
Musicians, Louis V Forster. 

Frank R. Tower. 
Priv'ts, Aldred, Lewis E. 



Ballard, George F. 
Barton, Charles A. 
Boland, John H. 
Burke, Patrick J. 
Clay, Fred C. 
Davis, Daniel A. 
Davis, George A. 
Donlan, Thomas E. 
Flint, Robert F. 
Furbush, George W- 
Griffiths, John 
Gunther, Fred. 
Hutmacher, Custian 



158 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Roll of Co. F, — Continued. 

Priv'ts, Lawrence, George II. Priv'ts, Reynolds, George H. 

Morrissey, John Sewall, Benjamin B. 

Mosher, Thomas H. Symmes, Caleb C. 

Nichols, Henry F. Seevey, John E. 

Patten, Benjamin F. Taylor, George W- 

Randall, Joseph Wisewell, Lowell M. 

CO. G, WOBUEN. 

Company G, left Woburn on the 9 : 15, P. M., train on 
the 3d of July, with 36 men, 3 officers, and some invited 
guests, as follows: Col. W. T. Grammer, Capt. John P 
Crane, Capt. Lake R. Tidd, Capt. E. F Wyer, Lieut. M. 
S. Seeley, Thomas H. Hill, Esq., and Dr. George P Bart- 
lett. 

The company joined the regiment on Boston Common 
at about 10 : 15, P. M., and was the last to report, on ac- 
count of the train accommodations. The trip on was one 
vastly enjoyed by the boys, and caused one of the Captains 
to remark, when on entering the car occupied by this 
company, and being greeted with an overture of whistles 
and trumpets, " that the ends of the train were very much 
alike, everybody wide-awake, while the ' middle men ' 
were asleep." Arrived in New Haven, and after being 
dismissed, the company went to their sleeping apart- 
ments (?) which they occupied jointly with Company 
E, in Germania Hall building. Their meals were taken 
at the Florence House. The company took part in the 
celebration, and did their level best, (in spite of a drum- 
corps in their rear, who could not keep step with their 
own drumming), to keep up the reputation of the old 
Fifth. There was a drum-corps, however, under charge 
of a colored Drum-Major, to whom the boys were 
greatly indebted on account of their excellent cadence. 
Nothing of importance occurred at the quarters except 
the fun made by Lennox of Company E, and Pickering of 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 159 

Company G ; these two high privates kept up a rattling 
fire of sport from the time the company left home, until 
their return. 

On the train homeward-bound, the boys displayed 
numerous flags, given them (?) by the patriotic New 
Haveners, from the windows of the car, which gave them 
the appearance of being decorated for the occasion. 

One of the men of this company, Private J. H. Dean, 
received a telegram from home, stating that his house had 
been destroyed by fire on the night of the 4th, and when 
the train reached New London, the Newton Company (C,) 
presented him with a sum of mone}', 630.00, raised among 
themselves. The example so generously set by this com- 
pany, all strangers to him, was followed by every other 
command in the regiment. 

Arriving at their armory in Woburn, at about 6 : 30 P. M., 
on the 5th, the company was addressed by Captains Tidd 
and Crane, Lieutenant M. S. Seeley, and Mr. Hill, the 
officers of the Company, and Private Pickering ; the com- 
pany was then dismissed. 

Thus closed the best time the company has enjoyed for 
many a year, and every member was satisfied with his 
trip, insomuch that they commenced asking one another 
before they left the armory, " can't we go somewhere next 
year ? " 

Roll op Co. G, Woburn. 

Captain, John W. Ellard. Musicians, Fred. A. Bryant. 
1st Lieut., Charles W- Converse. William R. Emery. 

" Lyman P. Pell. Priv'ts, Brower, William H. 

1st Sergt., George M. Buckanan. Converse, George W 

George A. Simmonds. Clark, Charles E. 

Corporals, Joseph T. Davis. Carter, Henry W 

Charles E. Halliday. Gushing, Frank H. 

Joseph M. Hall. Collins, John W. 

Charles Philbrook. Collins, Elmer S. 



100 * HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Roll of Co. G, — Continued. 

Priv'ts, Davis, Andrew J. Priv'ts, Newcomb, Frank 

Davis, -Reuben S. Nichols, Charles E. 

Dean, Joshua H. Pickering, George E. 

Gleason, George O. Pierce, Roscoe P. 

Leathe, Edward W- Pierce, Elbridge W. 

Lincoln, Charles H. Smith, W A. 

Maddison, Mark R. Stewart, David C. 

Xason, Amasa W Stowers, Edward E. 

Nason, John F. Tabbutt, Frank L. 

Xewcomb, William R. Warland, P. M. 

West, Edward D. 

Co. H, Charlestown. 

The Color Sergeants, with the colors, reported at the 
armory, at 8 : io. The company left the armory at 9 : 15, 
amidst the hearty applause of a large number of spectators 
who had assembled on Winthrop Street to wish the com- 
pany a pleasant journey, and to urge upon them the neces- 
sity of upholding the honor of the District of Charlestown. 
On passing through the square, the company received 
hearty applause from the armory of the " Jackson Guard," 
Company G, 9th Regiment, M. V M. On arrival of the 
company at the Common, Capt. Brown reported to Col. 
Trull, as officer of the day, and was ordered to the Provi- 
dence Depot, to superintend the embarkation of the regi- 
ment. The company was left under the command of 
Lieutenant Martin. On the trip down, the men were sup- 
plied with sandwiches, which were relished by them in 
a way that showed that they would make good soldiers 
for service, in respect to rations. 

The company was enlivened on their trip down by the 
singing of the Glee Club, and the actions of the " twins," 
whose funny sayings kept every one awake. If any poor 
mortal happened to doze off, he was immediately awak- 
ened, and told that he was doing just the right thing, that 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 161 

was, to get all the sleep he could. When about a mile 
from New Haven, a small lad stood on a stump, with his 
hand over his head, giving cheers for the regiment ; but 
before the boys could return them, a large rooster ap- 
peared in view, mounted on a fence, and crowed lustily, 
which had the effect to draw the cheers from the boys, 
and a peal of laughter. 

On arriving at the Nesbit House, the company had 
trouble with their breakfast, which threatened to end in a 
mutual dislike, but by a little patience on the part of the 
company, they got enough to eat, and on their leaving 
Saturday morning, they gave the landlord three cheers for 
the splendid way in which they were served. He responded 
with a cigar for every man. So ended the Hotel business. 

After the parade and dinner in New Haven, the officers 
of the company were taken in charge by Capt. Camp, and 
Lieuts. Bacon and Nourse of Company H, 2d Connecti- 
cut, and taken to ride to view the city, and partake of a 
supper. The men were entertained by the members of 
Meriden Company H, of the 2d, to lunch, and other favors. 
The men were very quiet at the Hotel after 12 o'clock, 
and got all the sleep they wanted. 

On the trip home, the men were furnished with sand- 
wiches on the train, and were kept awake by the lively 
actions of the " twins," and fire-crackers, which were 
kept going till they reached Boston. 

At New London, the officer of the day told the " twins " 
to get aboard the train, so they went and got a plank, and 
carried it to him, and said that they could get no board, 
and wanted to S(k)now " if that would do." 

The company were second in line, and it may be safely 
said that they never did better in marching, and received 
the applause of the multitude who witnessed their perfect 
companj^ fronts. 



162 



HISTOP.Y OF THE FIFTH KEG1MENT 



Roll of Co. H. 



Captain, J. Henry Brown. 


Hoyt, C. H. 


1st Lieut., J. H. Martin. 


Home, Frank M. 


2d " Joseph E. Clark. 


Johnson, Everett W 


1st Sergt., T. W Barbour. 


Johnquest, E. F. 


T. G. Pitman. 


Lockwood, William F. 


K. A. Bhind. 


McGrath, William G. 


G. F. Stratton. 


Martin, Ira F. 


J. H. Winsly. 


Meagher, John 


Corporals, J. J. Connelly. 


Miers, E. P. 


E. Neagle. 


Mitchell, B, J. 


Frank Smith. 


Norton, G. A., jr. 


Charles Hoyt. 


Porter, I. H. 


Priv'ts, Adams, Charles N. 


Sargent, E. A. 


Benan, B. 


Spear, Frank P. 


Calburt, Frank 


Stearns, Frank F. 


Cleary, John L. 


Swift, FrankfA. 


Cone, Edgar H. 


Savoy, John A. 


Dow, George F. 


Shackford, Charles E. 


Edmands, F. A. 


Smith, E. H. 


Edwards, Ambrose A. 


Thompson, S. D. 


Ferrier, Charles H. 


Tyler, John 


Hamilton, W- L. 


Wilkins, William A. 


Hilton, Frank B. 


White, B. R. 



Messrs. Charles H. Brown and Joseph H. Gleason, ac- 
companied the Guards as Invited Guests. 

The Banquet. 
This was the event of the excursion to the visiting offi- 
cers. The officers of the 5th, and guests, including in the 
latter, Major M. E. Webb, Surgeon of A. H. A., were in- 
vited to a grand banquet, given in their honor by the 
officers of the Second C. N. G., which occurred at the 
Forbes House (Morris Cove), New Haven. The company, 
numbering about 100, assembled at the Tontine House, at 



Note : — The member of the City Guard, who lost his hat from the 
cars, while returning from New Haven July 5th, recovered it two weeks 
after, it being forwarded to him by express from the station where it 
was picked up. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



163 



about 8 o'clock, p. m., and under the direction of Lt.-Col. 
J N Bacon, embarked on several barges, and proceeded 
to the Cove. The weather was cold and chilly, and every- 
body was more or less tired, but after a pleasant drive, 
and a little " shaking up," they arrived at the Hotel. 
After an " introduction " to the "proprietor," the entire 
company seated themselves at the sumptuously spread 
tables, and without a word of ceremony, each one helped 
himself to the various viands. Following is the menu : 



Banquet, Friday Evening, July 4th, 1879. 



Soup. 
Oyster. 

Fish. 

Boiled Salmon, Baked Blue Fish. 

Roast. 

Lamb, Mint Sauce, 
Ribs of Beef, Veal. 

Boiled. 

Ham, Tongue, 

Corned Beef and Cabbage. 

Mayonnaise. 

Lettuce, Fresh Tomatoes. 

Entrees. 

Soft-Shell Crabs, Fried Oysters, 
Little Neck Clams, 

Stewed Lobsters. 



Vegetables. 
Rice, boiled, Green Peas. 

Mashed Potatoes, 

Stewed Tomatoes. 
New Beets, Bermuda Onions. 

Pudding and Pastey. 

Farina Pudding, Wine Sauce. 

Apple Pie. Peach Pie. 

Dessert. 

Chocolate Ice Cream, 
Fruit, Figs, Nuts, 



Chocolate. 



Tea, 



Coffee. 



The Speeches. 
After the inner man had been satisfied, Colonel Gra- 
ham of the 2d Connecticut Regiment arose and introduced 
General Stephen R. Smith, as toast-master of the occa- 
sion, which announcement was received with quite an 
ovation. General Smith, in the most felicitous manner, 
accepted the position, and called upon Hon. N. D. Sperry 
for a few remarks. He complimented the troops from 



164 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Massachusetts, and thought the 2d Connecticut ought to 
have availed themselves of one thing, when they had the 
power, and that was to eclipse the 5th Massachusetts Reg- 
iment in military manoeuvres, but they had signally failed, 
he was sorry to say 

General Smith then brought Surgeon-General H. S. 
Fuller to his feet, to respond for the Governor. He com- 
menced his remarks by saying, that the Governor was un- 
able to be present, although he had expressed a desire to 
be with the officers of the two Regiments The visit of 
the 5th Massachusetts has been an honor to New Haven, 
and to the State. The day here has been more exten- 
sively celebrated than any ever held in your cherished 
city. When I looked over the military pageant to-day, I 
thought to myself that the country need have no fear 
while it had throughout the length and breadth of this 
land, such a militia ; they could always be looked to for 
defence. Our militia were first to the front in the late 
war, and I am proud of the great record of Massachusetts 
troops. I was educated in Massachusetts, and always 
felt a brotherly feeling for the sons of that State. The 
General paid a high compliment to the officers of the 5th 
Massachusetts, and amid great applause took his seat. 

General Smith then introduced Colonel Charles T. 
Morse, who said in substance : " We welcome you of Mas- 
sachusetts most heartily. We feel you have done us an 
honor on this, the celebration of the evacuation of the 
city, one hundred years ago, by the British. The plaudits 
of the people along the route of procession has convinced 
you, doubtless, of the kindly feeling toward you of the 
people. Gentlemen of the 5th Massachusetts, we owe to 
you a thousand times more than we can repay, and heart- 
ily thank you for your presence here to-day." (Applause). 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 165 

General Smith then introduced "our honored Mayor, 
Hon. Hobart D. Bigelow," who said, " I am pleased to meet 
you officers of the 5th Massachusetts. To-day, we cel- 
b rated our Centennial, and with the 5th Massachusetts, we 
have had a grand military display. I am glad that the 5th 
postponed their visit, so that we might have them to-day - 
Gentlemen, we are proud of the 2d Connecticut, perhaps 
too much so; they must look to their laurels. I am not 
a military man, but I could distinguish a marked differ- 
ence in your marching, compared with the 2d. Your Col- 
onel is to be complimented for his perseverence in bring- 
ing the Regiment to such a state of perfection." (Cheers 
and applause). 

General Smith next called upon the 2d Connecticut 
Regiment's gallant Colonel, Charles P Graham, who said : 
" I un with the rest of the gentlemen, who have spoken. 
I am thankful that the 5th Regiment, M. V M., has been 
here to-day. They have showed us what kind of soldiers 
they have in Massachusetts ; they have shown us, that we 
must work hard to approximate their thoroughness in dis- 
cipline. The Fifth have acquitted themselves grandly- I 
firmly acknowledge the 5th to be the best in marching, 
as our officers have also said. Massachusetts and Connec- 
ticut stood side by side in the Revolution, and the late 
war. The 6th Massachusetts, when they went through 
Baltimore, showed the valor and metal of Massachusetts 
men. I am happy to have been vanquished, since it hap- 
pened to be, by a Massachusetts Regiment. Gentlemen, 
I hope you will all come again." (Applause). 

General Smith arose and said : " We have not forgotten 
the smiling face of that gentleman and soldier, who did so 
much for us, during our visit to Charlestown last year ; I 
refer to Colonel Ezra J. Trull of the 5th Massachusetts 



166 HISTOBY OF THE FIFTH BEGIMENT 

Regiment, and I propose three cheers for him." It is 
needless to say they were given with a hearty will. 

Col. Trull arose and said : " I am greatly obliged, officers 
and gentlemen of the 2d Connecticut, for your kindness. 
You have done everything that could be done to enter- 
tain us. You have made our visit the memorable event 
of the Regiment's history. My officers know of my ina- 
bility to express myself in public, except when command- 
ing my Regiment. I am happy to be here, and I thank 
you all a thousand times, for your splendid hospitality 
showered upon my Command, since our arrival." 

Colonel William T. Grannner was next introduced, and 
addressed the company, as follows : 

" Mr. Commander and gentlemen ; I found myself in a 
new vocation to-day. I stood as a sidewalk committee, 
to watch the grand military pageant, instead of being apart 
of it, as I usually am. The success of the celebration must 
be gratifying to you all. We of Massachusetts know what 
Centennial means, and we have had our grand military re- 
view, and there in Charlestown, marched side by side the 
militaiy from many States. It is no new thing to see the 
Massachusetts troops march side by side with those of 
Connecticut. If I remember right, the Fifth was in the 
same Brigade with the 10th Connecticut, in 1862, and my 
memory of its officers are most pleasant. I have been in 
the militia for over thirty years, and look back to the time 
when they were ridiculed, but the time came when they 
stepped forward, and saved this great nation. 

" How different the militia of to-day ; now we have 
men trained and ready for action, and as I witnessed the 
display, that marched to martial music, I thought to my- 
self, this is well, and I hope we should not need their help 
in any future trouble, but if we should, they are certainly 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 167 

ready I appreciate your welcome most heartily, and 
shall never forget the hospitality of the citizens and mili- 
tary of New Haven." 

Captain George M. Harmon, Chief Marshal of the proces- 
sion, said, " That he was glad to meet Massachusetts men 
anywhere, and his associations with them to-day, were of 
the most pleasant kind." General Smith called upon 
Captain Snow of the 5th, to make an address, and the ge- 
nial Captain replied in a most humorous vein, fairly con- 
vulsing his hearers, with his peculiar logic. He said, " I 
am happy to be here to-night, and to have enjoyed your 
hospitality, and this occasion reminds me of a story of my 
youth : You all recollect the immortal Daniel Webster. 
Well, he and I lived as neighbors when boys, and it often 
used to occur, that we would make molasses candy to- 
gether ; so we made it at my house one night, and as he 
poured the molasses into the kettle, I poured in the pea- 
nuts. Well, after the molasses began to boil, Webster, 
who was stirring the stuff, suddenly stopped, raised a 
spoonful of the hot candy in the air, and as it ran stream- 
ing down his bare arm, he turned and said, ' Snow ! ' Says 
I, ' What is it, Webster? ' Says he again, ' Snow, this is a 
great and glorious country, and we're having a thundering 
good time to-night.' Those memorable words are appli- 
cable to this important gathering, and we can truly say 
that we are having a thundering good time to-night." 

Captain W A. Bancroft of the Cambridge Company, 
when introduced as the stroke of the victorious Harvard 
Crew, responded as follows : 

" I hardly expected this ; we have experienced the ful- 
ness of your hospitality to-day, and not without profit to 
us. I shall remember the day as a happy anniversary, 
and hope that you may give us an opportunity to recipro- 
cate your kindness." 



168 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Captain Wyer of the 5th, ably responded to the call of 
General Smith, and Frank T Robinson, an ex-member 
of the Charlestown Cadets, responded for the press. 

The following are the names of the able Committee of 
Arrangement: — Lieut. -Col. J.M.Bacon; Major Carl G. 
Engel ; Captain H. D. Phillips ; Captain H. R. Loomis ; 
Captain M. F. Brenan ; Captain C. E. Round; Lieuten- 
ant Henry Phillips. 

After the banquet, the entire company left the hotel, 
and strolled about the pleasant grounds, enjoying the cool 
atmosphere of the early morning, and the grand scenery 
of the Bay, which could be distinctly seen, for the moon 
was at its full, and had come to view from behind the 
misty clouds, which had hid it from sight all the night. It 
was nearly three o'clock before the barges were ready, and 
at that hour the party embarked for the City. Arriving 
at the hotels, the visitors found them very quiet, and were 
greeted only by the glimmering gas-jets in the corridors, 
the tired soldiers having sought their beds, for rest. 

Departure from New Haven. 

At six o'clock, on the morning of the 5th of July, the 
boys were astir, and at 8 : 30, were in line on the Green. 

A dress parade occurred, which was witnessed by thous- 
ands of spectators, who frequently applauded the various 
evolutions. The New Haven Union, in speaking of this 
feature of the visit of the Fifth, says : — 

" The thousand spectators who saw the dress parade of 
the Fifth Regiment of Massachusetts on the Green, this 
morning, before the} r marched to the depot to take the 
train for home, re-affirmed the oft-repeated opinion heard 
yesterday, that it was -a fine regiment." Considering all 
the men went through yesterday and last night, they 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 1G9 

looked wonderfully fresh this morning, and carried them- 
selves without any appearance of the fatigue they must 
have felt. 

"■ Ex-Major Jordan, acting as Adjutant, formed the line 
and turned it over to Col. Trull". The eight companies 
presented a very pretty appearance as they stood stretched 
out in one long line from the oand stand, northerly, nearly 
to the Elm street railing. When the band started off, and 
marched the length of the line and back, the applause 
began, and the spectators found frequent occasion to re- 
peat it during the fifteen or twenty minutes the dress 
parade was in progress. The Adjutant spoke rather 
quick, and was in bad voice, but after Col. Trull began to 
give his orders, the men gave wonderfully prompt response, 
and a most gratifying exhibition of proficiency. The man- 
ual, especially the ' present," ' right shoulder,' and ' sup- 
port ' was gone through with in excellent time, and when 
the commissioned officers marched to the front, and pro- 
ceeded to where the Colonel stood, there was a round of 
applause from the spectators, at the fine line the officers 
showed. During the whole ceremony, the men in the 
ranks stood firm and steady, and carried themselves like 
veterans. Among the spectators who enjoyed the really 
fine exhibition, were Gen. Smith and Lieut.-Col. Morgan 
of his staff, and the following Second Regiment officers : 
Col. Graham, Lieut.-Col. Bacon, Adjutant Thompson, 
Captains Philips, Spencer, and Mix, and Lieutenants 
Bacon and La-Barnes. 

" After the parade, the regiment, preceded by the band 
playing the Second Regiment March, filed through the 
Temple street entrance, and paraded down Chapel street, 
through State, and to the depot to take a special train for 
Boston. The regiment marched company front along 



170 HISTORY OF THE FTFTH REGIMENT 

Chapel street, and marched well. The applause from the 
sidewalks was frequent, and the visitors departed with 
this last token of appreciation lingering in their ears, offi- 
cers and men alike declaring that their New Haven visit 
had been one of great enjoyment, whose memory would 
Long be held in kindly remembrance." 

Homeward Bound. 

The return of the Fifth from the hospitable City of 
Elms was marked by several incidents which will be found 
under the head of incidentals. When the cars left New 
Haven, many of the Second Regiment men were present, 
and exchanged a "good bye, 1 ' and "come again" with 
their many friends of the Fifth. The boys made them- 
selves comfortable in the cars, and many of them could be 
seen, as one jostled through the train, stretched out, sound 
asleep ; the majority of the regiment were, however, wide- 
awake, and were enjoying themselves in various ways, and 
seemed to desire the ball to be kept rolling, rather- than 
lose a bit of fun by nodding. One of the boys said to the 
writer, when asked if he was not tired enough to go to 
sleep, "I can get enough sleep in Boston, but such times 
as I have had are rare, so 1 am taking in everything." 

This seemed to express the sentiment of every one 
throughout the entire trip, and as there was no member 
of the regiment seen in any other condition than that of 
a true soldier and gentleman, it will be understood that 
each man felt it his duty to honor himself, his company, 
and his State. 

The train reached the Providence depot shortly before 
4 o'clock, and the regiment marched through Eliot, Wash- 
ington, School and Beacon streets to the Common. The 
command marched in column of companies, the police 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MTLITTA. 171 

having', in compliance with the law giving the militia the 
right of way, cleared the streets of all vehicles. The men 
appeared none the worse for their two day's jaunt, and 
all of the companies maintained excellent alignments, and 
the men were very steady. The parade ground had been 
roped off for the Military, and the vast throng assembled 
to witness the evolutions of the Regiment, lined the edges 
of the park, and frequently gave vent to their admiration 
of the movements of the troops. Major Jordan officiated 
as Adjutant. Colonel Trull dismissed the regiment im 
mediately after the parade, and the colors were escorted 
to the headquarters in Charlestown District, by the 
Charlest<5wn companies, accompanied by the band. The 
Cadets and City Guard then proceeded to their armories 
and were dismissed. 

Thus terminated one of the most successful excursions 
ever given by a regiment from this State, and it is no vain 
boast to say that the regiment reflected as much honor on 
the old Commonwealth as any other organization that could 
have been selected. 

Much praise is due to Colonel Ezra J Trull, for the ex- 
ample that he set his men in the role of a true soldier. He 
maintained the dignity his position demanded, and was at 
the same time familiar with his command, and, as a natural 
result, was very much respected and obeyed. All of the 
staff officers of the regiment are of a gentlemanly stamp, 
and were popular with the boys during the excursion. 

Incidentals. 

Company H, the Charlestown City Guards, Capt. J. H. 
Brown, turned out the largest company, 43 men and 3 
officers. 



172 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

The New Haven newspaper men paid every attention 
to their Boston brethern, and kept a collation spread for 
them all clay in the ante-room of the Aldermen's room, at 
the City Hall. 

Adjt. Stevenson was unlucky enough to get the fore- 
finger of his left hand caught in a car door Thursday night, 
and on the trip his duties were most efficiently performed 
by Major H. W Jordan. 

Room 67, at the Tremont House, the headquarters of 
the Cadets, was assigned to the use of the invited guests 
of the company. Charles and James did the handsome 
thing, not once, but several times "Oh, where are they," 
was asked several times during the evening at the banquet. 

Surgeon Edward J Forster was unable to accompany 
the regiment, owing to sickness in his family. 

The City Guard Glee Club, composed of Messrs. Cone, 
Calburt, Clary, Miers and Martin furnished some excellent 
singing while the regiment was en route to New Haven, 
Thursday evening. 

Two pleasant episodes connected with the trip are 
worthy of mention. The first occurred Friday afternoon, 
when, in behalf of the officers, Captain J. E. Phipps pre- 
sented the paymaster with an elegant gold badge, composed 
of a pin, bearing the word " Paymaster" and the bars of a 
first lieutenant, from which depended the Fifth Regiment 
badge, or seal, and a tiger's head, the latter having refer- 
ence to Lieut. Fairbanks's former connection with the 
"Tigers." The second incident took place on the train 
Saturday, the men putting their hands in their pockets 
and presenting a purse of some $200 to a member of com- 
pany G, of Woburn, Horace Dean, who received a telegram 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 17o 

Friday night that his house and furniture had been des- 
troyed by fire. 

On the route from New Haven a member of company 
B was very severely injured by falling across the side or 
back of a seat. He was almost completely paralyzed for 
some time, and Dr. M. E. Webb, who accompanied the 
regiment as acting surgeon, thought the man's spine must 
have been injured. He rallied, however, before reaching 
Boston, and was thought to be out of danger, but in the 
evening there was a rumor that the injured man had died. 
The rumor lacked confirmation, and at this present writ- 
ing, is convalescent. 

Sergt. R. F McKee of company G, Woburn, folded the 
overcoats for the whole regiment, thereby securing uni- 
formity as well as neatness. 

The Press Comments. 

Of course there was a great desire on the part of the 
regiment and friends of the Fifth to obtain the papers in 
which reports of the trip were chronicled. Many were 
unable to do so, and for that reason we append extracts 
from those papers which directly refer to the excursion. 

As will be seen, they speak volumes for the brilliant 
record achieved by the glorious Fifth, and more than 
attest what has been previously said in its praise in this 
history, spreading the fame of the Fifth from east to west, 
or wherever the press is read. 

Boston Herald, July 5th, 1 879. 
In referring to the parade in New Haven, the Herald 
said : The column was a very long one, and the march 
was also long, and very fatiguing. The companies of the 



174 H1STOKV OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT. 

Fifth all did well, and there were many warm encomiums 
on their personal appearance and marching, all along the 
route. Near the close of the route, the Mayor took a posi- 
tion in front of the City Hall, and the Second paid him a 
marching salute. Immediately after passing, Gen. Smith; 
commanding the escort, wheeled out with his staff and 
took position on the right of the Mayor. Colonels Kings- 
bury, Parker and Fiske of Gov. Talbot's staff, accompanied 
Gen. Smith, having the post of honor. The officers of the 
Fifth, and, in fact, nearly all the other military bodies, 
seeing the mounted officers, supposed they were the ones 
to be saluted, and passed by the Mayor, utterly ignoring 
him. In the march by, the Fifth far surpassed the other 
organizations in the steadiness of the men, and in correct- 
ness in saluting, nearly all the Second officers neglecting 
to look toward the reviewing officer. Both the Second 
and Fifth kept good alignments during the passage, and 
the former kept ranks better closed. 

Same Paper, July 6th, 1879. 
Entering the parade ground, on Boston Common, on the 
return of the regiment, a good sized space was found roped 
off, and entirely cleared of people ; an immense crowd was 
present, and the dress parade was given in excellent shape, 
Major Jordan officiating as Adjutant. Col. Trull expressed 
to the officers, and through them to the men, his thanks 
for the excellent conduct of the regiment, both as regards 
discipline and drill. The companies were dismissed im- 
mediately after di'ess parade, and they lost no time in 
getting home. The officers and men are to be congratu- 
lated upon the appearance of the regiment, and, judging 
from the comments of the people in New Haven, every- 
body there was delighted with the command. The cor- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 175 

dial reception and entertainment by the Second Regiment 
was all that could be desired, and the men naturally feel 
pretty well satisfied with their trip. The Paymaster, 
Lieut. Charles A. Fairbanks, felt particularly pleased Sat- 
urday, as every bill had been paid in full. 

Banquet to Officers. 

New Haven Evening Register, July 5th, 1879. 
The complimentary banquet given by the officers of the 
Second Regiment, to the officers of the Fifth Massachu- 
setts, was eaten at the Forbes House, East Haven, last 
evening. The party of about 100 sat down about ten 
o'clock. There were present, Postmaster S perry- Mayor 
Bigelow, Chief Marshal Harmon, Surgeon-General Fuller, 
Colonel Morse, General Smith and four or five of his staff, 
Colonel Graham, Lieutenant-Colonel Bacon and others of 
the Colonel's staff, and the officers of the Fifth Massachu- 
setts. Gen. Smith acted as toast-master. He called upou 
Postmaster Sperry, as a representative of the genei'al gov- 
ernment, and he responded in a pleasant vein. Gen. Ful- 
ler and Col. Morse, of the governor's staff, responded for 
the State, Mayor Bigelow for the City, and Chief Marshal 
Harmon for the procession. Col. Trull spoke at some 
length, laying stress upon the unexceptionable manner in 
which his command had been received. Colonel Graham 
highly complimented the Fifth upon their appearance. 
Capt. Snow and Ex-Captain Weir, of the Fifth, responded 
to the toasts, and Ex-Col. G rammer made a fine display of 
his speaking abilities. " The Press " was responded to by 
Frank T. Robinson of Boston, the historian of the regi- 
ment. The banquet was finished about two o'clock this 
morning. The bill of fare was gotton up in fine style by 
Punderson & Crisand. 



176 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

The Fifth Massachusetts is a fine regiment, the men 
being noticable for their manly bearing and fine figures. 
The lines and evolutions of the Charlestown Cadets, the 
first company in line, were especially fine. 

Mor.xiXG Jourstal and Courier of Xew Haven, July 5th, 1879. 
A finer body of men than the Fifth Massachusetts Reg- 
iment is rarely seen, and it did not detract from its good 
reputation yesterday. The visiting organizations gave us 
much pleasure, and we hope that in the intervals of effort 
they received some. The thanks of the citizens are due 
them, and all who helped to make the day so notable. 
Before the bright rays of Old Sol had begun to stream 
down with fervid heat and melting fierceness, sounds of 
martial music were filling the air, as the various city com- 
panies of the Second Regiment were marching down to 
the cars to receive the visitors, the fine Fifth Massachu- 
setts Regiment, Colonel Trull, a gallant command, who 
did honor to the parade, and the Old Bay State. Soon 
the rich plumes of the officers of note and distinction 
waved in the early morning breeze, and the march and 
tread of the visiting soldiers' feet, was heard upon our 
pavements, and people ran to the doorways and windows 
to see the soldiers pass by, already awake, if not awake 
all night, through the din and clatter and phiz and snap 
of rockets and crackers, and the bang of small cannon. 
The military visitors came in promptly on time, no delay 
— and so it was with everything throughout the day — 
no delay, no mistakes, no bungling, everything in happy, 
systematic order. The visitors wore their fatigue dress, 
which they, after refreshment and welcome, changed, and 
donned their fine blue uniform and white pants, in which 
they appeared in the procession, challenging admiration, 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 177 

not alone in dress, but in their fine step and soldierly ap- 
pearance. Now the people were ready, all eager to see 
"the grand display- With band music filling the air, came 
the General in command, S. R. Smith, of this city, with 
his Staff Officers, and behind them came Colt's Band with 
music, whose superior character lighted up the eyes of the 
fair ladies at the balconies, and prepared them to see with 
even more eager anticipation, the bold soldier boys of the 
Second and Fifth. First came the Second, looking every 
inch a fine command, with step and soldierly bearing, and 
looking worthy to bear the name of the Second, with its 
fine record. Then came the visiting Regiment, whose 
appearance provoked enthusiastic sentiments of approba- 
tion, eight companies strong, and all having already a 
love for the old City of Elms, gained from past pleasant 
acquaintance with the Second at Bunker Hill, and with 
hospitalites already afforded since their arrival. Among 
the officers of this command was Captain Bancroft, whose 
oar lately gave Yale so much trouble at New London. 

New Haven Uxiox, July 5th, 1879. 
While the officers of the Second and Fifth were enjoy- 
ing their banquet at Morris Cove, the men of the two reg- 
iments mostly remained in the city, and were entertained 
at the three cit}^ armories and at Quartermaster Redfield's. 
There were collations provided at the four places, and all 
the evening men in uniform were passing in and out, enjoy- 
ing the refreshments provided. The scenes in the armories 
were striking and brilliant. The rooms were highly deco- 
rated and flags and bunting were everywhere. The many 
lights shown on the showy uniforms of the soldiers and 
the general effect was very striking. There were any 
number of informal speeches made, and glee clubs from 



178 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

many of the companies marched from armory to armory or 
paraded the streets with locked arms singing, and apparent- 
ly enjoying themselves to the utmost. From what was left, 
of the eatables, Quartermaster Redfield gathered several 
barrels of sandwiches, etc., which he thoughtfully sent 
this morning to the Orphan Asylum. 

At the press headquarters, besides members of the local 
press committee were the following: E. A. Tucker of the 
Hartford Post, C. J. Perkins and J. F. Hill of Boston, Wil- 
liam H. Estey of the Boston Herald, James P Frost of 
the Boston G-lohe, Charles R. By ram of the Boston Jour- 
nal, Frank T. Robinson, formally editor of the Bunker 
Hill Times (Historian of the Fifth M. V M.,) A. S. 
Hotchkiss of the Hartford Covrant, Warren H. Burr of 
the Hartford Times, Ira E. Forbes of the Hartford Post, 
George D. Curtis of the New York Herald, Frank E. Beach 
of the Waterbury American, R. A. Lyon of the Bridge- 
port Farmer, I. W Storrs of the Derby Transcript, A. W 
Vaill and Ralph I. Wright of the Shore Line Tunes-:. 

Boston Globe, July 5th, 1879. 
In mentioning the Reviews the Globe said: The Ton- 
tine Hotel is but a few feet from the City Hall, and the 
troops were obliged to pass this house before reaching 
the reviewing point. As the Second pased the hote 1, it 
was in very bad shape. Alignments were broken, distances 
poorly preserved, and the men were talking with each other 
and with spectators upon the curbstone. However, when 
they reached the City Hall, they had straightened out, and 
showed some fine marching, generally good alignments and 
distances, and a commendable steadiness. Salutes, though, 
proved to be wretched. The officers seemed to have no 
conception of distances, and had almost as many styles as 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 179 

there were officers. The Fifth did finely, and had a tear- 
ing ovation. The men seemed as fresh as when they 
started in the forenoon, and passed in a solid body with 
unbroken fronts, a magnificent steadiness and closing of 
ranks and admirable distances between companies. The 
salutes could hardly have been better, for the distances 
were well judged. When it is taken into consideration that 
very few of the officers and men obtained rest or sleep 
last night, it is a wonder that they could have done so 
well. The Fifth held solidly to its work, and worthily up- 
held its honored name and reputation. 

The New Haven Palladii'm, July 5th, 1879. 

The Fifth Massachusetts is a fine organization, and 
sustained the military reputation of the State. The Regi- 
ment numbered about 300. The marching, wheeling and 
general bearing of the different companies elicited ap- 
plause along the whole line of march. Colonel Trull had 
a regiment of which he may well be proud. 

New York Herald, July 5th, 1879. 
The procession was a grand affair. It included not 
less than five thousand persons, was over two miles in 
length, and was more than an hour in passing a given 
point. The procession formed on Elm street, and at 
eleven o'clock started off on a march of nearly five miles, 
under the command of Chief Marshal Harmon. First 
came the militaiy, the Light Gray of the Second Connec- 
ticut, the United States Regulation Uniform of the Fourth, 
and the nearly similar uniforms of the Fifth Massachusetts, 
whose marching was applauded again and again. 



180 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT. 

Akmy and Navy Journal. 
In referring to the grand Review, the Journal said of 
of the 5th : The Fifth, Colonel Trull and Staff, went by 
in splendid shape, with good salutes, alignments and dis- 
tances, rear ranks fairly closed and dressed. There were 
but few blank files in the eight commands. The regiment 
was equalized with fronts of sixteen files. The command 
was applauded during its passage. The Fifth Regiment 
executed the close column formation with promptness, 
and moved to its proper distance in good shape. 




Campaign and other Reminiscences. 



The following Reminiscences of the various campaigns 
and other important incidents, relating to the history of 
the Fifth Regiment, are placed in this portion of the vol- 
ume in order that the search for actual dates and events 
might not be impeded, and further, that those who desire 
to pass over what is generally termed " dry reading," may, 
in a measure, be entertained by the narration of some of 
the most interesting events of the regimental service. 

That the Fifth have rendered the state and country emi- 
nent service within the past twenty years, the previous 
chapters fully testify, and it may well be said, that the 
regiment has always been fortunate in having for its com- 
manding officers, men who have been honored, not only 
in social and military circles, but in the service of the peo- 
ple of the city and state. 

The Three Month's Volunteers. 

The regiment contained many companies at the break- 
ing out of the war in 1861, that had enviable local reputa- 
tions, and several of them had received a national reputa- 
tion, so that when the Fifth went to Washington in 1861, 
at the call for troops to resist the invasion of the Capitol, 
they did not go as strangers in a strange land ; the press 
of that period was loud in its praise of the regiment and the 
high character of the material of which it was composed. 

When one reads over the old files of our local papers of 



182 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

that date and occasionally discovers a letter from a mem- 
ber of the Fifth while at Camp Andrew, the mind will im- 
mediately become fastened to the narration of the stirring 
events that then transpired. 

Such a letter might not be read by every one with that 
interest that a soldier reads it, but there would be enough 
in it to prove to any mind that the writer was possessed 
of a valorous spirit. 

During the Fifth's stay at Camp Andrew, the citizen 
soldiers made everything as comfortable as the condition 
of things would permit. Their tents were arranged in 
rows, forming a series of lanes and avenues, while some 
furnished them with names, suggestive of those at home. 
In one company a large sign was inscribed " Craft's Cor- 
ner," on another, " Brastow Avenue." These little things 
impressed the visitors with the feeling that the men, 
although uncertain of life and deprived of the usual com- 
forts of existence, had their thoughts continually on the 
conventional objects and associations of their homes. The 
patriotism of the troops and the intensified love of the old 
flag are well illustrated in a letter received from an officer 
while the Fifth was at Camp Massachusetts, near Alexan- 
dria, Va., which reads as follows : 

" Thursday evening, June 12th, 1861. — To-day, the regi- 
ment received what has long been needed, namely, a new 
flag — the Stars and Stripes — and our colors are now com- 
plete. The texture is silk. In the centre of the field is 
a golden eagle surrounded by a circle of 34 stars of gold. 
The staff is surmounted by a gilt spread eagle, with cord 
and tassels of the same royal substance. It is a very beau- 
tiful affair, and more beautiful waving here over the soil 
of disloyal Virginia. The sight of it puts us all ' on our 
fight.' God grant it may never lead but to victory." 



massachusetts volunteer militia. 188 

The Fifth at Bull Run. 

There are many excellent accounts of the famous " Bat- 
tle of Bull Run," and the author has taken the following 
narration from the most reliable of them all, as well as 
quoting extracts from letters of that date. 

For several days before the eventful engagements, the 
Fifth were continually hearing of a probable advance of 
the army, and whenever a runaway darkey from Howard 
County, Maryland, came into camp, he would be the cause 
of circulating at least a half dozen stories about the strong 
position held by the rebels, and the frightened slave 
would actually convince himself that the " Kingdom " really 
"was coming." 

Every day would bring its commotion in camp, exciting 
rumors, and " said to be " reliable information from the 
war department, kept the boys on the tip-toe of hope and 
fear. At night, the regiment would be informed that the 
Union forces were, — before day-light, to be attacked on all 
sides. Preparation was immediately begun ; a signal of 
six guns was to announce the grand sortie, and every 
man was cautioned to leave everything except musket and 
ammunition at the sound of the long roll. Re-inforcements 
to the army were coming in fast, it was said, and with 
the understanding that the rebels were poorly armed and 
a set of sneaks, the boys dropped off into fitful dozes, to 
awake next morning with their throats dry and stomachs 
empty, and inhaling the sweet scent from off the rich fields 
and mountain atmosphere. The "scare" subsided, the 
dread day was put off, and the cause was, that the Confed- 
erates were afraid to strike the Union army. And so the 
fever run from day to day ; now the enemy had retreated, 
and a Peace Convention would "fix things," and then a 
distant rumbling would be heard as if the rebels were prac- 
ticing with their artillery. 



184 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

On Sunday, July 7th, 1861, news came that a general 
battle was certainly imminent, and that the troops were to 
march in a few hours with three clays' rations for Manas- 
sas Junction ; though the news was premature, it proved 
to be the shadow of the event that was near at hand. At 
home, the mother, the father, and the wife watched with 
the deepest interest for the earliest news from the front, 
for the eve of battle was slowly but surely coining on. 

The forward movement of the great national army was 
soon to begin, and the feverish news was awaited in every 
city and town in the Union, causing intense excitement 
day and night. 

The following extract from one of the Union force in 
the field shows the sentiment of one member of the Fifth 
Regiment, and was undoubtedly the expression of them all. 

"July nth, 1861. — Dullness reigns to-day in our camp, 
' a calm before a storm,' notwithstanding the fresh issue 
of shoes and blankets to put us in good marching order. 
Our term of service has nearly expired, and the regiment 
is slow in believing that we shall go forward to meet the 
enemy at this late day. But why not ? Shall the benefit 
of three month's drill be thrown away? It will be just 
as easy to march back from Fairfax or Manassas as from 
Alexandria." 

The grand move so long meditated began on the 16th 
of July, and the troops were enthusiastic enough at being 
relieved of their suspense. The force about to chastise 
the " Secesh Army," consisted of five divisions, 30,000 
or more men, under Gen. Irvin McDowell, and were com- 
posed of Infantry, Artillery and Cavalry, .besides the usual 
baggage wagons and other pharaphernalia of war. By sun- 
rise on the morning of the 17th, the whole army moved in 
four columns, all in light marching order. It was anticipated 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 185 

that the enemy were in strong force at Fairfax, and in order 
that the troops might be in good condition the next day, 
the Third Division, under Col. Heintzelman, encamped 
for the night near Sangster's Station. The next day the 
army moved on, and as no resistance was offered to their 
advance, the troops were in high spirits, and began to 
think their conquest was to be an easy one. 

" Many of the inhabitants on the line of march aban- 
doned their houses and fled in terror at the approach of 
the troops. Some of these houses were entered and plun- 
dered by the National soldiers, and some barns and out- 
houses in the outskirts of the villages were burnt, one of 
the troops, it was said, having been shot by a man con- 
cealed in one of them. Some of the soldiers appeared in 
the streets in the evening, dressed in woman's apparel, 
which they had found in the houses ; and one man in the 
gown and bands of a clergyman, which he found, went 
through the streets with an open book, reading the funeral 
service of the "President of the Southern Confederacy."* 

A portion of the first division, General Tyler, was en- 
gaged with the enemy on the 18th in a reconnoissance at 
Blackburn's Ford, and finding them in strong force, they 
were obliged to retreat after an hour's struggle, with a loss 
of about sixty killed and wounded. 

General McDowell felt the necessity of making a dem- 
onstration on the enemy before his army was weakened 
by the loss of the three months' troops, many of the regi- 
ment's time of enlistment expiring on the 21st, and he 
accordingly ordered a reconnoissance to be made, and 
arranged his plans to attack the Confederates the next 
day. 

This reconnoissance proved that a direct attack on the 

* Lossing. 



186 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

enemy's front would be disastrous, and he concluded to 
turn their left by driving them from Stone Bridge, where 
they were strongly fortified, and breaking their line there, 
force them from the Warrenton Turnpike, and sever this 
portion of their army from their main force. 

" General McDowell issued specific orders on the 20th 
for an advance and method of attack by three divisions 
chosen for the work. The troops were supplied with three 
days' rations. The columns were to move at about two 
o'clock on the morning of Sunday, the 21st. General Ty- 
ler was to be in position at four o'clock, or day-break, to 
menace the Confederates' left at the Stone Bridge, while 
the rear attack was to be made by Generals Hunter and 
Heintzelman about two hours later. Everything was in 
readiness by midnight. The camp-fires of forty regiments 
were burning dimly around Centreville, and the full moon 
was shining brightly, while the air was fresh and still. 

"Never was there a midnight so calm and beautiful ; 
never did a Sabbath morning approach with a more gentle 
aspect on the face of nature." * 

It was difficult to surmount unforseen obstacles, hence 
the many serious results to our best generals during the 
war, and General McDowell was no exception. At two 
o'clock in the morning, the long roll sounded, and there 
was now no doubt of a march in the minds of any of the 
troops, and it was long before sunrise that our forces had 
passed with steady tread through Centreville. 

The second division, Col. David Hunter, and the third 
division, Col. Heintzelman, crossed Cub Run, turned to 
the right through the "big woods," and General Tyler 
with the first division, went by the Warrenton road. Hun- 
ter and Heintzelman were to drive the enemy from the 

* Lossing. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 187 

right and rear upon General Tyler's forces, so that by sur- 
rounding them, a more speedy victory would be assured. 

" Our troops went into the field tired and weary from 
long marching, and lack of rest, and the foe were fresh and 
well-fed, and intrenched behind rifle pits, and breastworks, 
and masked batteries and in forest groves, from which 
they were enabled to pour a murderous fire upon our ad- 
vancing force, while our guns though replying vigorously, 
could have had but slight effect. The rebels under har- 
rangues and exordiums fought with wild yells and demon- 
strations. General McDowell and Staff accompanied the 
central attacking column, under Tyler. The field of bat- 
tle extended over a large area of country. The sun shone 
in all its magnificence and splendor. The battle was 
opened at half-past five in the morning, and our wearied 
troops began the conflict with resolution and courage. 
General Tyler's division made the first onslaught. The 
noise of the cannon was heard distinctly in Alexandria, 
and even Washington. Great was the suspense and anxi- 
ety. The smoke of the conflict darkened the air for a 
long distance. It was a heavy artillery duel at first." * 

Gen Burnside was being heavily engaged with the Con- 
federate General Evans' brigade, and called for help. This 
part of the conflict had been going on for about an hour, 
and the result was doubtful, when Porter's brigade was 
ordered to his relief. This re-enforcement caused Evans' 
line to gradually give way, although the enemy held man- 
fully to their position. At the critical moment a body of 
troops were seen coming over the ridge, in direction of 
Bull Run, to the assistance of the Nationals, and the head 
of Heintzelman's Division, which had not reached the 
ford above when the battle commenced, was coming 
upon the field. "The column on the left was Sherman's 

* Jerome B. Lucke, L. L. B. 



188 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Brigade, from Tyler's right wing, led by Colonel Corcoran, 
with his New York Sixty-Ninth, sixteen hundred strong. 
Using a high tree for an observatory, an officer of Tyler's 
Staff had watched the movements of the columns of Hun- 
ter and Heintzelman, from the moment when they crossed 
Bull Run ; and when there seemed danger that the tide 
of battle might be turned against the attacking force of 
his Division, Tyler promptly ordered Sherman to cross 
just above the Stone Bridge, to their assistance. He did 
so without much molestation, when the advance (Sixty- 
Ninth), soon encountered some of the Confederates flying 
before Hunter's force." * 

Sherman's approach was timely, his troops being fresh, 
they pressed the enemy, who finally fled in confusion up 
the slopes of the plateau, and across it. 

The conflict was fearful, and our forces were successful. 
Hunter and Heintzelman were in strong position. "At 
half-past twelve, an essential triumph had been gained by 
our army. Beauregard, himself, could hardly keep his 
forces up to their work. That at this point the Confeder- 
ates were virtually defeated, was admitted by rebel jour- 
nals : ' Some of our best officers,' said the Louisville 
Courier, ' were slain, and the flower of the army lay 
strewn upon the field. McDowell was in the act of pos- 
sessing himself of the railway to Richmond. Then all 
would have been lost. But at this critical moment, Gen. 
Johnston, with the remnant of his Division, re-appeared.' 
The Richmond Dispatcli, and the Charleston Mercury, 
confessed, with like testimony, to the narrow escape. 
Johnston's troops who had escaped from Winchester, had 
reached the battle-field by railroad. Our men heroically 
renewed the attack." f 

* Lossing. t J. B. Lucke, L. L. B. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 189 

The Union Reserves, consisting of the Fourth and Fifth 
Divisions, were then ordered forward, and if this force 
could have confronted the rebel re-enforcement, at once, 
the result of the conflict might have been far different. 

" By three o'clock, there were no impediments in the 
way of the advance of re-enforcements from Centreville ; 
for at one o'clock, the National forces had possession of 
the Warrenton Turnpike, from near the bridge westward, 
which was one of the grand objectives of the movement 
against the Confederate left. 

" The Confederates were in commanding position, on 
the plateau, and to drive them from it, was the task imme- 
diately in hand. To accomplish this, five brigades, includ- 
ing Colonel Franklin's, the Fifth Massachusetts forming 
the right, were sent along the Sudley's Spring Road, to 
turn the Confederates' left. 

" Up the slope, south of the Warrenton Turnpike, 
these brigades moved, accompanied by McDowell, with 
Heintzelman (whose division commenced the action here) 
as chief lieutenant, on the field. They were severely 
galled by the batteries of the enemy, yet they pressed for- 
ward and were soon in possession of the western portion 
of the plateau. There was a swell of ground westward a 
short distance, occupied by the Confederates, the posses- 
sion of which was important, as it commanded the whole 
plateau. Two batteries were ordered to seize it, and 
plant their guns there, and the Fifth and Eleventh Mas- 
sachusetts regiments, with others, were ordered to the left 
of the batteries." * 

Here the Fifth did noble duty, receiving their orders 
from Colonel Lawrence, they coolly fired upon the enemy, 
and not a man gave evidence of weakness. They were 

* Lossing. 



190 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

exposed to a terrible ambushed fire of the rebel batteries 
for a full half hour, and while in their unprotected situa- 
tion, were liable to be cut to pieces, and doubtless would 
have been, but from the fact that the Zouaves, who had 
advanced upon the enemy, and were suddenly met by an 
ambushed Alabama regiment, recoiled under the hot fire 
and fled in confusion, which saved the intended charge 
of the brigade, and caused another movement immediately. 

The struggle for the plateau was still going on, and the 
First Minnesota, Col. Gorman, was ordered to support the 
batteries, while the Fifth acted as reserve. A double 
quick movement brought the two commands opposite to 
their original position, on the right, and they had hardly 
assumed the offensive, when they were suddenly confront- 
ed by a body of troops some fifty yards to their front. 
This embarrassing position continued for some moments, 
each command not knowing whether he was facing friend 
or foe ; but in a short time, the colors were seen, and the 
rattle of musketry began in good earnest, resulting in the 
batteries and infantry retiring from their position under a 
murderous fire from five times their own force. 

The Fifth then moved with their brigade near their 
first position. In the mean time, McDowell ordered 
Sherman to sweep the hill, but alas, they were overpow- 
ered, and with fearful results were obliged to retreat, be- 
ing repuleed by a greater force than was anticipated. 

Johnston was shortly after re-enforced by General E. 
Kirby Smith with a force of over four thousand men, who 
had come down by the Manassus Gap Road. This was an 
opportunity of which Johnston availed himself, and with 
four brigades, he bore heavily down on the right and rear 
of McDowell's forces, and cleared our troops from the 
slope and plateau, thus defeating our almost victorious 
army 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 191 

" The panic and the tumultuous head-long rush to 
Washington, after the battle, is familiar to every one. 
A ceaseless tide of fugitives surged over the roads, and 
fields, and through the woods. The rebels had a chance 
of entering Washington, but they had been nearly beaten, 
and were really as badly demoralized as our own army 
The path of our flying troops was a scene of havoc, lit- 
tered with guns, knapsacks, blankets, haversacks, and 
canteens, and choked with broken gun carriages, and the 
private carriages of Washington officers, and public men, 
who had driven down to see the conflict from a suitable 
distance. And then, sad indeed, there were wounded and 
exhausted soldiers, and horses, crushed and mangled, who, 
unable to go further, dropped in their tracks. Attempts 
were made to stop the panic, but in vain. The resistless 
tide of fugitives rolled onward until Centreville was reached. 
Some stopped at Fairfax, some at Alexandria, and some 
kept on to Washington. Many of the Union dead and 
wounded lay exposed on the battle field." * 

The Fifth, after leaving the battle-field, marched to 
Centreville, where an attempt was made to re-organize the 
panic-stricken troops, but this proved ineffectual, and the 
remnants proceeded to Washington, where they arrived, 
a forlorn and prostrated set of men, though not disheart- 
ened, for they were conscious of having done their duty 
well, and received the merited praise of their commanding 
Generals. 

Their term of enlistment soon expired, their campaign 
days was over, and the thought of soon being with their 
friends at home, brought joy and comfort to their weary 
hearts. Some, there were, who were left behind ; dead, 
missing, and taken prisoners, but the hopes of all, were 

* J. B. Lucke, L. L. B. 



192 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

that time would bring most of them to the surface, and 
eventually to those who yearned most dearly for them. 

Upon the arrival of the regiment in Boston, they re- 
ceived a reception worthy of such heroes. The people 
turned out en masse, and the cheers of the multitude that 
thronged the route of the march, were significant of the 
fact that their services had been appreciated, and that 
while away their every movement had been closely 
watched. 

When the prisoners returned, several months after, hav- 
ing been exchanged, they also received a most fitting re- 
ception, not only from the people, but from the hands of 
their former comrades. The stories of the suEerings ex- 
perienced by the prisoners of war, have been read with 
interest, and their escape from death was remarkable, con- 
sidering the treatment they received. 

Killed, Wounded, and Prisoners. 
The following is the most correct list of the killed and 
wounded and those taken prisoners at the Battle of Bull 
Run, that could be gathered by the author. 

Colonel Samuel C. Lawrence, wounded. 

Company A, Salem. 
Henry T. Briggs, Prisoner, Exchanged 1862. 
Samuel A. Cate, " " 1862. 

Company B, South Reading. 
Sergeant George W. Aborn, Prisoner, Exchanged 1862. 
James H. Griggs, " " 1862. 

Frank L. Tibbetts, " " 1862. 

Company C, Charlestown. 
Edward Foster, Prisoner, Exchanged 1862. 

Company D, Haverhill. 
Hiram S. Collins, Killed. 
James A. Shaw, Prisoner, parolled, 1862. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 193 

Company E, Medford. 
Sergeant William H. Lawrence, Killed. 

John H. Hoyt, Prisoner, Exchanged 1862. 

Company F, Boston. 
Sergeant Charles W Cassebourne, Killed. 
Isaac M. Low " 

Thomas Hettler, " 

Edward J. Williams, " 

Cyrus F. Wardwell, Prisoner, Exchanged 1862. 
Stephen O'Hara, " " 1862. 

Bernard McSweeney, " " 1862. 

William H. Richardson, accidentally shot. 

Company G, Concord. 
Sergeant Cyrus Hosmer, Prisoner, Exchanged 1862. 
Wm. S. Rice, " " 1862. 

Wm. C. Bates, " " 1862. 

Edward S. Wheeler, " " 1862. 

Henry L. Wheeler, " " 1862. 

Company H, Salem. 
George A. Thompson, Killed. 
William Shanley, Prisoner, Exchanged 1862. 
George W. Dow, " " 1S62. 

Company I, Somerville. 
Edward F. Hannaford, Killed. 
William F. Moore, Wounded. 

Company K, Charlestowx, 
Henry A. Angier, Prisoner, Exchanged 1862. 
C. A. Babcock, " " 1862. 

George T. Childs, " " 1862. 

Samuel E. Chandler, " " 1862. 

Sumner Fish, Killed — never seen since battle. 

Recapitulation. 
Killed, 9.. Wounded, 2. Prisoners, 22. 

There were no bounties given when the Fifth went to 
Washington, nor were any offered to the nine-month's 
volunteers at first, an evidence that the men were actuated 
by pure patriotism in offering their lives at their country's 
call, and not for pecuniary considerations. 



194 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



The Second Three Month's Enlistment. 
The regiment after its term of service expired, July 31st, 
1 86 1 , kept up its organization, and when on May 26th, 1 862, 
a telegram was received from the President by Governor 
Andrew, to forward to Washington at once, all of the ac- 
tive militia of this State, the Fifth responded with its 
usual alacrity. General Banks had been driven from the 
Shenandoah valley, by a superior force of the enemy, and 
the Capitol of Washington was menaced. Orders were 
issued on the 26th of May to commanders of regiments 
to report forthwith with their commands on Boston Com- 
mon for active service. Again men bid farewell to their 
families, put on their uniforms, assembled in their armor- 
ies, and proceeded at once to Boston, many of them at 
great personal sacrifice. On the 27th, Boston was alive 
with troops, some four thousand men having responded 
to the call. The Fifth, on this occasion, was officered as 
follows : 



Colonel 

Lieut.-Colonel 

Major 

Quartermaster 

Surgeon 

Sergeant-Major 

Quartermaster-Sergeant 



Samuel C. Lawrence. 
George H. Peirson. 
John T. Boyd. 
Joseph E. Billing^. 
Samuel H. Hurd. 
Henry A. Quincy. 
Samuel C. Hunt, Jr. 



Company A. Captain Richard Barrett, 

B. Lieut. William E. Robinson, 

C. Captain John P. Richardson, 

D. Captain Hannibal P. Norton, 

E. Captain John Hutch ings, 

F. Captain Ephraim H. Brigham, 
H. Captain John B. Norton, 



42 


men. 


36 


a 


3 2 


u 


93 


a 


82 


" 


S 1 


(( 


93 


" 



429 



Late on the afternoon of the 27th, it was ascertained 
that many of the men who had responded to the call, be- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 195 

lieved the service which they had volunteered to render 
was but for three months, and had made their business 
and other arrangements accordingly Upon arriving at 
Boston, they discovered that the three-month's term had 
been changed by an Act of Congress to a longer term ; 
whereupon Gov. Andrew telegraphed to the War Depart- 
ment for authority to muster the men in for three months' 
service, which authority was not given. The law was ex- 
plained to the men, and about one half of them volun- 
teered to proceed, "law or no law," and every man was 
anxious to go for three months. The next day informa- 
tion was received from Washington that the immediate 
danger to the Capitol was passed, concentration of regular 
forces having been effected, and the militia were disbanded, 
many of them, however, enlisted in the three years' regi- 
ment then forming. 

The Nine Months' Volunteers. 

The Fifth did not remain inactive after its second prof- 
fer for three months' service, but was immediately re- 
cruited, as will be seen by referring to page 29. Many in- 
cidents could be related by the veterans of the nine 
months' campaign, and if each member could add his indi- 
vidual experience, the whole would make a book well worth 
reading. The writer, however, has not forgotten his own 
experience, and being unable to obtain valuable items from 
others, will give his personal recollections, together with 
gleanings from old letters and information from other re- 
liable sources. 

Many events occurred, the mere mention of which will 
be sufficient to recall to the mind the entire incident. 
Who of the Fifth that sailed away from Boston on the 
transport Mississippi, Capt. Baxter, will ever forget the 



196 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

terrible fall of Claude Grenache of Co. I., who, having 
climbed to the foretop, lost his hold and fell to the deck, 
breaking his back, and severely injuring a member of his 
company. His ambition to gain notoriety as an athlete 
brought him to an untimely end. His body was left at 
Holme's Holl. Doubtless the boys will not forget the 
rations of soup issued the second day out, salt ! that was 
no name for it ; the writer has ascertained that no one (?) 
was to blame for this calamity to the famished troops, it 
having occurred in the following manner : Joel Raymond 
and Royal Ramsey of Co. H, together with one or two 
other celebrated cooks, had charge of the pottage, and, 
having a complete knowledge of the quantity of salt needed 
to a gallon of fresh water, etc., added the required amount 
on the start, which was all right, but the supervising 
officer, whose name is well known in the regiment, and 
whose love for the boys was proverbial, thinking there 
might be some mistake and thoughtlessness on the part 
of the cooks, made careful inquiries of them and thought 
everything all right ; the cooks, however, or some un- 
authorized parties, fearing that the stuff would not be salt 
enough, turned in a portion of a barrel of rock salt, and 
"let her bile." The result was that the soup would not 
remain liquid but became solid with crystals of salt after 
five minutes' cooling. The whole affair proved the truth 
of the old adage, "too many cooks spoil the broth." After 
the exclamations usual on an occasion of this kind, the 
boys settled down and had a "quiet game" by way of 
pacification. 

On the 26th, an incident occurred which nearly resulted 
in the loss of a life ; it was as follows : After passing Fort 
Macon, N. C, we took a pilot and had hardly sailed a mile 
when we were brought up hard and fast on a sand bar, 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 197 

and had the pleasure of seeing the Forty-fourth disembark 
from the Merrimac on the wharf at Morehead city. Capt. 
Baxter was a man of few words, some of them being oaths, 
and his harsh voice must have grated fearfully on the ears 
of that pilot when he roared, or rather hissed, " You south- 
ern hound, you '11 have us aground ! if you do, you I '11 

blow your brains out ! " It required the most earnest 

solicitations of several of the officers to prevent the cap- 
tain from carrying out his threat. As it was, the pilot's 
boat which was made fast under our stern, was crushed to 
atoms by the propeller. It being customary for the pilot 
to make his skiff fast to the stern of vessels, or side 
wheelers, and this being the first propeller that ever en- 
tered the harbor, his ignorance cost him dear. 

Mr. Fred. A. Barker, one of the ship's officers, and a 
resident of Charlestown, rendered many favors to the 
troops during the passage in the way of provender, and 
his kindness was duly appreciated. 

We landed next day, in good condition, and the boys 
went for the big oysters, apples, (10 cents each), and oth- 
er luxuries, and after hearing strange stories of "bullud" 
from the Ninth New Jersey veterans, the platform cars 
soon carried us to New Berne, and we slept that night in 
our new quarters, the Sibley tents, having been pitched 
by that best of regiments, the Twenty-fifth Massachusetts. 
Beyond the city, and around our camp, the country was 
low and marshy. The thermometer ranged from Jo° to 
8o° at midday, and at night, fell to 30 and 25 , there being 
no twilight, the heavy dew suddenly penetrated every- 
thing, and cautioned us about fever and ague ; but the 
boys were careful, and by using proper sanitary precau- 
tions, they escaped the malarial fever, that swept off many 
members of the Forty-fifth and Forty-sixth regiments. 



198 history of the fifth regiment 

Fort Peirson. 

Fort Peirson was the name by which the camp of the 
Fifth Regiment was designated during their nine months' 
campaign, in New Berne, North Carolina : having been 
named in honor of Colonel George H. Peirson, of the 
Fifth. The accompanying lithograph gives a view sketched 
in May, 1863, and really presents a better idea of the gen- 
eral appearance of the camp, to those who were there, 
than the large publication taken when the water was high 
and in the winter. 

After the arrival of the regiment in New Berne, it was 
marched through the shady streets awhile, then gradual- 
ly bore to the right, and soon found out the nature of 
North Carolina soil, which was very sandy, being in 
much the same condition, as the grass sand of a beach. 
There were a number of Sibley tents pitched on a slightly 
raised patch of ground, about one mile in the rear of New 
Berne, and as we turned the corner of the burying ground 
these cloth edifices caught the eyes of the boys, and it 
was very soon known that they were pitched for the Fifth 
Regiment, and that was to be our home in the sunny 
South. A corduroy bridge was built, soon after our arri- 
val, near the entrance of our camp, as the swampy water 
was often too high for comfortable travelling. On the 
right, entering the camp, was a swamp, and beyond Fort 
Rowan, the flag of which was seen flying over the tree- 
tops. The railroad tracks lie a little beyond the fort, bore 
to the left, crossed the interval, and entered the woods in 
the distance. The river Neuse was situated about a mile 
and a half to the right of the camp. In the rear of the 
fortification the land was of a marshy nature, and extended 
to the woods in the background. To the left was a rather 
damp tract of country, until the Trent road was reached, 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 109 

which was located about a mile away, and ran parallel with 
the railroad for several miles, and was separated from it 
by about three-fourths of a mile of woods and swamp 
land. There was a considerable quantity df water on the 
left of the camp during the early part of the campaign, 
but most of it evaporated in time, and enlarged the grounds 
to some extent, not enough however for drilling purposes. 

There were four tents to a company, used for the non- 
commissioned officers and privates, and two A tents for 
the three commissioned officers. The field and staff were 
located near the earthworks. The various companies had 
their own cook-houses, which were built of slabs, and had 
a long opening with a shelf on one side, where the boys 
after falling in for grub, would "hog in." 

The quartermaster's department was located to the 
right on entering the grounds, and in the rear of the Guard 
tents. 

The following was the position of the companies in line, 
applying also to their position while in camp and service. 

Company H, Capt. Drew (i), held the right nearest 
headquarters, Company E, Capt. Kent (6) ; Company C, 
Capt. Daniels (4) ; Company F, Capt. Currier (9) ; Com- 
pany G, Capt. Grammar (3) ; Company B, Capt. Parker (8) ; 
Company K, Capt. Crafts (5) ; Company A, Capt. Green 
(10) ; Company I, Capt. Newton (7) ; Company D, Capt. 
Howard (2). 

The camp was always kept in the best condition, by 
regularly detailed men, and often delinquents at drill, and 
other transgressors were added to the force. During the 
early part of our service, we were terribly annoyed during 
the night'by the continuous baying of the blood-hounds, 
being penned on the outskirts of the city, and they only 
ceased their howls with the gray light of morning. 



200 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

The mortality of the regiment was smaller than that of 
any other in the department, and the fine situation of our 
camp, and the stringent enforcement of sanitary rules 
doubtless was the cause ; Surgeon Ingalls is to be credit- 
ed for his careful attention, and uniform kindness to the 
men, always having a smile and cheerful word for those 
who were obliged to visit his tent at surgeon's call, in the 
morning. 

Our First Tramp, 

"Fall in boys," came the orderlies' call before we had 
had a decent southern hour's sleep, " fall in and get your 
rations," and we did, the same consisting of as much hard 
tack as was needed, a pound of salt pork, a small quantity 
of sugar and coffee, salt junk, (old hoss), an onion, etc., 
and when the regiment was in line we looked and felt 
more like recruits of war, than ever before during our en- 
listment. The cooks worked hard, and everything being 
in readiness, we started for the transports, which without 
special incident landed us in Washington, N. C, on the 
morning of Obtober 30th. 

We were assigned quarters in a dilapidated barn, and 
were put through the various required company, and regi- 
mental evolutions. Sunday at 7 o'clock, a. m., the regiment 
was ordered to join the expedition to Tarboro', and the line 
of march was taken up in the direction of Williamstown. 
Towards sundown, the advance encountered the enemy, 
posted behind entrenchments, at a place called Rawles' 
Mills, who disputed their passage ; but our forces soon com- 
pelled them to beat a retreat, and the following morning 
we continued our advance towards Williamstown, which 
place the column reached at noon, having marched a dis- 
tance of twenty-three miles from Washington. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 201 

There were sights to be seen along our route the re- 
membrance of which, makes one's heart sick. The 
North knew nothing of the effects of the war ; but there, 
war appeared in its fiercest aspect, and stared one in the 
face. Utter ruin and desolation was found on every hand, 
hamlet and town and city witnessed the devastating effect 
of civil war. Houses along our route were pillaged of 
everything, families fleeing in every direction ; foraging 
parties scouring the country and seizing all available 
property ; magnificent gardens and plantations trampled 
under foot, and woe to the man who lifted his hand in de- 
fense of his home and property. When we reached Wil- 
liamstown, the place was given over to pillage. The town 
was beautifully laid out, with cottage houses on either 
side of a broad street, many had homelike gardens in 
front. But the town was silent, the citizens with their 
flocks had fled precipitately, upon the approach of their 
foe, and in many places had left the table set for dinner. 
It was a pity to see the splendid furniture, pianos, crock- 
ery ware and everything turned topsy turvy. Civilized 
thieves we were, searching for relics and valuables, every 
one 'abandoned himself to pilfering whatever he could 
lay his hands on. I bring that scene to my mind, and I 
behold a town being sacked by Massachusetts troops, Cav- 
alry charging on valuable pianos ; the streets strewn with 
French china, with here and there a swallow-tail coat 
ripped up the back, women's clothes, etc., laying loosely 
about, and the peaceful columbines that grew over the 
porches of those pleasant houses; torn down and trampled 
under foot. When we left the town there was not an en- 
tire article to be found. 

The sick and footsore were sent on board gun-boats in 
the river, and we bivouacked that night about three miles 



202 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

from the town. Next morning, November 4th, we 
pressed on to Hamilton, within two miles of which, we 
were forced to build a bridge near a deserted breastwork, 
which extended from the woods across the main road to 
a fort on the river bank. Hamilton was reached near 
sundown, and like Williamstown, was found entirely de- 
serted. 

The same scenes were here enacted as at Williamstown, 
houses were turned inside out, hens, pigs and geese were 
bayoneted, cattle slaughtered, and to complete the ruin 
the Hawkin's Zouaves, in revenge for being fired upon, 
set fire to the town, and our line of march was lighted for 
several miles by the flames of the vast fire. The sick were 
sent aboard the gun-boats, and the column moved several 
miles out of Hamilton and bivouacked for the night. Nov. 
5 th, we started early, the boys feeling somewhat rested, 
and after lighting our pipes with cotton wads taken from 
the pods growing in the fields right and left, we journeyed 
on, taking the road to Tarboro' We marched until night, 
when a halt was ordered, and the boys broke ranks and 
made for the rail fences, which were a blessing to our 
troops all through the war, and without which we should 
have taken many a cold dinner ; we were at this time 
within about nine miles of Tarboro' The following morn- 
ing we commenced our return march, General Foster hav- 
ing learned from reliable sources that the enemy with 
their various communications open, and receiving large 
re-inforcements, were strongly posted behind earth-works 
at Tarboro' We took a different road back to Hamilton, 
and what few deserted buildings remained standing were 
used as barracks that night. Next morning, (the 7th), we 
started in a violent snow-storm, which however, did not 
delay our march, although it continued all through the 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 203 

day We followed a road near the river to Williamstown, 
which we had not travelled before. We remained in Wil- 
liamstown until Sunday morning, the 9th, when the march 
was resumed, and we reached Plymouth Monday morn- 
ing, the 10th. The regiment left this beautiful town after 
foraging, and obtaining plenty of tobacco, and such valu- 
able things, and taking transports, reached New Berne on 
the 13th. 

The expedition captured fifty prisoners, four hundred 
horse and mules, and one hundred teams. Many of the 
boys were without shoes, and were forced to march the 
entire distance, 160 miles, with stockings only as cover- 
ings to the feet. This was our first " frog," and " we want 
ed to go home," but we did n't. 

In Camp Again. 
For several weeks we took a rest from marching, but 
were required to drill regularly. In our spare time we 
perfected our habitation, by driving slabs into the sand, 
and raising our tents about two feet. This was luxurious 
enough, and with one exception answered our purpose, 
that exception was that on windy days the sand would drift 
through into our butter, if we had any, and on our food, 
which consisted of "soft tack" three times a week when 
in camp, stewed and baked beans, hashed fish, hashed meat, 
and other peculiar hashes. Many of the boys learned to 
play simple (?) games of cards to pass away the time, most- 
ly on rubber blankets, by candle-light, using a bayonet for 
a candle-stick, as there was no lack of originality in the 
regiment, many amusements were continually occurring. 
" Sam " the adjutant's colored man, was a big wrestler, and 
threw every one except the adjutant and Henry Hardy of 
Company H. " Sam " was a queer fellow, and we often 



204 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

plagued the poor fellow's life out of him, getting him 
"riled" at times so that he would suddenly turn on us, 
and striking us on the breast with the back of his hand, 
would say at the same moment, " See yer ! boy, I'll break 
yer breastbone !" 

The monotony of camp life was frequently dispelled by 
the arrival from home of letters and great boxes, the latter 
containing all the home delicacies as well as solid food. 
When a box arrived by the Dudley Buck, there was fun in 
each tent, and generally the contents were divided, sol- 
diers being notoriously generous. Who will ever forget the 
smile that ever lurked on the pale face of our beloved chap- 
lain Snow, as he delivered the mail to the anxious ones 
who stood listening and waiting for the sound of their 
name ? Poor Snow, he was a man of tender heart and 
most cheerful character, but the life of a soldier was not 
for him, he being too frail to endure much hardship. 
Wooden cook-houses were built, and many important local 
events transpired, and all the while rumors would be sent 
the rounds that we would soon receive orders for another 
march, and they came in good time. 

The " Frog " to Goldsboro' 
The following narrative of the famous march to Golds- 
boro' will be most interesting to those who participated in 
its hardships, and is made up from letters and memory 
On the morning of Dec. nth, 1862, at about four o'clock, 
we were routed out, and after an early breakfast, got 
ready, and formed the regimental line in front of camp to 
join the Third Brigade, then being formed on the Trent 
road. At 7 a. m., the entire available force of the 18th ar- 
my corps under command of General Foster, started at five 
o'clock in the afternoon, our regiment was one mile from 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 205 

our point of departure, although the advance was some 
ten or twelve miles off, well, we "polywogged" along 
more than half the night, when we succumbed about 4, 
a. m., in a cornfield six miles out of New Berne. Here 
we slept on the ground after building camp fires and get- 
ting supper. 

When morning dawned, we were almost frozen, and 
hugged the bright, warm fires, made our coffee in dippers, 
and enjoyed coffee and hardtack. Some of the boys made 
" scouse " which is done by crumbling hardtack into a 
dipper, cutting up pork, salt junk, and, in fact, almost ev- 
erything that is fit to cut up, then adding a little water, 
in order not to burn it, and stew until soft, very nice. 
After breakfast we took up our line of march and 
" frogged it " all day, and at night halted in an open corn- 
field, and were soon slumbering sweetly. 

December 14th, early in the morning, our regiment was 
ordered to throw out pickets on the different roads, and 
guard the luggage train. Company C, (Capt. Daniels), 
was posted on the road' leading towards Wilmington. 
About 1 1 p. m., they saw the enemy's cavalry coming 
up the road, but the boys were wide-awake, and a few 
shots dispersed the enemy. Upon examination, and in- 
quiry, the next morning, it was found that there was 
about two hundred of them, undoubtedly on a scouting 
expedition. 

Companies G, (Capt. Grammar), and F, (Capt. Currier), 
were posted on the main road to Kinston, to guard the 
bridge over Southwest Creek. Company D, (Lieut. 
Marden commanding,) was posted to the rear, Companies 
B, K, and I guarded the baggage train ; Company A at 
this time was on detailed service at Washington, N. C. 
Companies H and E were detailed to go ahead and assist 



206 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

the pioneers in building a bridge, or to protect them while 
they worked. They started, taking the army road, trav- 
elled about four miles, under the direction of Adjutant 
Eustis, when suddenly they heard heavy firing in their 
front. A little further on, they found one company of 
New York Cavalry posted at a bend in the road. By this 
time the firing had ceased. The captain of the company 
informed them that a short distance in their front, a rebel 
force was posted, with two mounted guns, and if they 
could capture them, it would be a fine thing for them. 
They then filed into a field at the side of the road, threw off 
their overcoats, blankets and clippers ; one platoon of Com- 
pany H, marched to the front, with the cavalry, while the 
other platoon with Company E, filed to the left into a 
corn-field, and laid down to await the action of the cav- 
alry and first platoon of Co. H. The cavalry had one 
howitzer with which they played into the rebels to such 
effect, that they thought them the main army, and suddenly 
took " French leave." Obtaining their overcoats, they 
marched to the bridge, and found it torn down, and every- 
thing in a state of chaos, even the blunderbuss gun which 
they could occasionally hear, when the rebels fired, was 
gone. The bridge was rebuilt in a couple of hours. The 
enemy's force consisted of upwards of six hundred men, 
while ours was but one hundred and seventy-five, all told. 
The companies pushed on to Kinston to join the rest 
of the army, the second platoon of Co. H, acting as skir- 
mishers, and they had advanced but a short distance be- 
fore the cavalry men came flying back, shouting, " Kins- 
ton is ours," whereupon the Glee Club of the Charles- 
town City Guard gave "Rally Round the Flag Boys," in 
fine style, a thing for which they were noted in the 
Eighteenth corps. After plundering an old farm house, 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 207 

and getting the aged couple, who owned the place, rather 
intoxicated, by compelling them to taste the whiskey 
before they would drink it, for fear of poison, they 
journeyed on, and after an hour's march reached Kinston 
long after dark. The men were conscious that a great 
fight had occurred at Kinston, from the fact that the 
roads right and left, were filled with the bodies of the 
dead, and they would often stumble over them in their 
march. " The noble six hundred," I said to myself, 
"were driven into the jaws of death," for they came into 
the hands of our forces at Kinston. 

The field of battle was a new sight to .my eyes, and one 
never to be forgotten, as I stood gazing upon it the next 
morning. Everywhere was rack and ruin ; the roads and 
fields were covered with everything of a warlike nature, 
shell, shot, bullets, knapsacks, cartridge boxes, and the 
dead of both armies. In the woods, trees were literally 
torn to shreds, here a giant tree bore the scars of some 
shell as it flew screeching by, there a tree shattered to 
splinters ; on one side you see a house with a hole as big 
as a window in the side, and on the other you behold the 
place where a house had been, and of which there was 
here and there a timber pointing silently like fingers of 
fate at the sad ruin. The sight that made my heart bleed 
was of a soldier lying on his back behind a tree ; in his 
left hand was a cartridge, in his right the ramrod, and 
across his breast his musket lay There was a pleasant 
expression on his face in spite of the end of the cartridge 
paper held between his teeth. He belonged to the For- 
ty-fifth Regiment, and did not seem to me to be dead, 
but upon examination, I found the fatal wound, which 
was a half inch below the eagle and right in the centre of 
his cross belt. I assisted Chaplain Stone to carry him to 



208 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

the school-house, where were found many dead and dying 
of both armies. The Hundred and Third Pennsylvania 
suffered a considerable loss, in one place there were ten 
of them, side by side, with bullet holes in their foreheads; 
the firing must have been hot and quick. 

That morning we waited until our regiment came up, 
and joined it, burning the bridge behind us, a thing the 
rebels tried to do, and the attempt cost one man his life, 
he being burned to death. On the way to Goldsboro' 
we fell in with a large force of the enemy at Whitehall. 
The Fifth were drawn up on a road supporting a battery, 
and as this was an artillery battle, our troops found little 
to do save dodging shot, or to feel humiliated at the sound 
of a shell bursting in too close proximity to us. Only 
three of our regiment were wounded in this engagement. 
The noisy affair of one hundred or more guns firing 
simultaneously being over, and after a night's rest, we 
started for Goldsboro', our brigade having the advance, 
thus giving up the guarding of three hundred baggage 
wagons, and lifting them out of ruts, and working hard 
day and night, which was a great relief. When we 
arrived within two and a half miles of a place called 
Everett's Mills, on the morning of the 17th, we again 
smelled powder, and our brigade took a full hand in the 
final action. Co. H was detailed to protect the negroes 
who tore up the rails for about a mile, while a company of 
cavalry kept them on the watch by continually threatening 
them. They soon returned to their regiment, which being 
on the left of the line, was the last to leave the field, we 
gave cheer upon cheer, knowing that the object of our 
expedition had been accomplished, but while thus happy 
we were startled by the wild yell of the rebels who had 
come from the cover of the woods and appeared desirous 
of surrendering themselves. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 209 

Our regiment and the New York Cavalry were ordered 
to support Morrison's battery, assisted by the Fifth 
Rhode Island, and Seventeenth Massachusetts. Some 
of the battery boys shouted, " they don't mean fight, they 
want to surrender." Just then the rebel flag rose above 
their ranks, the battery commander shouted, " I' ve got 
the range of that flag, let her rip ! The guns responded 
quickly, and down went the flag, the shell exploding right 
in front of the color bearer. The rebels then advanced 
with a yell, but they were mowed down with the shot, shell 
and cannister that was hurled amongst them. We never 
saw such work before. Every discharge of the guns laid 
the rebels out in terrible confusion, and hundreds of them 
were stretched on the field never to tell the story of their 
grand charge.* The cavalry, seeing all the enemy waver, 
brandished their sabres in defiance, and our warriors gave 
three ringing cheers, fixed bayonets, and sprang to the 
right of the battery, where they were ordered to lie down. 
The enemy paid dear for his efforts to draw us into the 
line of fire from his ambushed guns ; as it was, we suffered 
by having several men wounded and our flag and staff 
torn by shell. After a while quiet reigned, and we turned 
to go back. But a new trial came upon us, either the 
rebels' or our own shells broke a mill-dam, and we were 
obliged to ford the rushing stream. f 

* During the one hundred days' service of the Fifth Regiment in Mary- 
land, in 1864, a detachment of three companies garrisoned Fort McHenry, 
and frequently prisoners of war were brought there for safe keeping. 
Among them, at one time, was a squad of North Carolina Infantry, and it 
was ascertained from them, that they were a part of the forces engaged in 
the battle of Goldsboro', Dec. 1862, that their loss on the last charge was over 
four hundred men killed, and two hundred wounded. 

t The same prisoners stated that their regiment cut the mill dam, after 
our forces first left the field. 



210 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

One poor fellow, private R , of Co. H, who 

thought to gain an advantage over his less fortunate 
companions, by striding a caisson wheel and thus ride 
safely through the stream; had his hopes doomed to dis- 
appointment, for the wheel was not keyed, and when in 

the middle of the stream it rolled off, and poor R 

got a thorough soaking. We travelled all night in our 
wet clothing and cold as Greenland. What is the need 
of further detail of this march ? suffice it to say, that 
our return was more rapid than our advance, our marches 
being always forced, and, being on the left, we got very 
little rest. Sore heels, chafing, colds and other ills, were 
noticeable among the boys ; provisions were scarce, five 
hardtacks for two days being the order of rations, a fel- 
low could starve on this sort of food in a short time, but 
we had lots of sweet potatoes, and would occasionally 
" strike a pig," so that considering all things, we did not 
suffer as much as the thousand or more poor stragglers. 
I might tell of the blackened faces of our troops, caused 
by the smoke from the pine trees, of the sights that 
would thrill one when beholding 20,000 troops bivouacking 
on the sides of and between two hills ; the thousands of 
fires looking like stars twinkling here and there, with an 
impenetrable background of blackness, with the moving 
forms of soldiers, the flashing bayonets of the guards, — 
well, one who is not much of a hand at description, cannot 
adequately express himself, but it is a sight never to be for- 
gotten. We finally reached our camp Sunday morning, and 
bodily repairs immediately began. " Aunt Susie " with her 
dumplings was a welcome guest that day. and sweet potato 
pies made an excellent " top off " to our coarse meal. We 
had marched over one hundred and eighty miles in eleven 
days, and lost only one man, and ten wounded. Pioneer 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 211 

" Beesum " came out all right, despite the fact that he was 
frequently called into use, and often had to stand waist deep 
in water. There was one man, I remember, who probably 
gained more enemies in those eleven days march than any 
other man could possibly gain in the same time. His name 
was Frankle, a major, and a German. His duty was to look 
after stragglers and keep the boys in line. " Go back to 
your regiment," he would shout fiercely in the ears of 
some unfortunate soldier, plodding along slowly, with sore 
heels or some like trouble. In one instance, the major 
made a mistake, he accosted a poor, dirty looking soldier, 
belonging to the Twenty-fifth Mass., yelling at him in 
this wise, " Here, you soldier, vat regiment do you belong 
to ? " the fellow did not turn or make answer in any way. 
The major, infuriated, wheeled his horse in front of the 
soldier, and, bringing the flat of his sword down smartly 
on the poor fellow's back, shouted again "Vat regiment 
do you belong to ?" The man cooly took off his hat, put 
it on his bayonet, with the figure 25 outward, capped his 
piece, and raised it into the major's face, saying severely, 
" Damn you, do you see ? " The major saw, and quietly 
rode off, amid the howls of the moving troops. 

One day, on the same march, " Beesum " the pioneer 
of Co. F, had been hard at work in the road removing ob- 
structions, and as a matter of course, his regiment got 
considerably in the advance, insomuch that he was obliged 
to hurry to catch up. " Beesum " was a droll fellow, and 
furnished the regiment with many jokes and sayings, 
and his replies to questions from superior officers would 
have made much trouble, if he had not been well known. 
Well, " Beesum " was swinging along in good order by the 
roadside, humming an original Te Deum, when of a sudden 
he heard the shrill voice of the "Major" from behind, 



212 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

shouting, " Say you big fellow, vat regiment do you be- 
long to? go back to your regiment, or I'll shoot you." 
" Beesum " straightened up to his full length, six foot 
three, and half opening his mouth, his face looking like a 
frightened lamb, gazed at the "little man on the horse" 
for a moment, then slowly drawled out with a deep bass 
voice, "Where do you bury your dead." The "Major" 
rapidly cooled off, said something about " superior officers " 
and " that ish a bad soldier," and galloped off, much to 
the amusement of those who witnessed the incident. The 
"Major" was a necessary evil, however, and performed 
his duty faithfully ; at any rate he is forgiven now. 

Commissary Clarke was the cause of one incident that 
for the time being made considerable talk. It occurred 
the night before reaching Goldsboro' It seems that Ser- 
geant Clark had made a trade with an old woman, whom 
he found in a cabin, giving her a quantity of salt for an old 
nuck of ham. Late in the evening, he foraged some on- 
ions, and with other fixings made a big soup. The boys 
could not help smelling the savory compound, and when 
it was cooked, the demand for it was so great, that he was 
obliged to serve those who came first, regardless of rank 
or regiment, and by the time it was all dished out, taking 
not over five minutes, it was noised all through the camp, 
and the sergeant was besieged by about two thousand 
hungry warriors, who finding they could obtain nothing, 
swore that he was saving it for his favorites ; which was 
rather rough on his benevolence, he not getting a taste of 
it himself. 

Archer's fiddle caused considerable comment on the 
Goldsboro' battle-field. It appears that one of the foragers 
had captured it, and presented it to Private Archer, just 
before reaching Goldsboro', and as the regiment lay in 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. "Jl.ij 

waiting behind the batteries for the rebels to advance, 
some one asked Archer to strike up a tune. Unfortu- 
nately, there were but two strings to the instrument, but 
the musical nature of the soldiers would not rest, so he 
commenced that inspiring melody, " Yankee Doodle," and 
put the boys in good humor, so much so, that Gen. Lee, 
overhearing it, asked Col. Peirson "where the fiddler 
was." The Colonel, half suspecting the source of the lively 
air, rode toward Company H and said, "Stop that fiddle," 
orders were obeyed, and the violin was placed in its case, 
a haversack. The same instrument is used by the vet- 
eran on all occasions, even to this day. 

Life in Camp. 

January 9th, 1863, was full of incidents, and the follow- 
ing is a memorandum of that date. Major Jameson fin- 
ished paying off the regiment to October 31st, 1862 ; 
Sergeant B. S. Houghton, of Co. K, died in the hospital 
of typhoid fever ; the Thirty-ninth Illinois and One Hun- 
dred and Seventy-sixth Pennsylvania regiments arrived 
in New Berne ; and the Dudley Buck came in with boxes 
and letters from home. 

For several weeks, the regiment was engaged by details 
of one hundred or more men every day, in throwing up 
earth-works, or sand-works around our camp, and in a 
month or so, a formidable fort protected our rear. 

This precaution was necessary, from the fact that, with 
the exception of Fort Toten and Rowan, there was 
nothing to prevent the enemy, in case of a grand sortie, 
from breaking the line and walking directly into New 
Berne. By the 1st of May there was a continuous line of 
breastworks from the Neuse to the Trent river. The 
routine of camp life was followed until the 13th of March, 
interspersed with pleasures as well as toil. Passes were 



214 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

given to go "down town" or to visit the forts ; briar root 
pipes were manufactured, bone rings and various orna- 
ments ; curious emblems were cut from the refuse shins 
of our soups, and the morning guard mounting, after- 
noon drill and dress parade, afforded some relief to the 
monotony of camp life. Our Band practiced and per- 
fected itself, and to such an extent, that their playing was 
the general theme of conversation, and added much to 
enliven the spirits of the soldiers. 

The relieved guard every morning shot at target, and 
the best marksmen were allowed a relief from duty when 
their turn came round again. The following privates had 
a very good average record ; C. Parker, of Co. G ; A. 
Simpson, Co. F ; Edwin W. Archer, and E. A. Roulstone, 
Co. H. 

At one time we had some trouble with a New York 
regiment, who were encamped about a mile away, on our 
left ; every morning their relief guard would discharge 
their guns in the direction of our camp, and frequently 
balls would buzz over us ; this sort of carelessness was 
stopped after a while, however. 

Some of our regimental foragers were noted for their 
pluck and zeal in procuring provender, and none are to be 
remembered with greater pleasure than Corporal Horatio 
N. Doyle of Co. H. 

Our Drum Corps should not be forgotten, and under 
Major "Joe" Knox, they attained a considerable repu- 
tation. 

On Wednesday, Feb. 23d, Gen. Foster reviewed all the 
troops in the department, on the south side of the Trent. 
The day was delightful, being very much like one of the 
hot days in Boston, with the wind out East. There were 
about 15,000 troops present, or all of the available organi- 
zations in the Eighteenth Army Corps, including Artillery 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 215 

and Cavalry. Each brigade was formed by itself, in col- 
umn of regiments, and all day long we marched and 
countermarched, and were inspected in the manual and 
other military manoeuvres. The Twenty-fifth Mass., Col. 
Pickett, was considered the best regiment in the depart- 
ment, and the Fifth Mass., Col. Peirson, was highly com- 
plimented, and took the second honors. 

Attack on New Berne. 

The intention of the enemy seems to have been to cap- 
ture the city of New Berne, on the memorable 14th of 
March, that being the anniversary day on which General 
Burnside took it from them. Their plan was to attack 
the Union forces at three different points ; one being Fort 
Anderson on the north side of the Neuse river, opposite 
the city ; one from the Trent road in the rear of the city, 
and our camp, and the other from the south side near the 
camp of the Seventeenth Mass. Regiment. General Fos- 
ter had no notion of letting the "rebs" hold any such 
picnic within the realm of his domains, as the results 
proved. 

General Foster anticipated the attack, and on the after- 
noon of the 13th, six companies of the Twenty-fifth Mass. 
were ordered to the outposts near Deep Gully, that place 
being attacked by the enemy. In the evening, just as 
the boys were devouring their supper, the order came for 
the Fifth to "fall in lively," and in fifteen minutes, the 
Regiment, in light marching order was in line, and with 
the entire brigade they double quicked about eight miles 
on the Trent road toward Deep Gully, and there halted 
for the night, resting on arms, without overcoats or fires. 

About 1 a. m. on the 14th, a demonstration was made on 
Fort Anderson, the pickets of the Ninety-second New York 
Regiment were driven in, and the rebel General Pettigrew, 



-!1<) HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

thought he had an easy prey. He had advanced during 
the night of the 13th with the Twenty-six, Fourty-fourth, 
Fourty-seventh and Fifty-seventh North Carolina Infantry, 
and thirty cannon, in all 4000 men, and this was the force 
the Ninety-second had to contend with. The rebels shelled 
the vicinity for about two hours, and General Pettigrew, 
not knowing how large a force he was contending with, 
sent a flag of truce to Col. Anderson of the Ninety-second, 
demanding surrender. Col. Anderson replied, " He did 
not see it in that light." At this moment the Hunchback, 
one of the old New York ferry-boats, that had been fitted 
up as a gunboat, and was under command of Lieut. Joseph 
Fife of the U. S. Navy, and having a royal fighting crew, 
was signalled, and opened fire on the rebels, with terrible 
consequences to them, insomuch that at 8 o'clock on the 
morning of the 14th, the enemy drew away from the fire 
of the gunboats and batteries, being obliged to content 
themselves with long range guns directed on our camp ; 
during the forenoon, our 100 pound Parrot, and 1 1 inch 
shell proved too much for them, and they withdrew from 
their position altogether. 

At early morn, our forces on the Trent road advanced, 
and the skirmishers of the Twenty-fifth Mass. were soon 
engaged with the enemy's advance. The Fifth and Forty- 
sixth Mass. Regiments, with a section of Riggs' and one 
piece of Belgier's batteries supported the Twenty-fifth 
Regiment, and the firing was kept up for some time. The 
city being attacked in the rear near the Seventeenth Mass. 
Regiment's camp, we were ordered to double quick back 
to our camp, and left the Twenty-fifth Mass. Regiment 
to check the advance of the would be invasionists. On 
Monday the 16th, not a rebel was in sight, and the whole 
affair proved to be a fizzle on the part of the enemy. 
There seemed to be a lack of good generalship on the part 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 217 

of the Confederates, and their several attacks were made 
on the strongest defended portions of the city, and further, 
they did not follow up any advantage they gained, which 
has caused the remark to be frequently made, that their 
intentions were to keep the department busy, while some 
grand demonstration was to be made in Virginia, or to 
prevent troops from re-enforcing Grant's Army, which was 
then concentrating in the vicinity of Vicksburg. 

The Fifth observed Thanksgiving by a mock dress pa- 
rade, Corporal John Carr of Company H officiating as 
Colonel. The affair was one of those happy episodes 
never to be forgotten by the participants. The Twenty- 
fifth Mass. held their entertainments at their camp on the 
1 6th of March, which consisted of wheelbarrow and sack 
races, climbing the pole, and the greased pig sport, all of 
which was enjoyed by the officers of most of the regiments, 
in the department. 

Off for Little Washington. 

Our forces being besieged at Washington, N. C, the 
Fifth Regiment with others, on the 4th of April embarked 
on transports for the relief of General Foster and his gar- 
rison at that place. Our fleet was unable to pass the 
shore batteries of the enemy at Hill's Point, some way 
up the river, and it was too risky to attempt it. The gun- 
boats and fort kept up a galling fire all through the even- 
ing, and the troops enjoyed the brilliant display, as the 
shells burst in the air, lighting up the heavens, and mak- 
ing an interesting spectacle. Our forces returned, and 
on the 8th of April, joined an expedition by land to assist 
our besieged comrades in Washington, where the force, 
including large portions of the Twenty-seventh and Forty- 
fourth Mass. Regiments, amounting to but 1600, were 
surrounded on all sides, by a force of about 15,000 men, 



218 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

with forty pieces of artillery, under the Confederate Gen- 
erals D. H. Hill, Daniels, Pettigrew, Robertson and Gar- 
nett. We could hear the bombarding going on in New 
Berne, from the time of commencement, 1st of April, 
though the town was over one hundred miles away, the 
sound travelling along the edges of the shore, and over 
the flat country General Spinola had command of this 
fruitless expedition, as will be seen on page 40, and it was 
reported at the time that General Spinola was among the 
first to reach New Berne on the hasty return. 

There was one incident connected with the seige of 
Washington, that deserves a mention in the national rec- 
ords, and without needless comment of the writer, is as 
follows : " The Fifth Rhode Island Volunteers, Col. Sisson, 
formed a part the brigade of which the Fourty-fourth 
Mass. were a portion, and after the two ineffectual at- 
tempts to reach their comrades, Col. Sisson and his staff 
obtained the steamer Escort, and on the night of April 
13th, the unarmed steamer, heavily ladened with ammuni- 
tion, and the Fifth Rhode Island Regiment, defied the 
rebel batteries, and steamed up the Tar River to the res- 
cue of the beleagured garrison of Washington. 

" Such daring would merit praise, even were it in obe- 
dience to orders which could not be resisted, but when 
we remember the circumstances, that they begged for the 
privilege, and came as volunteers, taking the whole re- 
sponsibility of failure or success, doing simply as they 
would be done by, it shows a spirit, moral, as well as a 
physical courage, seldom equalled, never excelled." {Fran- 
cis L. Lee, Colonel Forty-fourth Mass.) 

On the 1 6th of April, the Fifth erected a flag staff, a 
full description of which is given on previous pages. An 
incident occurred some time previous to this occasion, 
which nearly proved fatal to one of Company H's men. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 21'.t 

A fine piece of timber had been secured for a staff, and 
was on the derrick being raised into position, when some 
of the gearing gave way, and the huge stick toppled, and 
came crashing to the ground. Private Albion P Pease, 
seeing the staff about to fall, and being near it, run away 
in the same direction that it was falling, and only escaped 
being struck, by about two feet. 

The next day, April 17th, we were off again, with a, large 
force for Little Washington, it not being known whether 
the town was captured or not. As the army moved for- 
ward, there were frequent indications that the Confeder- 
ates had " skedaddled," and when we arrived at Blount's 
Creek, it was found deserted. Camping grounds were 
selected for the night, just beyond the fortifications, and 
the next morning the march was resumed, and the for- 
midable works of the rebels were found abandoned all 
along the line of march, and it was ascertained at night, 
fall of the 19th, that the seige of Washington had been 
raised, and the enemy had retreated toward Greenfield, 
defeated and discouraged, not capturing any of our men, 
nor a fugitive slave, the latter being in large numbers, 
under our protection. Our forces entered Washington 
on the morning of the 20th, and the Fifth were assigned 
quarters in the centre of the town, a portion of it being 
located in a Masonic Hall. 

On the 22d, our regiment embarked on board the 
steamer Escort for New Berne, arriving in camp at New 
Berne, at 6 o'clock, p m., on the same day. As we left the 
wharf in Washington, the colored denizens gathered in 
large numbers to see us off, and as they had been well 
frightened during the fifteen days' siege, and provisions 
were scarce, they wore the most mournful looking coun- 
tenances ever seen. The boys, partly from pity and 
mostly impelled by sport, pelted them with potatoes, 



z20 HISTORY OF THE FIP^H REGIMENT 

hard-tack, pork, onions and the like, and a lively scrabble 
occurred among them for the "God-sent " rations. 

Gum Swamp. 

The Fifth, under Colonel Peirson, made a reconnoisance 
during the expedition, in the direction of Cove Creek, 
which was one of those military events that has been 
awarded a just amount of praise.* 

This was the Fifth's eighth expedition, and we had 
hardly time to brush from off our shoes the dust received 
or, the Washington tramp, when orders came (Sunday 
night, 26th April), to cook three days' rations, and march 
Monday morning at daylight, with one hundred extra 
rounds of ammunition, per man. The start was delayed 
until 12.30 when the expedition proceeded, in a drench- 
ing rain, to Batchelder's Creek, where we arrived at 4.30 
p. m. After a brief halt the march was resumed, and con- 
tinued to Cove Creek, a distance of about twelve miles. 
The following day was passed in performing picket duty 
on all the different roads, for the enemy was around us 
and the utmost caution was necessary On Wednesday, 
orders were received to march on the Dover road, toward 
the intrenchments beyond Sandy Ridge, where Col. Jones' 
regiment had an engagement, a few days before, the dis- 
tance being about twelve miles. Orders were positive to 
be cautious and not to bring on an engagement, unless 
the enemy was found to be in small force. After march- 
ing about seven miles, the skirmishers (First platoon of 
Co. H) drove in the rebel pickets, and through woods and 
swamps, through briars and bush, they were pursued by 
our boys until driven to the cover of their earth-works. 

The regiment halted about a half mile back, and the 
reserve platoon of Company H, was ordered forward by 

* See page 46. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 221 

Lieut. Everett. Slowly the whole company crept up to 
the edge of the woods on the left and halted just before 
reaching an opening used to drive the teams through, and 
was connected on the other side by a rail fence, somewhat 
hid from view by a low growth of shrubbery, with scatter- 
ing pine trees beyond. Orders were given to creep on 
hands and knees past the opening, and get behind the 
shrubbery, which being done, a corporal and six men were 
called for, to station themselves behind the trees, or ob- 
tain whatever safe position they could, and draw the 
enemy's fire.* Every man lay flat to the earth, while 
the brave men, at imminent risk of their lives, fired at the 
heads of the rebels they could distinctly see with their 
chins above the earth-works. Following are the names 
of those men who volunteered to make their bodies a tar- 
get for the enemy : Corporal Horatio N. Doyle ; privates 
Samuel Williams, Jr., Arthur Harrington, John H. Varrell, 
Edwin H. Poor, Joseph E. Studley, Herbert W Hunting, 
and William W Melvin, all of Co. H. 

The result of this firing was a heavy volley from the 
rebels which was kept up, and for a half hour the shot 
flew thick and fast. While in this position Col. Peirson 
and Chaplain Snow crept up and surveyed the scene, and 
Sergeant Brigham of Co. K, secured a drawing of the 
grounds. By good fortune, the remnant of a small store- 
house, about midway between our forces and the rebels, 
caught fire, and the smoke being thick, our men seized the 
opportunity to retreat, and soon joined the regiment. 

By careful reconnoissance, it was ascertained that the 
enemy were in force, with artillery in position, waiting to 
trap our boys. Having gained the topographical informa- 

* After these works were captured (22d May) those men who had crept on 
hands and knees as far as they dared to, and fired, measured the distance 
between the position they occupied and the earthworks and found it to be 
iust one hundred feet. 



222 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

tion needed, the Fifth slowly retired to where the rest of 
the troops were encamped at Cove Creek. Our regiment 
travelled over twenty-five miles during the day, and hav- 
ing been deprived of sleep for several nights, many of 
them would have fallen in the road, being drowsy, but 
from the fact that "the woods were full of 'em," and they 
kept wide-awake. 

General Palmer congratulated Col. Peirson on the suc- 
cess of his reconnoissance and praised the conduct of his 
men while under fire. On May ist, the regiment returned 
to New Berne. 

The plans of General Foster having fully matured con- 
cerning the method of attacking this formidable point, 
another expedition started on the 21st of May, consisting 
of Lee's brigade, three pieces of Riggs battery, and three 
companies of cavalry, besides the Fifty-eighth Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, the whole under the command of Col. Jones 
of the Fifty-eighth. We reached Cove Creek late in the 
afternoon, when the column was divided, the Twenty- 
seventh Mass., and Fifty-eight Penn., under Col. Jones, 
kept on, hoping to gain the rear of the rebel intrench- 
ments, while the Fifth, Twenty-fifth and Forty-sixth, 
Mass., waited until midnight before proceeding. Shortly 
before 12 o'clock, the column was in motion, and the tired 
troops soon got into the usual swinging gait. 

When the gray morning came on and revealed the cause 
of the fragrant atmosphere which we had inhaled during 
the night, the boys were not slow in gathering the sweet 
perfumed magnolias that grew in abundance in the mar- 
shy grounds on either side of the road, and decorated the 
muzzles of their guns with them. One might have thought 
they were bearing garlands for some bridal offering, rather 
than being a stern, eager body of infantry, about to send 
their leaden messengers of death into the ranks of a foe. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. -2z'5 

At about 5 o'clock, a. m., the skirmishers of the Twen- 
ty-fifth Mass. -exchanged shots with the enemy's pickets, 
and advancing cautiously we soon found ourselves in the 
immediate vicinity of the enemy's camp. As soon as this 
fact was ascertained, Col. Peirson ordered a line of battle, 
the Twenty-fifth Mass. taking the right, the Forty-sixth 
in the centre, supporting the battery, and the Fifth under 
Lieut. -Col. Boyd deployed in the woods as skirmishers. 
At about 9 o'clock, firing was heard in the rear of the 
rebels' works, and knowing it to proceed from Col. Jones' 
command, who had gained their rear, Col. Peirson ordered 
the forces to immediately charge on the enemy, which 
was admirably done. 

The Confederates, outflanked and attacked in the rear, 
fled precipitately to the woods and swamps, and the vari- 
ous regimental colors of the victors were soon waving 
from the parapets. 

About one hundred and seventy prisoners belonging to 
the Fifty-sixth North Carolina Regiment, were " bagged " 
while attempting to escape. 

All day long our troops worked hard in levelling the for- 
tifications, and by 5 o'clock were ready to return to Cove 
Creek. At that hour our senses were suddenly startled 
by the buzz ! buzz ! buzz ! of a shot thrown from the plat- 
form car howitzer, on the railroad track, which had come 
from Kinston, some of the escaped rebels having informed 
the forces at that station of their casualities. 

The object of the expedition having been accomplished, 
and after our artillery had thrown a few shot at the enemy 
we took up the retrograde movement. The enemy fol- 
lowed, however, occasionally throwing a shell from behind 
and from the railroad track on our right ; they did no dam- 
age, having lost their range, and we reached Cove Creek 
safely at 10 1-2 o'clock that night, when we bivouacked 



224 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

without fires and on our arms. At early morning we were 
off again, and took up our line of march for the railroad, 
there to take the cars for Batchelder's Creek. 

The column had been in motion but a short time, when 
the enemy's advance guard fired upon our troops from the 
other side of the creek. Our artillery soon stopped that ; 
but our predicament was worse than we thought, for it 
was discovered that the pickets of the Fifty-eighth Penn. 
Volunteers, who were stationed on the railroad, were 
driven in, and two brigades of Confederates under Gener- 
als Ransom and Cooke were moving down in force upon 
them with the evident intention of striking our left flank 
and rear, and cutting us off from the cars and all possibili- 
ty of escape. 

Col. Peirson, foreseeing the imminent danger to his forces 
and the prospect of being " bagged " not being relished by 
him, he ordered the column to the left and into the woods 
running parallel with the railroad for some distance, and 
then to strike it far enough down to enable him to bring 
his command into position, and give them battle. The 
head of the column, the Fifth, soon struck into a deep 
swamp, which seemed at first likely to impede our advance, 
but ere long it became almost impenetrable, and seemed 
interminable. The outlook was indeed staggering, the 
" rebs " were continually shelling the woods to our rear, 
men here and there would sink almost out of sight in some 
bog-hole, the foot once into the thick mud and water, one 
would have to stick there or haul it out minus the shoe ; 
then we were without guides, and without much hope, and 
in endeavoring to reach the railroad, we had plunged deeper 
and deeper into the dismal swamp ; the sun was hot, and 
the dreadful smell of decayed vegetation almost suffocated 
us ; we had indeed lost our way, and if we could have only 
faced one foe at a time, we might have vanquished or been 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MrLTTIA. 225 

vanquished, but the uncertainty of our position was most 
deplorable; and heaven knows what would have been our 
fate, had it not been for the fortunate finding of a pocket 
compass, and with this we were guided to the railroad, 
coming put about two miles above Tuscaroora Depot. 
Here we met the train, and after "halloing" and sounding 
the steam engine whistle for an hour, as a guide for those 
in the woods, we were conveyed back to New Berne. 

The expedition was, on the whole, successful.* Many 
of our force perished in the swamp, at least thirty men 
were never seen afterward. Those who were fortunate 
enough to get through, will never forget the horrible ex- 
perience during their lifetime. 

One of the saddest events, and taking away the good 
that had been accomplished of the whole expedition, was 
the death of the brave Col. Jones, who was killed, shortly 
after our return to New Berne, while leading his skir- 
mishers up to a deserted rifle pit, being shot through the 
breast by a sharp shooter, who was concealed behind a 
chimney on a cabin near the edge of the woods. His body 
was placed on a hand car, and covered with the American 
flag. It came slowly into New Berne, spreading a deep 
gloom over the entire department, Col. Jones being noted 
for his wonderful intrepidity, and his demise was as much 
noticed as would have been any generals in the Eighteenth 
Army Corps. 

Wilkinson's Point. 
On the 26th of May, about one half the regiment was 
ordered to Wilkinson's Point on the Neuse River, some 
20 miles below New Berne, there to erect and occupy for- 
tifications. Major Worcester was in command of the de- 
tachment, and immediately upon arrival, we commenced 

* See page 49. 



226 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

our work under his direction. The point was pleasantly 
located, as far as the water view went, but the accommo- 
dations in the woods were not very favorable, there being 
an undergrowth or jungle which prevented the troops from 
making comfortable quarters. Those who slept in the 
woods discovered, next morning, while bathing in the 
River Neuse, a new and curious species of bug — called 
the wood-tick, — this creature proved to be a most obsti- 
nate "hanger on," and was about the size of an eastern 
bed-bug, differing from those comparative luxuries by bor- 
ing his head under the skin, so that a penknife was re- 
quired for his extraction, and, if the head was left in, the 
place would itch for a month, or until removed. 

Fortunately, in two senses, we were recalled to New 
Berne on the 28th of May, first because of the wood-ticks, 
and secondly, it has since been ascertained, but not gen- 
erally known, that our forces had not been gone an hour 
from the Point, before a whole brigade of North Carolina 
Infantry, and a battery of two guns, came by an overland 
route for the same purpose that we had had in view, and 
our narrow escape from being "gobbled up" by the 
"Johnnies " was somewhat miraculous. " It's time now," 
some of the boys would say, "to get scared over our nar- 
row squeak." 

Our Term Nearly Up. 

After this affair, several companies performed picket 
duty at Deep Gully, and others took to building fortifica- 
tions on the left bank of the Neuse. The regiment gained 
an excellent reputation in the department, as shown by 
the appointment from general head-quarters, of Lieut. 
George Myrick of Co. E, as acting brigade Quarter-Master 
and of Lieuts. A. J. Holbrook of Co. E, and E. M. Pierce, 
of Co. F, to the signal corps. On the march to Washing- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. Z_ i 

ton, N. C, General Foster ordered his body-guard from 
the regiment. Numerous other details from General Of- 
ficers showed great confidence in the Fifth. 

Co. H, of Charlestown held the right, and Co. D, of the 
same city held the left of the line, during the campaign, 
and Co. G, of Woburn, acted as color company, until it 
went to Hatteras, February 22d, 1863, and upon its re- 
turn resumed its former position. 

The regiment was anticipating an opportunity of par- 
ticipating in the celebration of the 17th of June in Bos- 
ton, its time being out about that date, but it was not 
deemed advisable for too many troops to leave New Berne 
at the same time, other nine months troops' time of service 
expiring at the same date, so the Fifth hung on until the 
22d of June, and were thus obliged to celebrate the anniver- 
sary of the famous battle-day on the soil of North Carolina, 
which they did, and being allowed " extra rations," and one 
of the firm of the Boston Ice Co., Private Arthur Harring- 
ton of Co. H, furnishing a large supply of ice, the boys 
kept cool, and in good spirits until the day of departure.* 

About the first of June, Colonel Frankle commenced to 
recruit his regiment of heavy artillery (the Second Mass.) 
and the following members of the Fifth re-enlisted. 

Company II. Sergeant Edward F. Everett, promoted Lieutenant. 

A. Private John Croghan. 

A " John Kenney. 

A " James Wiggins. 

D " Charles Jones. 

F " Ira Hines. 

F " Atwell C. Keene. 

I " George A. Corser. 

I " Jeremiah Flynn. 

I " Richard Murphy. 

Uniform. 
The following is a description of the uniform worn by 
infantry during the war, including full marching order : 

* See page 50- 



228 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Coat. — Single-breasted frock, of dark blue cloth, made 
without plaits, skirts extending one-half the distance from 
the top of the hip to the bend of the knee ; one row of 
nine buttons on the breast, placed at equal distances ; 
stand-up collar, to rise no higher than to permit the chin 
to turn freely over it, to hook in front at the bottom, and 
then to slope up and backward to an angle of thirty de- 
grees on each side ; cuffs pointed, and to button with two 
small buttons at the under seam ; collar and cuffs edged 
with a cord or welt of cloth ; sky-blue for Infanty Nar- 
row lining for skirt of the coat, of the same color and 
material as the coat ; pockets in the folds of the skirts, 
with one button at each hip, to range with the lowest 
buttons on the breast ; no buttons at the ends of the 
pockets. 

Trowsers. — Light blue cloth, plain, without stripe or 
welt, for privates. Sergeants with a stripe one and one- 
half inches wide ; Corporals, with a stripe one-half inch 
wide, of worsted lace, down and over the outer seam, dark 
blue for Infantry. 

Cap — Dark blue cloth, and yellow metal letters in front 
to designate companies, with black glazed visor. 

Overcoat. — Light blue cloth with cape, blouse of dark 
blue cloth, a large woolen and a rubber blanket. 

Accoutrements. — These consisted of cartridge box, 
cross belt and round-about ; Springfield musket, knapsack, 
haversack, canteen, dipper, tin plate, forty or more rounds 
of cartridges, provisions and regular army shoes. 

The One Hundred Days' Campaign. 
As there is no authority, known to the author, for the 
details of the campaign of the Fifth Regiment during its 
one hundred days' service, the best material obtainable 
has been used in the following account. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 229 

Before giving the details of this portion of the Regi- 
ment's service, something may profitably be said concern- 
ing the importance of keeping a careful record of the 
events that may transpire, worthy of incorporating in the 
Regiment's future history. 

Here is a Regiment that serves in its Country's Cause, 
forming a part of as great an Army as history mentions, 
and yet, when its campaign is over, and a few years have 
passed, there is not to be found any authority which can 
be used to show the part it took in the civil strife. 

Surgeon Edward J. Forster, of the Fifth, has in his 
Manual for Medical Officers of the Militia and the United 
States, given much good advice on the honors and duties 
of a soldier, regarding his physical condition,* and, taking 
this for an illustration, the Author desires to give much 
good advice concerning the value of historic records. 

A methodical record of the important Events which con- 
cern a community of men, whether in war or in peace, 
should be so arranged as to show their connection of 
cause and effect. This is the duty of history, and it is the 
duty of every man to write the history of his actions in 
life ; if not a duty, then life is not worth living, and man- 
kind too selfish to exist. 

It may be argued that this dissertation on keeping the 
records of events is hardly needed, and that the Fifth did 
but little important service during its one hundred days' 
campaign ; but such arguments are of no value. For in- 
stance, who can tell the importance attached to the move- 
ments of the Regiment to Monocacey Junction ? Perhaps 
it may have changed the result of the war, or effected its 

* Part of the Table of Contents is as follows : Honors, Ceremonies, Cor- 
respondence, Reports, Records, Requisitions, Sanitary duties, and Sugges- 
tions, etc., etc. 



230 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

more speedy termination. Smaller things than this have 
overthrown Empires and annihilated Armies. 

The Capitol was menaced when the Fifth were sent into 
the field (1864), for one hundred days. Gen. Lee's troops 
were ready to pounce upon the Union Army when they 
should have crossed the south side of the James River, 
and through Maryland the confident Confederates would 
have marched, had it not have been for the ready response 
of the one hundred days' men to the call of the President. 
After this every movement of the Regiment, or men, or 
detachment was of great consequence, of how much, will 
perhaps never be known, and this is the reason for this 
verbosity 

Too careful an account of the Regiment's service can- 
not be made, and it is the Author's hope that as complete 
a record as may be will yet be obtained of the one hundred 
days' service. 

Then, too, there are many interesting incidents that 
transpired which cannot be chronicled at present. Such 
incidents, though in some instances of an uninteresting 
character, add to the fullness of the true history, and 
make the every-day life of the soldier more of a reality 
than a story. 

In making inquiries of the members of the Fifth who 
served for one hundred days, the Author has often been 
answered that they did nothing of importance. "We only 
performed garrison duty " This may be all as far as -is 
known, but if an association of the Fifth is formed, there 
is some hope that all of the best records of the Regiment 
may be obtained, and the supplement to this volume be- 
come of great value. It will thus be seen, that it rests 
with every comrade to complete the history of the Fifth, 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 231 

By referring to pages 70 and 71, an outline sketch is 
given of this campaign. A letter received by the author 
from an officer connected with the Fifth Regiment during 
the one hundred days' service, is given below, and is 
doubtless correct. The writer says : 

"The regiment left Readville, July 28th, 1864, under 
command of Col. George H. Peirson, and proceeded to 
Baltimore, stopping at the Soldier's Rest in Philadelphia, 
on the way, and traveling by night from this city, arrived 
in Baltimore the next morning. The regiment was 
marched to the Soldiers' Rest in this city, and were 
breakfasted in splendid shape. At about 10 o'clock, A. m., 
the regiment took up its line of march for Mankin's woods, 
which is situated on the outskirts of the city. While there 
we were brigaded with other hundred-days' men. The 
day after our arrival the Colonel commanding the brigade 
reviewed the troops. 

" The day was one of the hottest of the season, and many 
of our soldiers received sunstrokes. Colonel Peirson was 
highly complimented on the appearance of his command ; 
in fact, during the time it was in the Department it never 
lost the old and well established record. The regiment 
carried its old nine months' colors with the names of Kins- 
ton, Whitehall, and Goldsboro' on them. 

" After remaining at Mankin's Woods about a week, the 
regiment was ordered to Fort McHenry Here First- 
Lieut. Wm. Spaulding, of Co. H, was detailed to act as Ad- 
jutant of the post, holding the position until the expiration 
of his term of service, and performing the duty in a manner 
highly satisfactory to Gen. Morris, commanding the post. 
" Companies B, E, and H, under command of Col. Peirson, 
went to Fort Marshall, Companies A, C, D, F, I and K 
under command of Lieut. -Col. Worcester went to Federal 
Hill, and Co. G, remained in Fort McHenry. Co. A after- 



282 HISTORY' OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

wards relieved Co. E at Fort Marshal], Co. E taking 
their place at P'ederal Hill. The regiment remained here 
about two months, doing garrison duty and taking recruits 
to the front. The companies at Fort Marshall were 
ordered to Fort McHenry, and the various detachments 
were sent to different towns along the eastern coast of 
Maryland to guard the polls, threats having been made by 
the rebels that no Union man would be allowed to vote. 
The old settlers of Maryland could not be subdued; they 
were "secesh" way through, and although there were many 
who loved their old flag and the cause of the North, still 
they dared not to speak, and when the Fifth appeared in 
the towns, the loyalists treated them with the greatest 
kindness ; in some places the union men and women fur- 
nished us with our meals. The polls were carefully guar- 
ded, and the poor voters, of which there were many, seemed 
to act and talk like men who were for the first time for 
years exercising their right of prerogative, and the lines 
of Whittier frequently came to my mind as I saw the poor, 
white-faced, Southerner going to the polls : 

" ' The proudest now is but my peer, 

The highest not more high ; 
To-day, of all the weary year, 

A king of men am I. 
To-dav, alike are great and small, 

The nameless and the known ; 
My palace is the people's hall 

The ballot-box my throne.' " 

" Upon their return, Companies A, B and H went to Mon- 
ocacey Junction on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, for 
what purpose I never knew, except it might have been to 
be ready for duty and be nearer the front. From there they 
went to Monrovia on the same line of road, and shortly 
afterward returned to Monocacey. Here they remained for 
a week, during which time nothing of importance trans- 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 2o?» 

pired worthy of record. The usual routine of camp life was 
followed until they joined their regiment at Fort Federal 
Hill. Three days after we were ordered home, arriving in 
Boston in the night. The Charlestown companies D and H 
were received by a large number of military companies 
and friends headed by the Brigade Band, and escorted to 
Armory Hall, where a hearty welcome was given them by 
Mayor Stone in behalf of the citizens of Charlestown. 

The one hundred days men were faithful to their duties, 
although they were never in action during their term of 
service, still they were ready and willing to face the 
enemy, and it is to be said to their credit, that they were 
as good, and in respect to drill and discipline, equal to 
any other regiment in the department, and the material 
was of as high a standard as the three months' or nine 
months' volunteers. 

When the regiment was mustered out, the combined 
service of the Fifth during the war, covered a period of 
about eighteen months. 

In Times of Peace. 

The Fifth Regiment has had its full share of praise 
from the people of the State for duties performed not only 
previous to, and during the war, but since its re-organiza- 
tion under the militia law of 1866; and to-day the regi- 
ment is second to none in the country in general disci- 
pline and the character of its composition. 

The regiment has participated in all of the celebrations 
of any note during the past fifteen years, having paraded 
on the occasion of the reception of General Sheridan, Oct. 
7th, 1867, Grant, June 16th, 1869, reception of Ninth Regi- 
ment, N. G. S. N. Y., Col. James Fiske, June 17th, 1871 ; 
performed guard duty at the Boston Fire, November 9th, 
1872, paraded on the Centennial of the Battle of Bunker 



234 HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 

Hill, June 17th, 1875 ; performed escort duty to the Gov- 
ernor and Boston Cadets ; entertained the Second Con- 
necticut regiment, attended the Concord and Lexington 
Centennials ; participated in the obsequies of the philan- 
thropist Peabody, and have made many other less impor- 
tant parades. Governor Rice, upon his return from the 
Centennial at Philadelphia, paid the Fifth the following 
compliment : — 

" The reception accorded the Commander-in-Chief upon 
his return, by the Fifth Regiment Infantry is respectfully 
acknowledged and cordially appreciated by the Governor 
and staff." 

The following testimonial was presented to the Fifth 
by the Independent Corps of Cadets of Boston, and shows 
the brotherly feeling existing between the two commands. 

Head Quarters ist Corps of Cadets. 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, Boston, Oct. 9th, 1876. 

To Col. Ezra J. Trull, 

Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. 

Sir : Upon the one hundred and fifty-fifth anniversary 
of this corps, I have the honor and the pleasure by its 
unanimous desire, to convey to the Fifth Regiment, M. V 
M., an expression of the gratification with which the 
Cadets participated in the event which your command 
performed to the commander-in-chief on his return from 
Philadelphia, in May last, and to offer our congratulations 
upon the friendship existing between the two organiza- 
tions. 

May we long continue, as at present, on intimate and 
friendly terms, and together aim to elevate the standard of 
the Volunteer Militia of this Commonwealth. 

I am sir, very respectfully your obedient servant, 
[seal.] Thomas F Edmands, Lieut. -Col. Commanding. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. li?,:> 

The Fifth Regiment had an opportunity to show their 
discipline in comparison with that of organizations from 
many other States, on the Anniversary of the Battle of 
Bunker Hill, June 17th, 1875, and they won a merited 
compliment from the highest military generals who wit- 
nessed their evolutions. The following was the formation 
of the Second Brigade upon that day : 

Brigadier General. George H. Peirson. 
Lynn, Brass Band. 
Eighth Regiment, M. V. M. 
Sixth Regiment, M. V M. 
Fifth Regimental Band. 

Fifth Regiment, M. V. M. Col. Ezra J. Trull. 
Lawrence Brass Band. 
Second Battery Light Infantrv. 

There has long been a desire on the part of the past 
and present officers of the Fifth, that a club might be 
formed that would have a tendency to keep alive the in- 
terest in the organization, and it is understood that such 
a movement is, at the present writing, contemplated. 

If such an organization had existed fifteen years ago, 
the present history of the regiment would have contained 
important facts that could never have been obtained from 
any other source, and it is hoped that the movement will 
be successful. 

Regimental Roster, February 1st, 1880. 





Field and Staff 


Date of Commission. 


Residence. 


Colonel. 


Ezra J. Trull. 


Mar. 


9. 


1875. 


Boston. 


Lieut.-Col. 


Leonard C. Lane. 


July 


24. 


1876. 


Waltham. 


Major. 


Alonzo L. Richardson. 


July 


17. 


1878. 


Woburn. 


Major. 


G. Frank Frost. 


Feb. 


26, 


1879- 


Waltham. 


Adjutant. 


Newell A. Thompson. 


Dec. 


29. 


1879. 


Boston. 


Quartermaster. 


Frank G. Williams. 


July- 


27. 


1876. 


Somerville. 


Surgeon. 


Edward J. Forster. 


May 


19. 


1871. 


Boston. 


Asst. Surgeon, 


Uranus O. B. Wixgate. 


Oct. 


I, 


1879. 


Wellesley. 


Paymaster. 


Charles A. Fairbanks. 


J«iy 


27, 


1876. 


Boston. 


Chaplain. 


William H. Ryder. 


April 


'5. 


1878. 


Maiden. 



236 



HISTORY OF THE FIFTH REGIMENT 



Non-Commissioned Staff. 
Sergt.-Major. Delmont L. Weeks. 
Q.-M.-Sergt. Frederick W. Johnson. 
Hosp. Steward. Silas S. Bradford. 
Drum Major. Charles F. Dane. 



Date of Warrant. 

Sept. 10, 1877. Waltham. 

Sept. 7, 1876. Somerville. 

May 15, 1878. Boston. 

April 6, 1879. Boston. 



Company A. 

Capt. John E. Phipps. 

1st Lieut. George H. Washburn. 

2d Lieut. J. Henry Taylor. 



Date of Commission. 
Nov. 23, 1874. Boston. 
Jan. 26, 1880. Boston. 
Jan. 26, 1880. Boston. 



Company B. 

Capt. William A. Bancroft. 

1st Lieut. Thomas C. Henderson. 

2d Lieut. Charles H. Cl'tler. 



Mar. 31, 1879. Cambridge. 
Mar. 31, 1879. Cambridge. 
Oct. 27, 1879. Cambridge. 



Company C. 

Capt. John A. Kenrick. 

1st Lieut. Henry W Downs. 

2d Lieut. Frank L. Barnes. 



Oct. 3, 1S78. Newton. 
Dec. 3, 1878. Newton. 
Jan. 25, 1879. Newton. 



Capt. 
1st Lieut. 
2d Lieut. 



Company D. 
Henry A. Snow. 

Frank A. Boise. 



Mar. 15, 1875. Boston. 
Aug. 29, 187S. Boston. 



Company E. 
('apt. Japhanus H. Whitney. 

1st Lieut. Charles R. Dawson. 

2d Fieut. George C Chase. 



Jan. 24, 1876. Medford. 
July 18, 1S77. Medford. 
Aug. 1, 1879. Medford. 



Capt. 
1st Lieut. 
2d Lieut. 



Company F. 

Chas. H. D. Stockbridge. April 10,1879. Waltham. 
John K. Glidden. July 31, 1879. Waltham. 



Capt. 
1st Lieut. 
2d Lieut. 



Company G. 
John W Ellard. 
Charles W Conyekse. 



Oct. 17, 187S. Woburn. 
(Jet. 30, 1S78. Woburn. 



MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



9-r, 



Capt. 
ist Lieut. 
2d Lieut. 



Com i ',\ ny H. 

J. Henry Brown. 

Jahier H. Martin. 



Date of Commission. 



Residence. 



June 6, 1878. Boston. 
May 9, 1878. Boston. 



In closing this history the author begs past and present 
members of the Regiment to overlook all undue praise, 
and neglect to praise those who should have received it, 
and further, if there are mistakes discovered here and 
there, it rests with those who find them to make the cor- 
rections, and by having them incorporated with the supple- 
ment, an absolutely authentic history will be obtained. 

The possibility of a mistake in the spelling of a name 
is very great, and it is hoped that those who are unfortu- 
nately found among the number, may not be too severe 
on one who has undertaken a work of love, rather than 
profit. The author's object has been to preserve the fast 
fading remnants of the history of the Fifth, before they 
were irrevocably lost, and although the fire of 
December 28th, 1879, destroyed much valuable 
matter, which was nearly ready for delivery, 
still there was enough in unproven sheets left to 
compile this work. 

The author is indebted to the following gen- 
tlemen for favors received. 

General Samuel C. Lawrence. 

" George H. Peirson. 

Golonel William T. Grammer. 

Ezra J. Trull. 
Private Andrew J. Mallon, Co. H, 9 months volunteers. 

W. W Davis, 
Sergeant Joseph M. Wilson, late of Co. A. 




ERRATA 



THREE MONTHS' VOLUNTEERS. 
Co. A. James H. Estes. Co. I. W. Oliver Judson. 

" " Albert J. Lowd. " " Geo. A. S. Hodgkins. 

" C. Valentine Walburg. " '' Wm. T. Gibson. 

" E. William J. Crooker. " K. James K. Churchill. 

" G. Eugene M. Dearing. 



NINE MONTHS' 

Co. A. William Shannon. 

" " Eugene F. Viles. 

" " Phillip Cassidy. 

" B. John C. Leavitt. 

" " Michael Mumnaugh. 

" Francis H. Thompson. 

" " John Younie. 

" C. Joseph S. Nutter. 

" " JohnW Barnard. 

" D. John D. Battiste. 



VOLUNTEERS. 

Co. D. Wm. E. Gabriel. 

" " Wm. A. Hardy. 

" " Samuel Palmer, Jr. Disabled.* 

" E. Joseph D. Bragdon. 

" " Henry G. Harriman. Died. 

" " Dexter E. Paine. 

" F. Geo. W Williamson. 

" " James M. Powers. 

" " Sidney M. Towle. 

" I. George E. Spoerell. 



Page 34, ist line, nth instead of 10th. 

" 36, 4th " Morrison's instead of Belgier's. 
« 37j 4th « 



ONE HUNDRED DAYS' VOLUNTEERS. 



Adjutant, Edwin F. Wyer. 



Co. A. 


Lieut. Charles I. Craibc. 


Co. E. 


" " 


Augustus Roy. 


" F. 


a »« 


Sands K. Chipman. 


• * a 


<< tt 


Phillip Degan. 


" G. 


<< « 


John Gately. 


" K. 


i( C 


Lieut. Lewis A. Manning, 





Adjutant General's Report says deserted. 



George G. Barnard. 
Williard H. Lethbridge. 
Edwin A. Townsend. 
Edwin G. Champney. 
L. T. Quinby. 




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